Königslutter am Elm

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Königslutter am Elm
Königslutter am Elm
Map of Germany, location of the city of Königslutter highlighted on the Elm

Coordinates: 52 ° 15 '  N , 10 ° 49'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Helmstedt
Height : 150 m above sea level NHN
Area : 130.62 km 2
Residents: 15,704 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 120 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 38154
Primaries : 05353, 05365
License plate : HE
Community key : 03 1 54 013
City structure: 18 districts

City administration address :
Am Markt 1
38154 Königslutter am Elm
Website : www.koenigslutter.de
Mayor : Alexander Hoppe ( SPD )
Location of the city of Königslutter am Elm in the Helmstedt district
Sachsen-Anhalt Braunschweig Landkreis Gifhorn Landkreis Wolfenbüttel Wolfsburg Bahrdorf Beierstedt Brunsleberfeld Danndorf Frellstedt Gevensleben Grafhorst Grasleben Groß Twülpstedt Helmstedt Helmstedt Helmstedt Helmstedt (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Jerxheim Königslutter (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Königslutter (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Königslutter am Elm Königslutter am Elm Königslutter am Elm Lehre (Niedersachsen) Mariental (Niedersachsen) Mariental (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Mariental (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Mariental (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Querenhorst Räbke Rennau Schöningen Schöningen (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Söllingen (Niedersachsen) Süpplingen Süpplingenburg Velpke Warberg Wolsdorfmap
About this picture

Königslutter am Elm is a town in the east of Lower Saxony in the Helmstedt district .



The city lies in the middle of the Elm-Lappwald Nature Park and on the north-east side of the wooded Elm ridge . The nearest large cities are Braunschweig about 23 km to the west and Wolfsburg about 20 km to the north; the district town of Helmstedt is about 15 km east of Königslutter. The German half-timbered road runs through Königslutter .

Neighboring communities

The following cities and municipalities border on Königslutter (starting clockwise in the north):

Wolfsburg , Groß Twülpstedt , Rennau , Süpplingenburg , Süpplingen , Räbke , Schöppenstedt , Evessen , Erkerode , Cremlingen and apprenticeship .

City structure

The settlement Langeleben im Elm also belongs to Königslutter am Elm.



The town of Königslutter am Elm was originally a village with the name Lutter. It was first mentioned in a document as Lûtere in 1135, but is probably much older. It was named after the Lutter brook , which rises from a strong spring near the town . Towards the end of the 14th century, the name Königslutter established itself as Konnigesluttere , the king commemorating the king and later emperor Lothar von Süpplingenburg .


Merian copper engraving by Königslutter around 1650: the town on the left,
Königslutter imperial cathedral on the right

Around 1200 a moated castle was built in the area of ​​today's district court. In 1318 the village of Lutter became a market town under the name of forum Luttere and was granted city rights by the Brunswick dukes around 1400 . Between the monastery with the imperial cathedral and the village there was the Oberlutter settlement. A city ​​wall was probably built in the late 13th or early 14th century . At first it only surrounded the area around the market, but was expanded after the city was expanded in the 15th century. After the wall no longer had any practical significance, it was torn down except for a section about 100 meters long, which is now a listed building. In 2017, a public discussion arose over plans to demolish another piece of the wall to build a discount store. The plans were dropped.

The favorable traffic situation on the trade route Braunschweig - Magdeburg (today's B 1 ), the Elm limestone trade , the pilgrimages to the Kaiserdom and the Duckstein beer favored the development of Königslutter. 73 breweries were authorized to brew the top-fermented wheat beer with the calcareous stream water of the Lutter . Many of the old half-timbered houses can now be recognized as earlier breweries due to their spacious hallways and large vaulted cellars. Duckstein beer was exported in large quantities to the cities of Magdeburg, Halle, Leipzig, Berlin, Hamburg and Kassel, as well as to the Netherlands. Much appreciated was the court of the Prussian soldier king Friedrich Wilhelm I .

In the year 1571 the city archive was destroyed in the fire of the town hall, which left major gaps in the tradition of the local settlement history.

A postal expedition existed in Königslutter since the 17th century. For a description of postal history see: Postal route Braunschweig – Helmstedt – Magdeburg .

From 1796 to 1799, the founder of homeopathy, Samuel Hahnemann, ran a local doctor's practice, but soon left Königslutter, as he was hostile to pharmacists because of his self-made medicines.

In 1865 the first building of today's AWO Psychiatry Center was opened.

In 1924 the previously independent villages of Ober- and Stiftlutter (also Stift Lutter) were incorporated into Königslutter. Another major incorporation took place in 1974 when the 17 districts of Beienrode, Boimstorf, Bornum am Elm, Glentorf, Groß Steinum, Klein Steimke, Lauingen, Lelm, Ochsendorf, Rhode, Rieseberg, Rotenkamp, ​​Rottorf, Scheppau, Schickelsheim, Sunstedt and Uhry were added and the population rose to more than 16,000 inhabitants.

In 2008, Königslutter hosted the Braunschweigische Landschaft cultural festival .

Imperial Cathedral

The landmark of the place is the Kaiserdom Königslutter , the original Benedictine abbey church of St. Peter and Paul.

Emperor Lothar III. had the church building erected in 1135 as a monastery church of the Benedictine monastery he founded at the same time. The building owner, who is buried there with his wife Richenza and his son-in-law Heinrich the Proud , created a monumental church.

Equipped with many relics by the founder , the church developed into a well-known place of pilgrimage in the late Middle Ages . The main day of pilgrimage was June 29th, Peter and Paul Day as the name day of the two church saints. Pilgrims came from Lübeck, Lüneburg, the Rhineland and Thuringia.

The Kaiserdom is a cross-shaped pillar basilica , which is the first large vault north of the Harz Mountains . The sculptures by Lombard stonemasons and the cloister , which with its wealth of ornamented columns and capitals is one of the most beautiful in Germany, are worth seeing .

The almost 900 year old Kaiser-Lothar-Linde in front of the cathedral is a natural monument of supraregional importance. Their trunk circumference is 12.37 m (2015). The Kaiserdom Museum has existed in a former stonemasonry school since 1986.



The City Council of Königslutter currently consists of 30 council members. The distribution of seats since the last local election on September 11, 2016 is as follows:

City council election 2016
in percent
n. k.
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
Parties and constituencies %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 37.11 11 42.86 13
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 36.43 11 34.97 10
FDP Free Democratic Party 4.30 1 2.16 1
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 9.08 3 9.66 3
UWG Independent voter community 10.69 3 7.43 2
LEFT The left - - 2.89 1
EB Individual applicants consecration 2.36 1 - -
total 100 30th 100 30th
Voter turnout in% 57.55% 62.11%


Alexander Hoppe ( SPD ) has been mayor of Königslutter since November 1, 2011 . Hoppe won the election for mayor in 2011 with 31.32%. His opponent Martin Knof ( CDU ) achieved 31.11%, with a difference of 17 votes. On May 26, 2019, Alexander Hoppe was re-elected Mayor of the city of Königslutter.

List of Mayors:

The direct election for mayor of the city of Königslutter on May 26, 2019 is as follows:

Parties and constituencies %
Hoppe, Alexander (SPD) Social Democratic Party of Germany 57.88
Thiele, Stefan (CDU) Christian Democratic Union of Germany 42.12
total 100.00
Voter turnout in% 66.69

Königslutter village

Kurt Bötel (CDU) has been the local mayor of Königslutter since November 10, 2016.

The local council of Königslutter currently consists of eleven council members. The distribution of seats since the last local election on September 11, 2016 is as follows:

Parties and constituencies %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 35.47 4th 39.61 5
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 36.02 4th 36.06 4th
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 10.75 1 12.00 1
UWG Independent voter community 17.75 2 9.35 1
LEFT The left - - 2.96 -
total 100 11 100 11
Voter turnout in% 51.31% 56.78%


On March 14, 2013, the city council unanimously decided to start negotiations on a merger with the city of Wolfsburg . On March 13, 2013, the City Council of Wolfsburg also voted unanimously to start merger negotiations.

coat of arms

The Koenigslutter coat of arms is documented for the first time in a document dated August 10, 1470. It is probably even older and dates from between 1400 and 1409.

Coat of arms Koenigslutter.PNG

In the golden shield, a blue lion rises from the silver waves of the Lutter. It is the sovereign Welf lion in its Lüneburg form, although Königslutter did not belong to the Lüneburg part of the Welf lands.

In the meantime the lion was colored red on a white background. Perhaps the coat of arms of the city of Braunschweig served as a model. This coloring was historically unfounded, since it was not the city but the duke who granted all privileges and promoted the place.

A resolution by the Brunswick Prince Regent Albrecht of August 14, 1905 rectified the situation and set the shape and color of the coat of arms in its current form.

Church of St. Sebastian near the market square with town hall

Town twinning

Culture and sights


  • Museums of the city of Königslutter with:
    • City history museum
    • Dombauhütte
    • Museum of Mechanical Musical Instruments (MMM) and Cathedral and Steinmetzmuseum
    • Otto Klages Collection (geological private collection)
  • Geopark information center (GeoPark Harz. Braunschweiger Land. Ostfalen - Braunschweiger Land sub-area)
  • Open-air and adventure museum Ostfalen (FEMO) e. V.
  • Women's Culture Museum (founded in 2010)


Lutter source with source house

Economy and Infrastructure


The Königslutter train station building

The A 2 runs about six kilometers north of the city center and north of the Ochsendorf district . Right through Königslutter leading B1 .

The Königslutter station on the Braunschweig – Magdeburg railway line is served by DB Regio . The regional train line RB 40 runs every hour between Braunschweig Hbf (Main station) and Helmstedt , and sometimes continues to Burg (b Magdeburg) .

In addition, there are connections to nearby towns via RegioBusse.

Established businesses

The AWO Psychiatric Center is a specialist hospital the workers' welfare in the southwest of the city. It has 557 inpatient and 92 semi-inpatient places as well as 91 additional places in the clinic for forensic psychiatry . The hospital employs around 1050 people and has around 100 training places. This makes it the largest employer in the Helmstedt district. The AWO Psychiatry Center is a compulsory care provider for around 880,000 people.


Supraregional educational institutions

  • Steinmetzschule Königslutter, vocational school (since 1941 right next to the Imperial Cathedral and since 1985 in the immediate vicinity of the Steinmetzzentrum)
  • Steinmetzzentrum - training center for the stonemasonry and sculpting trade of the Braunschweig Chamber of Crafts (since 1981)

General education schools

  • Primary School Königslutter (Driebeschule)
  • Primary school Königslutter am Elm, Lauingen
  • Hauptschule and Realschule Königslutter (Wilhelm-Bode-Schule)

Other schools

  • Rudolf Dießel School
  • Thilo Maatsch School for people with learning disabilities


Catholic Church

Königslutter is the seat of a provost of the same name of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Braunschweig . The provost includes the area of Cremlingen , Königslutter, apprenticeship , Süpplingen and the surrounding area as well as the northern districts of Braunschweig. In Königslutter there is the town parish of Königslutter with the town church of St. Sebastian and St. Fabian in the city center as well as the collegiate parish of Königslutter with the collegiate church of St. Peter and Paul . Other Protestant churches are located in the districts that were incorporated into Königslutter in 1974.

The Catholic Church of St. Mary's Assumption , also called St. Mary for short , was built in 1969 on Bahnhofstrasse. Before that there was a church built in 1914. Since 2008 St. Mariä Himmelfahrt belongs to the parish of St. Ludgeri in Helmstedt.

The Evangelical Free Church Congregation Uhry ( Baptists ) with the Resurrection Chapel in the Uhry district belongs to the Federation of Evangelical Free Church Congregations .

The Free Christian Community of Betesda , based on Fallersleber Strasse, is part of the Bund Freikirchlicher Pentecostal communities .

The Jehovah's Witnesses have a Kingdom Hall on Scheppauer Weg.

Muslims from Turkey are represented by DİTİB in Bahnhofstrasse.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site

  • Georg Wilhelm Wahnschaffe (1710–1791), in Königslutter 1734–1740 “Fürstl. Herrenmüller ”and from 1737 owner of a brewery, later administrative officer and landlord
  • Gotthard Friedrich Stender (1714–1796), Lutheran clergyman, author and inventor, 1760–1763 founding rector of the secondary school in Königslutter
  • Johann Balthasar Lüderwald (1722–1796), theologian, pastor of Glentorf from 1747
  • Samuel Hahnemann (1755–1843), the founder of homeopathy , lived and worked from 1796 to 1799 in Königslutter.
  • Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Alers (1811-1891), forestry expert and writer, wrote a specialist book about the Calvörde forest.
  • Thilo Maatsch (1900–1983), Bauhaus artist, spent his twilight years in Königslutter.
  • Gordon Banks (1937-2019), 1966 football world champion with England, played for SV Viktoria Königslutter in the late 1950s.


The traditional Elm mountain gymnastics festival on the Tetzelstein has been taking place between Königslutter and Schöppenstedt since 1866 , an annual mountain sports festival , the second oldest in Germany. The "Domfest" has been taking place every summer since 1982 in the vicinity of the Kaiserdom and since 1989 the Ducksteinfest , which is sponsored by the manufacturer's brewery, on the market square . The "Viktoria Cup" has been held since 1996. The indoor soccer tournament has developed into the largest indoor soccer tournament in the Helmstedt district and takes place annually in January. The host is SV Viktoria Königslutter.


  • Jürgen Diestelmann, Wulf Schadendorf: Collegiate Church of Königslutter (= Small Art Guide for Lower Saxony , Issue 9). 6th edition. Göttingen 1985.
  • Thomas Gädeke, Martin Gosebruch : Königslutter - The Abbey of Emperor Lothar (= The Blue Books). Photos by Jutta Brothers. 3rd revised edition. Königstein im Taunus 1998, ISBN 3-7845-4822-9 .
  • City of Königslutter (ed.): 850 years of the Imperial Cathedral 1135–1985. Königslutter 1985.
  • Heinz Bruno Krieger: Elmsagen.
  • Königslutter instead of in the Topographia Braunschweig Lüneburg (Matthäus Merian) on Wikisource

Web links

Commons : Königslutter am Elm  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Königslutter  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Main statute of the city (PDF), accessed on October 28, 2014.
  3. City tour through Königslutter near the city of Königslutter
  4. ^ Tino Nowitzki: Aldi instead of city wall in Königslutter? ndr.de, December 29, 2017
  5. Königslutter: Aldi new building is about to end . ndr.de, November 21, 2018
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 272 .
  7. history koenigslutter.de; accessed on January 20, 2020
  8. ^ Kaiser-Lothar-Linde in the directory of monumental oaks . Retrieved January 31, 2017
  9. Ernst Nast: The mayors (also called mayors) of the city of Königslutter and their terms of office after the Reformation. 1999.
  10. ^ Arnold Rabbow: New Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch. Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, Meyer Verlag, Braunschweig 2003, ISBN 3-926701-59-5 , p. 107.
  11. Virtual city tour. koenigslutter.de, accessed on August 21, 2020.
  12. Portrait of the Psychiatry Center , accessed on July 31, 2015.
  13. Facts about the AWO Psychiatry Center , accessed on August 6, 2014.
  14. ^ Hugo Thielen : Culemann, (1), Friedrich Bernhard. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 119.
  15. ^ Jan-Christoph Ahrens: Kaiserdom Königslutter: Domfest on June 27, 2010; accessed on May 24, 2015