Entrance hall

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Schematic hallway (highlighted in red)

The connecting room in a house that is directly adjacent to the house entrance and from which the other interior rooms are accessible is referred to as the hallway or hallway for short . It often has the elongated floor plan of a corridor .

Types of construction and delimitation

In the case of urban tenement houses , the hallway in the actual sense establishes the connection between the house gate, staircase / lift system and any courtyard . In a corresponding way, the term apartment hallway is used in multi-storey apartment buildings for the space between the apartment door and the individual rooms .

The vestibule is a small space behind the outer door of a building, which is separated with a further door from the underlying rooms - the same is employed outside the Vorhäuschen . Often the hallway connects to a vestibule or a vestibule.

Special forms of representation are:

If the corresponding room is mobile, one speaks of a building entrance, then the hallway and staircase are often integrated into it or connected to it semi-openly.

In the areas of building law and fire protection , the term necessary hallway is important. This describes the escape route between individual rooms or usage units in the stairwell or outside. Because such regulations as those on building development in general have existed since the early modern period, the types of construction in relation to the hallway, even with traditional house systems, are strongly influenced by the respective local building regulations. In the case of multi-family houses, the corridor is necessarily used by all tenants, with house rules usually regulating the type of use more precisely, for example the storage of larger objects is often prohibited.

Regional and structural name variants

In Switzerland, Austria and in many parts of southern Germany the hallway is called a corridor , otherwise corridor is the general name for any long connecting room inside a building.

The old word Lab'n can be found in Carinthia and Styria . In Franconian it is called Ern , earlier the terms Öhrn , Aehrn or Hausährn were used throughout southern Germany . The expression Fletz (from Middle High German vletze ) was also used in the East Bavarian region .

According to the basic position of the hallway in the floor plan and thus the front door in the facade, a distinction is made between traditional types of construction such as the transverse hallway house (front door on the eaves side) and the longitudinal hallway house (door on the gable side), and the side hallway house (hallway attached to the side or integrated) and middle hallway house (house entrance in central Center of the building).

The function of the corridor and that of the stairwell are often combined with one another, the corridor leads to the staircase without separation, and this leads to an upper floor corridor .

  • The term hallway is often used as a synonym for the hallway in Low German, but it can also refer to the room with stairs that extend over several floors (see hall house and hall house ).
  • The corresponding Upper German word Vorhaus denotes the same situation; it also refers to all transitional forms between external structural access areas and those inside.

Web links

Wiktionary: Corridor  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Koepf , Günther Binding : Picture Dictionary of Architecture (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 194). 4th, revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-520-19404-X , p. 239.
  2. ^ Günther Wasmuth (Ed.): Wasmuths Lexikon der Baukunst. Berlin 1929–1932 (4 volumes). Volume 3, p. 68, Lemma Hausflur .
  3. Lab'n . Austrian open air museum. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 22, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.freilichtmuseum.at
  4. ^ Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon. Volume 15. Leipzig 1908, p. 8., source: http://www.zeno.org/nid/2000717862X
  5. ^ Otto Lueger: Lexicon of the entire technology and its auxiliary sciences. Volume 6, Stuttgart / Leipzig 1908, p. 754., Source: http://www.zeno.org/nid/20006095178
  6. ^ Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon. Volume 8. Leipzig 1907, p. 882., source: http://www.zeno.org/nid/20006749348
  7. http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Fletz