A room is a room that forms part of an apartment or a building , in particular a residential building, which is enclosed by walls , floor and ceiling , has a certain size or floor area (usually at least about 10 m²) and usually has windows ( except bathrooms , which are often windowless). As a rule, rooms that are expressly not used for residential purposes, such as storage rooms, garages , stables or ancillary rooms such as hallways , elevator shafts and the like , are not referred to as rooms .
Living space - space, room, half a room
When describing living space, the term "half a room" is often used. There is no generally accepted definition of this term.
In "DIN 283 - Sheet 1 - Apartments", introduced in March 1951 and withdrawn in 1983, "full-fledged living spaces" had at least 10 square meters and "half rooms" 6 to 10 square meters and a minimum width of 2.10 meters over 2/3 of the floor space. Kitchens with at least 12 m² were referred to as eat-in kitchens.
Especially in the period after German reunification , the use of the terms “room” and “room” could lead to some confusion when looking for an apartment. For example, some “four-room apartments” in the prefabricated building of the former GDR corresponded to “two and two-half-room apartments” according to Western terminology, as they had two rooms less than 10 m² in size for the children in addition to the rooms for living and sleeping. But also in the old building area there were and still are apartments with two "half" rooms, e.g. B. after merging a 2 and a 2-1 / 2-room apartment on one floor, since usually only one kitchen is required and one of the kitchens can be converted into living space - the result in this case would be one 4-2 / 2-room apartment.
The 2011 census on buildings and apartments in the Federal Republic of Germany, reference date May 9, 2011, no longer defines half a room. Only the term room is defined here: all habitable separate rooms of at least 6 square meters as well as closed kitchens, regardless of their size. Bathroom, toilet, hallway and utility rooms are generally not counted. A living room with a dining area, sleeping alcove or kitchenette is counted as one room. Accordingly, apartments in which there is no structural separation of individual living areas (e.g. loft apartments) consist of just one room.
Today, in addition to small rooms, the term is also used for passageways and other not fully-fledged rooms, such as storage rooms .
Regardless of this (the census is a purely statistical survey), the terms "room" (over 10 m²) and "half a room" (6– <10 m²) are still used in the housing industry, whereby kitchens are never taken into account, but definitely one A walk-through room like a “ Berlin room ” - this is relevant when looking for an apartment for the purpose of establishing a shared apartment in an old building.
In Switzerland, a maximum of half a room is counted for an apartment. Half a room counts as a kitchen-living room with a net living area of at least 12 m², floorboards or dining areas with windows to the outside and a traffic-free area of at least 6 m².
Types of rooms
Rooms are named
- according to their main purpose
- according to their location
- according to their style
- after their use
- according to their access route
- Passage room (room through which further rooms can be entered (e.g. Berlin room))
- Trapped room (room that is behind a connecting room and can only be entered or left via this)
- according to their size
- half a room
Word origins, historical and special terms
The word is derived from ahd. Zimbar 'construction wood' (compare English timber ) and originally means wooden blockwork, block house . Since this type of construction was comparatively complex, only the living space on the ground floor was often implemented in block construction. So the room was the timbered room . This meaning still lives on in the regional technical language of the carpenter in the expression room expressly only for the corner connection (the shot ) of a log building.
Terms related to the room are:
- Alcove , a separated niche in a room, with a chamber-like character
- Gaden , the room of a one-room building
- Chamber , the separated room, originally 'shed'
- Stube , the heatable room, usually the representative main living room (see also good room )
- Gemach (too leisurely ): living space in which one could withdraw from the public space, "private space"
- Kabuff : usually refers to a dark, narrow space ( Kabuff )
- Cabin : refers to a very small room in which, for example, only a bed and bedside table can be accommodated. (The word galley is traced back to the Middle Dutch kabuyse or kabuys and appears in Middle Low German in the 15th century as kabuse (see also kabuff): At that time it meant something like wooden shed as a kitchen room on board, also a small, low deckhouse for the kitchen.)
- Cabinet (from Old French cabine , Hut ', see FIG. Cabin ): The back room (historically corresponding to the back room, rear gaden , in the farmhouse the space behind the heated exchange, sleeping place of Altbauern or better servants ), the side space of a studio, of which the Expression “with kitchen and cabinet”, if one room can be kept free from sleeping and cooking area, for a “better” apartment of low standards or for “all the household items ”; then also generally the retreat in a stately apartment or a club , a room for confidential advice or a locked consultation room with the committee meeting there, such as the government cabinet
- Bower , fireplace room
- Séparée , partitioned off, screened area in a bar or restaurant
- Servants ' room, room in the farmhouse for servants
- Canton of Zurich housing subsidies
- Duden | Servants' room | Spelling, meaning, definition. Retrieved September 19, 2018 .