Calendar overview 1144
|Henry V becomes Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona .|
|1144 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||592/593 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1687/88 (southern Buddhism); 1686/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63./64. (64./65.) Cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||506/507 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||522/523 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||538/539 (July 3-4)|
|Jewish calendar||4904/05 (August 30/31)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1454/55 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1455/56 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1200/01 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- The capital of the county of Edessa (a crusader state) is conquered by the Seljuks under Zengi . That leads to the Second Crusade three years later .
- March 22nd : With the death of the furrier apprentice William von Norwich in the east of England, the ritual murder legend in medieval Europe begins .
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Brislach , Grunern , Külsheim , Schmieheim , Oer , Usch (Eifel) and Wittelbach
- Founding of Montauban by Count Alfons Jordan of Toulouse
Religion and culture
- January 9 : Pope Celestine II confirms the rules of the Knights Templar in the Bull Milites Templi .
- March 12 : Gerardus Caccianemici dal Orso , elected three days earlier, is enthroned as Pope Lucius II .
- Hartwig von Stade founds the Jerichow Premonstratensian Monastery near Genthin .
- One of the first bell with inscription poured (z. B. Parish Iggensbach ).
- Choir consecration of the Saint-Denis church , an early masterpiece of Gothic architecture
Exact date of birth unknown
- Bohemond III. ("The stutterer"), Prince of Antioch († 1201 )
- Gyergom Tshälthrim Sengge , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1204 )
- Taira no Tadanori , Japanese general († 1184 )
- William Marshal , 1st Earl of Pembroke († 1219 )
Date of death secured
- February 6 : Godebold II. , Burgrave of Würzburg (* before 1079)
- February 9th : Lambert von Neuwerk , German pilgrim, cathedral canon in Cologne, Augustinian canon in the Reichersberg monastery, provost in Neuwerk monastery, saint of the Catholic Church
- March 8th : Guido di Castello, under the name of Celestine II Pope
- March 22nd : William von Norwich , English furrier apprentice and alleged ritual murder victim (* 1132 )
- April 7th : Ulrich I , Duke of Carinthia
- April 27th : Siegfried IV. , Count of Boyneburg and Vogt of the monasteries Corvey, Bursfelde and Helmarshausen (* around 1095 )
- May 16 : Bertha von Groitzsch , German monastery donor
- May 23 : Petronilla , Countess of Holland (* around 1082 )
- July 27th : Salome von Berg , daughter of Heinrich Graf zu Berg and second wife of Boleslaw III. (* around 1099 )
Exact date of death unknown
- May 6th or 8th : Rotrou III. , Count of Le Perche
- September: Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex , English nobleman (* before 1130)
- Berengar Raimund I , Count of Provence (* 1115 )
- az-Zamachschari : Islamic Koran exegete and philologist of Persian origin (* 1075 )