The Armenian calendar (ancient Armenian era ) is a subspecies of the Egyptian calendar . Its introduction is related to the separation of the Armenian Apostolic Church from the Roman Imperial Church . It begins in the year 552 AD. The first day ( epoch ) according to the Julian calendar is July 11th, 552. Until the introduction of Christianity, August 11th, 2492 BC. (Legendary victory of King Hayk over the Babylonian King Bel).
Like the Egyptian calendar year, the Armenian calendar year is a changing year with 365 days. It consists of 12 months with 30 days each and 5 additional days . There are no leap years . As a result, the Armenian year is around 1/4 day too short compared to the solar year; compared to the Julian calendar, the days move back one day every 4 years. After 1460 years the beginning of the year runs through a Julian year, 1461 years of the Armenian calendar correspond to 1460 Julian calendar years.
The year starts with July 11th, 552 (date in the Julian calendar), that is, the 1st day of the month Nawasard in year 1 is July 11th, 552. The year numbers are usually written with Armenian numbers .
Example: ՟ԹՎ ՇԻԹ = t'vin 529 = 1080/81 AD (Շ = 500, Ի = 20, Թ = 9)
The month names are:
- William Reads Readwin Cates: Chronology . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 6 : Châtelet - Constantine . London 1910, section Era of the Armenians , p. 305–318 (English, full text [ Wikisource ] - from p. 316).
- hyeetch.nareg.com.au , based on: Grigor Brutean: Ōrac'uyc 'hayoc' . Jerevan 1997 (English)
- Lev Čerepnin: Russkaja chronologija . Moskva 1944 (Russian)
- The Armenian Calendar. ( Memento from November 25, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) kalendersysteme.de
- Nachum Dershowitz, Edward M. Reingold: Calendrical Calculations . 3. Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York 2008, ISBN 978-0-521-70238-6 , pp. 25 (English).