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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Pope Urban II at the Synod of Clermont
Pope Urban II. Invokes the
Council of Clermont
to the first crusade on.
Koloman becomes
King of Hungary .
1095 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 543/544 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1087/88
Buddhist calendar 1638/39 (southern Buddhism); 1637/38 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 63rd (64th) cycle

Year of the wood pig乙亥 ( at the beginning of the year wood dog 甲戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 457/458 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 473/474 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 487/ 488 (January 10-11. // 30-31 December.) / 489
Jewish calendar 4855/56 (2/3 September)
Coptic calendar 811/812
Malayalam calendar 270/271
Seleucid era Babylon: 1405/06 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1406/07 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1133
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1151/52 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Papal synods and the idea of ​​the crusade

  • March 1 to 5 : Around 4,000 clergy, including around 200 bishops, and 30,000 lay people take part in the Synod of Piacenza convened by Pope Urban II . With the large gathering in front of numerous ecclesiastical and secular dignitaries, Urban wants to underline his authority after the end of the investiture dispute , in particular towards the antipope Clement III, who supported Emperor Heinrich IV . and his followers. In retrospect, the most significant event of the Synod of Piacenza is the appearance of an envoy from the Byzantine emperor Alexios I , who signals that Rome is drawing closer to Byzantium. In Piacenza , the Byzantines tell of the threat to their empire from the Seljuks , remind them that Jerusalem is occupied by the Muslims and ask for help from the Latin world.
  • November 18th to 28th : The Synod of Clermont addresses the shattering of the Church and thus also of the political system in Europe as a result of the schism and the investiture dispute . In the course of the synod, Urban promulgated a series of reform laws intended to restrict the rights of secular rulers within the church. He forbids the lay investiture and the feudal oath of clergy against secular powers. In addition, Urban tightened the ordinances on celibacy , reaffirmed the ban on simony and the carrying of arms by priests, and promulgated provisions on fasting times . In addition, the ban against the adulterous King Philip I of France is confirmed.
  • November 27th : In a dramatic speech in Clermont , France , Pope Urban II calls for an " armed pilgrimage for the liberation of the Holy Places in the Holy Land ". Allegedly, the later motto of the Crusades - Deus lo vult ! ( God wants it! ) - coined. He does not speak of a " crusade " - this term only appears in the late 12th century. In a previously discussed appearance, Adhemar de Monteil , Bishop of Le Puy , who was later appointed leader of the procession, kneels in front of Urban immediately after the end of the speech and is the first to ask permission to move. Urban’s call for a crusade and for the unification of the Christian world is also a declaration of war on the antipope Clement III, who is at the imperial court . which will lose a lot of support in the next few years.

Iberian Peninsula

Henry of Burgundy, Count of Portugal

Eastern Europe

First documentary mentions



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1095

  • Adolf II , Count von Berg († 1160 )
  • Baldwin de Redvers , English nobleman who was the first to rebel against King Stephen († 1155 )
  • Heloisa , wife of the philosopher and theologian Peter Abelard and abbess of the women's convent Le Paraclet († around 1164 )
  • William III. Talvas , Count of Ponthieu, Lord of Montgommery, Count of Alençon († 1172 )


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1095  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files