Malik Shah I
, a struggle for succession in the Seljuk Empire breaks out.
|coin reform , Emperor Alexios I introduced the hyperpyron in the Byzantine Empire.|
|1092 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||540/541 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1635/36 (southern Buddhism); 1634/35 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||454/455 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||470/471 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||484/485 (February 11-12)|
|Jewish calendar||4852/53 (September 3-4)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1402/03 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1403/04 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1148/49 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 14th : Vratislav II , first King of Bohemia , dies. He is succeeded by his brother Konrad I on the throne, who has to be content with the title of prince. He died on September 6th and was inherited by his nephew Břetislav II .
- Moorish attempts to recapture Toledo fail.
- November 20 : Malik Shah I , Sultan of the Great Seljuks , is murdered by one of his wives. The reason is the disputes among the wives about the succession of the sultan. After his death, the Seljuq Empire splits into smaller states, most of which are hostile to each other. In Anatolia he is followed by Kılıç Arslan I , in Persia by Mahmud I and in Syria by his brother Tutusch I. The disunity of the Seljuq empires favors the First Crusade , which began a few years later .
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Cleve , Coffrane , Corcelles , Einbach , Finthen , Nendingen , Planig , Pliezhausen and Salenstein
Under Emperor Alexios I , a coin reform took place in the Byzantine Empire : The histamenon and tetarteron coins, which had already been completely devalued by years of gradual reduction in gold , were abolished and a new gold coin was introduced with the hyperpyron .
Religion and culture
- The Evangelistar von Arkhangelsk , an illuminated manuscript in Church Slavonic in Cyrillic script , possibly originated in the Novgorod area and is the fourth oldest known East Slavic book.
- The St. Cosmas Priory near Tours is founded.
- Fulko , Count of Anjou, King of Jerusalem, Regent in the Principality of Antioch († 1143 )
- al-Mustarschid , Abbasid Caliph († 1135 )
- Things Kunga Nyingpo , one of the "five venerable masters" of Tibetan Buddhism († 1158 )
- Ibn Zuhr , Arab doctor, surgeon and teacher in Al-Andalus († 1161 )
- around 1092: Abraham ibn Esra , scholar and Jewish writer († 1167 )
- around 1092: Jutta von Sponheim , head of the Frauenklause on the Disibodenberg († 1136 )
Date of death secured
- January 14th : Vratislav II. , Ruling prince in Bohemia, later King of Bohemia (* around 1035 )
- September 6th : Konrad I , ruling prince in Bohemia (* around 1035 )
- October 14th : Nizam al-Mulk , famous vizier under the Seljuq sultans Alp Arslan and Malik Schah (* 1018 )
- November 20 : Malik Shah I , Sultan of the Great Seljuks (* 1055 )
- November: Richard von Montfort , Lord of Montfort
Exact date of death unknown
- Bogumił , Archbishop of Gniezno
- Çaka Bey , Seljuk Bey and pirate (* around 1040 )
- Konrad II. , Count of Werl-Arnsberg (* around 1040 )
- Ermengol IV , Count of Urgell
Died around 1092
- Philaretos Brachamios , Byzantine Domestikos and Strategos, governors and imperial Kuropalates