Calendar overview 1055
Theodora III. becomes
Empress of the Byzantine Empire a second time .
|1055 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||503/504 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1598/99 (southern Buddhism); 1597/98 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||62nd (63rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||417/418 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||433/434 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||446/447 (April 1-2)|
|Jewish calendar||4815/16 (September 24/25)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1365/66 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1366/67 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1111/12 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 11th : Seventy-year-old Theodora III. becomes after the death of her brother-in-law Constantine IX. Empress of the Byzantine Empire a second time . She has Nikephoros Proteuon , who had recently been appointed heir to the throne, arrested, made a monk and banished to the monastery of Kuzenas near Magnesia on Sipylos on the subject of Thrakesion .
Holy Roman Empire
- May 23 : Ernst from Babenberg succeeds his father Adalbert the Victorious as Margrave of Austria .
- November 13 : Konrad III. nominally becomes Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona , but can not prevail against the established Eppensteiners under Markwart IV .
- Gruffydd ap Llywelyn , ruler of the Welsh Kingdom of Gwynedd , and former Earl Ælfgar allied with him attack Herefordshire and lay siege to Earl Ralph the Timid at Hereford Castle . If Ralph sidelined on October 24th, he was decisively defeated by the Welsh troops. Gruffydd conquers the town of Hereford and destroys the recently completed castle.
- Ferdinand I of Castile begins his campaign against Al-Andalus . He conquered Seia from the Christian allies of the Taifas . To revive the city, settlers from Cantabria (so-called montañeros ) settled in Zamora .
- The Almoravids under their first Emir Yahya ibn Umar take the city of Aoudaghoust in the south of Mauritania . They drive out the Zanata , who are the governors of the Empire of Ghana , and thereby gain control of the western trans-Saharan trade , especially the gold trade towards the Mediterranean.
- The Seljuk clan leader Tughrul Beg conquers Baghdad and eliminates the Buyid rule over the Abbasid caliphs . He takes Al-Malik al-Rahim caught and is it of al-Qaim to the Sultan of the Seljuks raised.
First documentary mentions
- The Liaodi Pagoda in Hebei will be completed, with 84 meters the highest ever in China built pagoda .
- April 13 : Gebhard I, Bishop of Eichstätt , is enthroned as Pope Viktor II .
- June 4th : In the church of Santa Reparata the first council of Florence in the presence of Pope Viktor II. And Emperor Heinrich III. opened.
- King Andrew I of Hungary founds the Tihany Benedictine Abbey . The certificate produced for this purpose is the first written document in Hungarian to be preserved.
Exact date of birth unknown
- Arnulf III. , Count of Flanders and Count of Hainaut († 1071 )
- Gabriel von Melitene , Armenian ruler of Melitene († 1103 )
- Malik Shah I , Sultan of the Seljuks († 1092 )
- Minamoto no Toshiyori , Japanese poet and courtier († 1129 )
Born around 1055
- Bertha of Holland , Queen of France († 1094 )
- Gruffydd ap Cynan , King of the Welsh Kingdom of Gwynedd († 1137 )
Date of death secured
- January 10 : Břetislav I , Duke of Bohemia (* around 1005 )
- January 11th : Constantine IX. , Emperor of Byzantium (* around 1000 )
- February 10 : Bruno von Waldeck , Bishop of Minden (* around 1000 )
- April 10 : Konrad II, the child , Duke of Bavaria (* 1052 )
- May 26 : Adalbert the Victorious , Margrave of Austria ( Marcha orientalis ) (* around 985 )
- November 13th : Welf III. , Duke of Carinthia, Margrave of Verona
- December 5 : Konrad I , Duke of Bavaria and Lord of Zutphen (* around 1020 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Mauger , nobleman from Normandy, Archbishop of Rouen
- Rainald II. , Count of Sens
- Rinchen Sangpo , monk of Tibetan Buddhism and translator of Buddhist scriptures (* 958 )