Calendar overview 1005
Malcolm II becomes
King of Scotland .
Doberlug is first mentioned in a document as Dobraluh
by Thietmar von Merseburg
|1005 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||453/454 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1548/49 (southern Buddhism); 1547/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||367/368 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||395/396 (turn of the year 7/8 October)|
|Jewish calendar||4765/66 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1315/16 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1316/17 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1061/62 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- March: After ten years of fighting for the Scottish throne, Malcolm II kills his cousin Kenneth III. and his son Giric in the decisive battle of Monzievaird and thus becomes King of Scotland himself . Then Malcolm orders the murder of the other sons of Kenneths in order to get competitors from his line out of the way and to secure the line of succession of his grandson Duncan .
- After the conquest of Auxerre by King Robert II , Count Otto Wilhelm renounced the Duchy of Burgundy . But the Burgundian opposition, led by Bishop Brun von Langres , continues the fight against Robert.
Central and Eastern Europe
- The second Polish campaign is being prepared at the synod of King Henry II in Dortmund . Heinrich then moves with his army to Posen , where a peace with Bolesław Chobry is reached through mediators .
- March 31 : The Andalusian adventurer Abu Rakwa , who poses as a descendant of the Umayyads , leads a Bedouin revolt in Cyrenaica against the ruling dynasty of the Fatimids and their caliph Al Hakim . However, the attempt to conquer the regional capital Barka has failed for the time being.
First documentary mentions
- October 1st : The municipality of Arlen is given the name Arola on the occasion of the relocation of the St. Georgen Monastery from Hohentwiel to Stein am Rhein by King Heinrich II. As a gift and is thus mentioned for the first time.
- Kaifenheim and the border fortress Werben an der Elbe are first mentioned in a document.
- The village of Doberlug is first mentioned in a document as Dobraluh by Thietmar von Merseburg .
science and technology
- Fatimid caliph al-Hākim bi-amr Allāh founds the House of Wisdom in Cairo . An extensive library is being set up there and Arabic, philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, medicine and astrology are taught.
- Egilbert von Moosburg succeeds Gottschalk von Hagenau , who died on May 6, as Bishop of Freising . The previous chancellor Heinrich II met resistance in Freising .
- Dietrich II of Luxemburg succeeds Adalbero II , who died on December 14th, as Bishop of Metz .
- The collegiate church of St. Adalbert in Aachen is consecrated to St. Adalbert of Prague and St. Hermes of Rome and receives, among other things, the skull relics of the two saints.
nature and environment
- around 1005 (± 15 years): The caldera eruption at Ceboruco in today's Mexico is with VEI 6 one of the 50 largest volcanic eruptions of the Holocene .
Date of birth saved
Exact date of death unknown
- Friedrich I , Domvogt of Regensburg († 1075 )
- Macbeth , King of Scotland († 1057 )
- Suitger, Count of Morsleben and Hornburg, under the name of Clemens II Pope († 1047 )
Born around 1005
- Berengar Raimund I , Count of Barcelona, Girona and Ausona († 1035 )
- Isaac I , Emperor of the Byzantine Empire († 1061 )
Date of death secured
- March: Kenneth III. , King of Scotland
- May 6 : Gottschalk von Hagenau , Bishop of Freising
- December 14 : Adalbero II , Bishop of Verdun and Metz (* around 958 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Tóri Beinisson , figure in the Faroese saga and important actor in the Viking Age on the Faroe Islands (* 959 )
- Sigmundur Brestisson , Faroese Viking chief (* 961 )
- Einar Suðringur , one of the characters in the Faroese saga
Died around 1005
- Thorvald Eriksson , Icelandic navigator and a legend of the Icelandic sagas
- 1005/ 1006 : Emma of Bohemia , Bohemian princess
- around or after 1005: Birchtilo , Graf im Breisgau and Thurgau