Calendar overview 995
Otto III. comes of age and takes over the independent regency
as Roman-German king .
|995 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||443/444 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1538/39 (southern Buddhism); 1537/38 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||357/358 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||384/385 (turn of the year 4th / 5th February)|
|Jewish calendar||4755/56 (August 28-29)|
ab urbe condita MDCCXLVIII (1748)
Diocletian's era : 711/712 (New Year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1305/06 (April)
Syria: 1306/07 (October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1051/52 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Central and Eastern Europe
- King Otto III. holds a summer court day in Quedlinburg , and runs from mid-August to early October since the Slavs uprising of 983 held almost yearly campaigns against the north living Elbslawen continued. Otto stays in Mecklenburg as the friend and patron of the Abodrite Duke Mistislaw , who has just succeeded his father Mistiwoj . In September for a courtship of Otto III. Archbishop Johannes Philagathos and Bishop Bernward of Würzburg sent to Byzantium . After his return to the Reich, he expanded the diocese of Meissen considerably on December 6th with a privilege issued in Frankfurt and multiplied its tithe income.
- Pope John XV becomes enemies with the Roman patrician Crescentius I. Nomentanus from the family of the Crescentier and has to flee to Tuscany. He sends a cry for help to King Otto III.
Southern and Western Europe
- After strong resistance from the Beni Gómez family , the rulers of Saldana , Liebana , Carrión and Zamora , Almansor succeeds in destroying the city of Santa Maria de Carrión .
- With Kenneth II. The fourth Scottish king in a row is murdered. He is followed by his distant nephew Constantine III.
First documentary mentions
- March 31 : The city of Gera is mentioned for the first time in a border description.
- September 10th : In a document from King Otto III. Mikelenburg Castle in the village of Mecklenburg is mentioned for the first time. The place gives the whole state of Mecklenburg its future name.
- October 20 : Ströbeck is mentioned for the first time in a document.
- The city of Krems is first mentioned in a document as Chremisa : in the wording it says orientalis urbs quae dicitur Chremisa - a fortified place in the east, which is called Chremisa.
- 994/995 : The St. Viktor Abbey in front of Mainz is founded and in the presence of King Otto III. inaugurated by the Archbishop of Mainz Willigis .
- Abū Jaʿfar Muhammad ibn al-Hasan at-Tūsī , Islamic theologian and lawyer († 1067 )
- Håkon Eiriksson , Jarl and Viceroy of Norway († 1029 )
- Olav II. Haraldsson , King of Norway and Catholic saint († 1030 )
- Sigvat Tordsson , Norwegian skald († around 1047 )
- around 995: Harald II , King of Denmark († 1018 )
- around 995: Hermann II , Archbishop of Cologne († 1056 )
- around 995: Johannes Gualbertus , Florentine nobleman and Catholic saint († 1073 )
- around 995: Canute the Great , King of Denmark, Norway and England († 1035 )
Date of death secured
- January 28 : Heribert the Younger , Count of Meaux and Troyes (* around 950 )
- March 6th : Dietrich , Count Palatine of Saxony
- May 16 : Fujiwara no Michitaka , Regent of Japan (* 953 )
- May 21 : Tamba no Yasuyori , Japanese doctor (* 912 )
- June 2 : Fujiwara no Michitsuna no Haha , Japanese poet (* around 936 )
- August 27 : Gebhard , Bishop of Constance, saint (* 949 )
- August 28 : Heinrich II., The brawler , Duke of Bavaria and Carinthia (* 951 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Al-Mansur ibn Buluggin ibn Ziri , ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya
- Bernhard I , Count of Armagnac
- Bernward , Bishop of Würzburg
- Fujiwara no Michikane , Regent of Japan (* 955 or 961 )
- García Fernández , Count of Castile and Alava
- Håkon Sigurdsson , Norwegian Ladejarl, regent of Norway (* around 935 )
- Kenneth II , King of Scotland
Died around 995
- 990 /995: Mstivoj , prince of Abodrites
- Erik VIII , King of Sweden and Denmark (* around 945 )
- 995/ 998 : Ibn al-Nadim , Shiite scholar, bibliographer and bookseller