Calendar overview 996
|Austria is mentioned for the first time in the " Ostarrîchi document".|
|996 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||444/445 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1539/40 (southern Buddhism); 1538/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||358/359 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||385/386 (turn of the year January 24th / 25th)|
|Jewish calendar||4756/57 (September 16-17)|
ab urbe condita MDCCIL (1749)
Diocletian's era 712/713
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1306/07 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1307/08 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1052/53 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
- March: The 16-year-old Roman-German King Otto III. undertakes after a cry for help from Pope John XV. , who was besieged by the Roman city prefect Crescentius I Nomentanus and his party and had to leave Rome, made his first move to Italy . On the way, Otto takes on the sponsorship of Ottone Orseolo , the son of the Venetian doge Pietro II. Orseolo in Verona . In Pavia, a Roman embassy meets with Otto to discuss the successor to the now deceased Pope John XV. to negotiate. While still in Ravenna, he nominated his relative and court chaplain Brun of Carinthia as successor to the Pope and had Archbishop Willigis of Mainz and Bishop Hildebold accompany him to Rome.
- May 3 : Brun (o) of Carinthia becomes Gregory V, the first Pope from what is now German-speaking territory.
- May 21 : Otto III. is crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the new Pope Gregory V.
- The new emperor and the new pope sit because of the expulsion of John XV. on Crescentius I. Nomentanus in judgment. He is sentenced to death, but pardoned by Gregor, whereupon he Otto III. takes the oath of allegiance.
- June: Otto returns to the Reich via the Alps.
- Already at the end of September, just a few months after his pardon, Crescentius expelled Pope Gregory V from Rome and prepared the appointment of an antipope .
- After the death of Hermann I , his son Ezzo becomes Count Palatine of Lorraine . He is married to the imperial daughter Mathilde .
- October 24th : After the death of his father Hugo Capet , Robert II becomes sole ruler in France . In the same year he married Bertha von Burgundy for the second time - despite the existence of a close family relationship .
- October 13 : After the death of al-ʿAzīz , his underage son al-Hākim bi-amr Allāh becomes caliph of the Fatimids in Egypt . Al-Hākim's teacher Bardjawan prevents his older sister Sitt al-Mulk from attempting to overthrow . However, the Berber Hassan ibn Ammar al-Kutami becomes regent and de facto ruler .
First documentary mentions and city rights
- Otto III. gives Freising the market law . The document also mentions a donation to the Bishop of Freising of some land in the Neuhofen an der Ybbs region in regione vulgari vocabulo Ostarrîchi . This is considered to be the first mention of Austria .
- First written mention of Driel , Hardheim and Büchenbach .
science and technology
- Under the reign of King Otto III. In the Holy Roman Empire, the birth of Christ becomes the year 1 of a new era “after the birth of Christ” (Latin anno Domini “in the year of the Lord”). This was based on a suggestion made by Dionysius Exiguus as early as the sixth century to update the Christian calculation of Easter.
- January 6th : Rainald I , Count of Sens
- March: John XV. , Pope
- 25 / July 27 : Liutold , Bishop of Augsburg
- October 13 : Abū Mansūr al-ʿAzīz bi-Llāh Nizār ibn al-Muʿizz , Caliph of the Fatimids (* 955 )
- October 24 : Hugh Capet , King of France (* 940 / 941 )
- November 20 : Richard I , first Duke of Normandy (* around 935 )
- November 25th : Hildeward , Bishop of Halberstadt