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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The first mention of Lithuania in the Quedlinburg annals
Lithuania is in the Quedlinburg Annals
first mentioned in a document .
1009 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 457/458 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1001/02
Buddhist calendar 1552/53 (southern Buddhism); 1551/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 61st (62nd) cycle

Year of the Earth-Rooster己酉 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Monkey 戊申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 371/372 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 387/388
Islamic calendar 399/400 (turn of the year 24/25 August)
Jewish calendar 4769/70 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 725/726
Malayalam calendar 184/185
Seleucid era Babylon: 1319/20 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1320/21 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1047
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1065/66 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

South East Asia

Statue of Lý Thái Tổ at Hồ Hoàn Kiếm in Hanoi

In Vietnam , the Lý dynasty comes to power. It replaces the earlier Lê dynasty , whose last representative Lê Ngọa Triều perished under mysterious circumstances. The founder of the new dynasty and first emperor of the Reichi Cồ Việt empire is Lý Thái Tổ , a commander-in-chief of the guards from a humble background, who is enthroned by the influential imperial official Đào Cam Mộc and the monk Lý Vạn Hạnh.


King Mokjong is overthrown and murdered on March 2nd on his way into exile. He is succeeded to the throne of the Korean Kingdom of Goryeo by his distant relative Hyeonjong . The Khitan emperor of the Liao dynasty exploits the domestic political difficulties and invades the Goryeo empire from the northwest, with the result that the newly crowned king has to leave the capital Kaesang and flee to Naju in the southwest of the country.


  • March: With the demolition of the Orthodox Church of Our Lady of Damascus, the destruction of church buildings and monasteries by Al-Hākim bi-amr Allāh , caliph of the Fatimids ruling in North Africa and Syria, begins .
Reconstruction of the original Church of the Holy Sepulcher
  • between August 31 and October 18 : Al-Hākim bi-amr Allāh has the Christian Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem destroyed. According to Christian tradition, the miracle of light that took place there on Holy Saturday aroused the caliph's disapproval as a pious fraud and influenced his decision to demolish it. The Patriarch of Jerusalem will be informed in good time about the decision of the caliph, which is why most of the relics and movable church treasures can be brought to safety in good time and ultimately only the old Constantinian building as such will be destroyed. In particular, the rock grave , which was still largely intact at that time, was demolished. The event triggers such horror that the reverberation quickly reaches the West and there, too, triggers an undreamt-of wave of indignation.

Southern Italy

Northern Italy

After the death of Pietro II Orseolo , his son Ottone Orseolo was elected Doge of Venice at the age of 16 .

Iberian Peninsula

Muhammad II. Al-Mahdi , grandson of the former caliph Abd ar-Rahman III. , organizes an uprising in Cordoba and forces Hisham II to abdicate as Caliph of Cordoba , during whose general Abd ar-Rahman Sanchuelo is on a campaign against the Kingdom of León . Abd ar-Rahman Sanchuelo immediately makes his way back, but is abandoned by his own army, captured and executed on March 3rd . Muhammad II al-Mahdi becomes the new caliph. However, after he drove the Berber troops recruited under Almansor from Córdoba in June , they began an uprising and beat the troops of the caliphate on November 5th outside the city gates. They install Sulayman al-Mustain as the new caliph, Muhammad II flees to Toledo .

Central Europe

Margrave Hermann I in Naumburg Cathedral
  • Hermann I of the Ekkehardin family becomes Margrave of Meißen after his uncle Gunzelin was deposed and imprisoned in a prince's court in Merseburg at the behest of King Heinrich II , for allegedly selling Christian families into slavery to Jewish oriental traders.
  • Heinrich V , who rose up against his brother-in-law, the Roman-German King Heinrich II. , Was deposed as Duke of Bavaria by him . Heinrich II. Takes over as Heinrich VI. even the ducal dignity of Bavaria.

Northern Europe

First documentary mentions

Rochlitz Castle from the east




  • March 6th : Rethar dies. Already on March 13 is in the Palatinate to Goslar by the Mainzer archbishop Willigis the former chaplain My work as his successor as Bishop of Paderborn consecrated. The reconstruction of the Paderborn Cathedral , which had progressed up to window height, was put down when Meinwerk took office and replaced by a three-aisled basilica.
  • after May: Pope John XVIII. dies withdrawn as a monk in the monastery of San Paolo fuori le Mura . He is succeeded by Sergius IV , the previous Bishop of Albano . He is under the influence of the Roman patrician John II. Crescentius . Allegedly he is the first Pope to call for the Muslims to be expelled from the Holy Land after the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is destroyed.
  • August 28 or 29 : The Mainz Cathedral is destroyed by fire on the day of inauguration. The reason for this is probably the festive illumination of the cathedral by means of torches on the occasion of the consecration day.
Abbaye Saint-Martin du Canigou



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1009


Fresco from the Święty Krzyż Monastery (Poland): beheaded Brun von Querfurt

Web links

Commons : 1009  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files