Boleslaw I. Chrobry of Poland
receives Lusatia as an imperial fief.
|1013 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||461/462 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1556/57 (southern Buddhism); 1555/56 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||61st (62nd) cycle , year of the water-buffalo癸丑 ( at the beginning of the year water-rat 壬子)|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||375/376 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||403/404 (turn of the year 12/13 July)|
|Jewish calendar||4773/74 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1323/24 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1324/25 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1069/70 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
King Sven Forkbeard of Denmark conquers England and until his death on February 3, 1014 also king of England after the Anglo-Saxon king Æthelred II. In the Normandy fled. With this he lays the foundation stone for the Anglo-Scandinavian Empire that existed until 1042 . To secure his power, he married his son Canute to the English noblewoman Ælfgifu of Northampton .
- April 19 : After Hisham II was probably killed by Berbers after the conquest of the city of Cordoba , Sulaiman al-Mustain prevailed once again as Caliph of Cordoba . However, a consolidation of his rule fails. Among other things, Zāwī ibn Zīrī founded their own independent dynasty, the Zirids of Granada , who represented their own interests in the Muslim power struggles. Several Taifa kingdoms arise.
Central and Eastern Europe
- January 6th : In Allstedt, a Polish delegation announces the arrival of the Polish Crown Prince Mieszko II Lambert to the East Franconian-German King Heinrich II , who is to negotiate a peace.
- Beginning of February: Soon after Unwan's archbishop's ordination in Magdeburg to the mass of the Virgin Mary on February 2nd, Mieszko II. Lambert is received by King Heinrich II in Magdeburg. Mieszko takes the oath of loyalty and presents rich gifts, whereupon Henry II makes peace with him. Henry II gives royal orders that the Polish King Boleslaw I Chrobry must appear before him because of a final peace agreement.
- May 23 : Heinrich II receives Boleslaw from Poland in Merseburg . After the attacks of July 1002 in Merseburg, he was only ready to come after high-ranking hostages had been placed.
- May 24th : Boleslaw of Poland takes the oath of fief to Henry II in Merseburg and walks ahead of the East Frankish-German king as a sword-bearer when he goes to church for the coronation. Duke Oldřich of Bohemia is enfeoffed with the Duchy of Bohemia by Heinrich II. Envoys from the Liutizen also appeared .
- May 25 : Heinrich II enfeoffs Boleslaw of Poland with the ( Lower ) Lusatia and the Milzenerland (today's Upper Lusatia ). Through this and through rich gifts from Boleslaw the peace of Merseburg was sealed.
Fatimid Empire in North Africa and Syria
- Al-Jardjarai , secretary of the Cairo police chief, is accused of infidelity after opening letters from the secret service and has both hands cut off. However, Caliph al-Hakim from the Fatimid dynasty soon regretted this severe punishment, took al-Jardjarai back into the palace and gave him high offices.
First documentary mentions
- Barfelde is first mentioned in a document as Berivilti . At the same time, the later district of Eitzum has its first documentary mention as Eizem .
- Bischberg is first mentioned in a document as Biscoffesberge .
- Germershausen is first mentioned in a document.
- Gissigheim is first mentioned in a document from the Amorbach monastery .
Religion and culture
- February 2 : The chaplain of Heinrich II. Unwan from the Immedinger dynasty is consecrated by Archbishop Gero as Archbishop of Hamburg and Bishop of Bremen by order of the king and rejecting the election of the cathedral chapter of Hamburg-Bremen in Magdeburg and thus follows on Libentius I died on January 4th . He introduced the Institutiones Aquisgranenses in all the canons of his diocese .
- June 4th : Because of his rejection of the monastery reform of Gorze , which was partly forcibly introduced by Heinrich II , Branthog is deposed as abbot of the Fulda monastery by Archbishop Erkanbald of Mainz . He then goes with some of the monks to Halberstadt , where they are taken in by Bishop Arnulf and sent on to the new Ilsenburg monastery in the Harz Mountains . Poppo , at that time already Abbot of Lorsch , also becomes the new Abbot of Fulda at the same time.
- After Christian's death in September, Berengar becomes Bishop of Passau .
- Poppo von Stablo becomes prior of the Abbey of Saint-Vaast near Arras.
- The hermit Antonij settles on the bank of the Dnieper in a Varangian cave, where the Kiev- Pechersk Lavra will later be built.
Date of birth saved
- May 28 : Abū l-Walīd Sulaimān ibn Chalaf al-Bādschī , Arabic hadith scholar, legal theorist and poet in al-Andalus († 1081 )
- July 18 : Hermann von Reichenau , German monk, historian, writer, composer, mathematician and astronomer († 1054 )
- September 22 : Ryksa of Poland , Queen of Hungary († 1075 )
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1013
Date of death secured
- January 4th : Libentius I , Archbishop of Bremen
- April 19 : Hisham II , Caliph of Cordoba (* 966 )
- June 1st : Alapold , first abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Münsterschwarzach after the time of the commendate abbots
Exact date of death unknown
- September: Christian , Bishop of Passau
- Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭaiyib al-Bāqillānī , Islamic theologian
- Abulcasis , Andalusian-Arab doctor and scientist (* 936 )
- Reginar IV. , Count of Mons (* after 947)
- Samuel ben Chofni , head of the Jewish Academy of Surah, Bible translator and commentator