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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Bishop Heribert in the Pontifical Gundekarianum
Heribert , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt , dies.
Edward the Confessor
Edward the Confessor becomes
King of England .
Gold histamenon of Zoe and Theodora III.  1042
Zoe and Theodora III. briefly become
empresses of the Byzantine Empire .
1042 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 490/491 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1034/35
Buddhist calendar 1585/86 (southern Buddhism); 1584/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 62nd (63rd) cycle

Year of the water horse壬午 ( at the beginning of the year metal snake 辛巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 404/405 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 420/421 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 433/434 (August 20-21)
Jewish calendar 4802/03 (September 17/18)
Coptic calendar 758/759
Malayalam calendar 217/218
Seleucid era Babylon: 1352/53 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1353/54 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1080
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1098/99 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Byzantine Empire

Mosaic of Constantine IX. and Empress Zoë

The Byzantine Emperor Michael V , whose relationship with his adoptive mother Zoe was initially good after his accession to the throne last year, soon developed a deep dislike for her. According to contemporary sources, he is enraged by the fact that Zoe is formally above him and first mentioned in proclamations. On 18 / April 19 , he banished Zoe therefore in a monastery. However, the announcement of this decision led to a popular uprising on April 21st , as the population refused to accept the deportation of the legitimate empress. Michael is deposed, blinded and put in a monastery, where he dies on August 24th . After Michael's dismissal, Zoe and her sister Theodora III. destined to be empress. Theodora's reign ended on June 11th when Zoe Konstantin IX. Monomachus marries, who then takes over government affairs with her.

In the same year Georgios Maniakes , whom he had named Katepan of Italy , revolted . Maniakes is proclaimed emperor by his troops, including the Norman Varangian Guard , who supported him in the fight against the Arabs in Sicily in 1037 , and marches on the capital .

England / Scandinavia

Edvvard Rex (King Edward), depiction on the
Bayeux Tapestry

Hardiknut , King of England and Denmark , drinks himself to death at a wedding on June 8th . Since he did not set any accents during his reign, the lofty plans of his father Knut the Great for a long-lived Anglo-Scandinavian family dynasty ruling over Scandinavia and England also die with him . Hardiknut's successor as King of England is his half-brother, Eduard the Confessor , who has been involved in government affairs since the previous year . There is no suitable successor in Denmark. This power vacuum is filled by King Magnus I of Norway , who takes power in the Scandinavian country and subsequently also claims to rule over England.

Holy Roman Empire

In February, the Roman-German King Heinrich III. bypassing the tribe's right to vote, the Duchy of Bavaria , which he had previously administered himself for 15 years, to Heinrich II of Luxembourg . The non-tribal duke is therefore heavily dependent on the king.


Taifa Empire Seville under the Abbadids

In the Taifa Kingdom of Seville dies Abbad I. , the first ruler of the dynasty of Abbadids . He is succeeded by his son Abbad II al-Mu'tadid , who will expand his sphere of rule considerably in the following years.


Diocese of Eichstätt

Bishop Gezemann in the Pontifical Gundekarianum

Heribert , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt , dies on July 24th near Freising after 20 years of rule . Apparently he planned to move the bishopric to Neuburg an der Donau . He even wanted to transfer the bones of the diocese's founder Willibald there . Henry III. and the diocese of Augsburg prevent Neuburg from coming into Heribert's possession. According to Anonymous von Herrieden , the disappointment leads to Heribert's death on the way back from the imperial court. Emperor Heinrich III named his successor. at the intercession of Bishop Bruno von Würzburg Heribert's brother Gezemann . Gezemann and Bruno consecrate the church of the St. Walburg Monastery together on October 14th . Gezemann dies three days later and is buried by Bishop Bruno next to his brother in the cathedral. The 20-year-old Gebhard I is appointed as his successor, but he does not go to Eichstätt, but as Heinrich III's secretary. remains at the imperial court.

Diocese of Münster

Hermann I , Bishop of Münster , dies 10 years after taking office on July 22nd . Rudbert is his successor . Nothing is known about its origin.



Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

  • Abbad I , founder and namesake of the Islamic Abbadid dynasty in Seville
  • Friedrich I , Count of Goseck, Count of Merseburg and Count Palatine of Saxony
  • Irmingard von Verdun , Countess von Hammerstein, in the Wetterau and in Engersgau (* around 975 )

Web links

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