Calendar overview 1118
|John II ascends the throne of Byzantium .|
|1118 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||566/567 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1661/62 (southern Buddhism); 1660/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||480/481 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||496/497 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||511/512 (April 23/24)|
|Jewish calendar||4878/79 (September 18-19)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1428/29 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1429/30 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1174/75 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- April 5 : After the death of Sultan Muhammad I. Tapar , his son Mahmud II and his brother Ahmad Sandjar disputes over the throne in the Seljuk Empire .
- August 6 : Al-Mustarshid , after the death of his father al-Mustazhir bi-'llah 29th Caliph of the Abbasid . Like its predecessors, it is temporarily under the rule of the Seljuks .
- April 2nd : After the childless death of Baldwin I , his cousin Baldwin von Bourcq , previously Count of Edessa, becomes King of Jerusalem . The county of Edessa takes over his cousin Joscelin von Courtenay .
- around 1118: Nine French crusaders , among them Hugo von Payns and Gottfried von Saint-Omer , found the "Poor Knighthood of Christ from the Temple of Solomon" (Knights Templar ) in Jerusalem .
- August 15 : After the death of Alexios I from the ruling dynasty of the Comnenes , his eldest son John II succeeds him to the throne of the Byzantine Empire . His older sister Anna Komnena , who would like to see her husband Nikephoros Bryennios on the throne, conspires with her mother Irene Dukaina against the new emperor that same year . The conspiracy fails, however, also because Nikephoros himself refuses an accession to the throne. Anna and Irene are banished to a monastery and their property confiscated. Johannes rewards his supporters with titular posts, his childhood friend Johannes Axuch becomes Commander-in-Chief of the Army.
- January 24th : Three days after the death of Pope Paschal II , John of Gaeta is elected as his successor without the banished Emperor Heinrich V being included in the election process. The new Pope takes the name Gelasius II . The emperor immediately rushed to Rome to assert his claims, but Gelasius II fled to his hometown of Gaeta , where he received the papal ordinations on March 10th .
- March 8 : Maurice Bourdin is elected antipope at the instigation of Emperor Henry V and chooses the name Gregory VIII.
- At the Synod of Fritzlar , the papal ban against Emperor Heinrich V was renewed and Prince-Bishop Otto von Bamberg was relieved of his office because of his allegiance to the emperor in the investiture dispute . Norbert von Xanten , who later founded the Premonstratensian Order and later Archbishop of Magdeburg , successfully defended himself against accusations of heresy .
- December 18th : The army of Alfonso I conquers the city of Saragossa, held by the Almoravids , as part of the Reconquista after a long siege . The king determined the place to be the new capital of Aragon . From then on, the city remained in Christian hands. Settlers in the recaptured areas receive special rights. The Taifa of Saragossa will end for good. The former Emir Abd al-Malik Imad ad-Daula is tolerated in his Rueda fortress .
Other events in Western and Central Europe
- Ordelafo Faliero is killed in the battle of Zadar against the Hungarians. To succeed him as Doge of Venice is Domenico Michele selected.
- The Kingdom of Thomond in western Ireland is established.
- The 14-year war breaks out between Pisa and Genoa . The two maritime republics are fighting for maritime supremacy and both claim supreme power over the islands of Corsica and Sardinia . The reason for the war is a papal edict that gives the Pisan Church supremacy over Corsica.
First documentary mentions
- The city of Zwickau ( Zcwickaw ) is first mentioned in a document, as is the city of Wolfenbüttel (as Wulferesbutle ).
science and technology
- The Persian astronomer and physicist Al-Khazini created on Observatory in Nishapur ( Iran , founded in 1074 ) a star catalog .
Date of birth saved
- November 28 : Manuel I. Komnenus , Byzantine emperor († 1180 )
- December 21 : Thomas Becket , English Lord Chancellor and Archbishop of Canterbury († 1170 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gyeltsha Rinchen Gön , Tibetan Buddhist († 1195 )
- Heinrich I , provost of the Berchtesgaden monastery († 1195 )
- Nur ad-Din , ruler of Syria († 1174 )
- Gualdim Pais , Portuguese crusader († 1195 )
- Ahmed Rifai , Islamic mystic and founder of the Rifai order († 1182 )
- Roger III , Duke of Apulia († 1149 )
- Hartwig I. von Stade , Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen († 1168 )
- Saigyō , Japanese poet and monk († 1190 )
- Taira no Kiyomori , Japanese general († 1181 )
Date of death secured
- January 21 : Paschal II , Pope
- March 19 : Burchard von Holte , Bishop of Munster
- April 2 : Baldwin of Boulogne , Count of Verdun, a leader of the First Crusade, Count of Edessa, later King of Jerusalem (* after 1060)
- April 5 : Muhammad I. Tapar , Sultan of the Great Seljuks (* 1082 )
- April 18 : Adelheid of Savona , countess and regent of Sicily and Queen of Jerusalem (* 1072 )
- April 18 : Wilhelm , Count of Évreux
- May 1st : Edith of Scotland , first wife of the English King Henry I (* around 1080 )
- June 5 : Robert I , Count of Meulan (* between 1040 and 1050 )
- July 7th : Florentius of Worcester , English Benedictine monk and chronicler
- July 22nd : Hermann von Spanheim , Count of Spanheim and Burgrave of Magdeburg
- August 6 : Al-Mustazhir , Abbasid caliph (* 1078 )
- August 15 : Alexios I Komnenos , Byzantine Emperor (* 1057 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Anseau de Garlande , Seneschal of France
- Ordelafo Faliero , Doge of Venice
- Arnulf von Chocques , cleric, participant in the First Crusade and Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
- Gissur Ísleifsson , Bishop of Iceland (* 1042 )
- Neusurpa Yeshe Bar , Tibetan Buddhist (* 1042 )
- Philip , King of Sweden
Died around 1118
- Milon II , lord of Montlhéry