Calendar overview 1121
|David the Builder destroy a numerically far superior army of the Seljuks in the Battle of Didgori .|
|1121 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||569/570 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1664/65 (southern Buddhism); 1663/64 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||483/484 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||499/500 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||514/515 (March 21/22)|
|Jewish calendar||4881/82 (September 14/15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1431/32 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1432/33 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1177/78 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- April 22nd: Antipope Gregory VIII is captured in Sutri, handed over to Pope Calixt II and taken through Rome in a mocking procession . He remains in prison until his death.
- August 12: A Georgian army under King David the Builder and his son Demetre annihilate a numerically superior army of the Seljuks under Ilghazi , the emir of Mardin and Aleppo, in the battle of the Didgori . The outcome of the battle enabled the retaking of Tbilisi and large parts of the Caucasus that were previously under Islamic domination. The victory, which contemporaries praised as a supernatural miracle, established the medieval heyday of Georgia and still occupies an important place in Georgian identity today.
- December 11th: al-Afdal Shahanshah , vizier in the Fatimid Empire, who as regent exercises absolute control over the empire, is assassinated on behalf of Caliph al-Amir . Officially, the murder was charged with a Nizarite assassination squad.
First documentary mentions
- June 5th: Brandis is first mentioned in a document. With the document, Archbishop Rüdiger von Magdeburg confirms that he has donated the Brandis town church to the Neuwerk monastery .
- October 18: The place Wernigerode and with it the County of Wernigerode are mentioned as such for the first time under Count Adalbert.
- Ticino near Rostock is first mentioned in a document.
- The Přimda Castle is first mentioned in a document.
Science and culture
- The Tibetan monastery Daglha Gampo is founded by Gampopa , a disciple of Milarepa , in Dagpo and is the ancestral monastery of the Dagpo-Kagyu branch.
- March or April: At the Council of Soissons , a provincial synod , a work by the philosopher and theologian Peter Abelard , his book on the Holy Trinity , is branded as heretical and delivered to the fire.
- In the year after the foundation of the Premonstratensian Order , the founder of the order Norbert von Xanten, on his way from Cologne to Prémontré, returns to Gottfried , the Count of Namur , and his wife Ermesinde in their castle in Namur with the relics intended for the new church in Prémontré . His character impressed his two hosts so much that they asked him to found a house of his order in the nearby village of Floreffe . The donation agreement for a church and usable buildings for the Floreffe Abbey is signed on November 27th.
- The Foigny Abbey , the monastery L'Aumône and the monastery Chaloché be established. All three belong to the Cistercian order .
Exact date of birth unknown
- Margaret de Bohun , English nobleman
- Chōgen , Japanese monk († 1206)
- Se Chilbupa Chökyi Gyeltshen , clergyman of Tibetan Buddhism († 1189)
Born around 1121
- Afzal ad-Dīn Ibrāhīm Badīl ibn ʿAlī ibn ʿUsmān Chāqānī Schirvānī , also Chaqani , Persian poet and traveler (d. 1190)
- Henri de France, duc de Reims , Bishop of Beauvais, Archbishop and Duke of Reims and Peer of France († 1175)
- Uhtred, Lord of Galloway , Scottish magnate († 1174)
Date of death secured
- January 6th: Erminold , Benedictine abbot in the convent near Regensburg
- February 22nd: Werner IV. "Von Grüningen" , Count of Maden, Count of Neckargau and Burgrave of Worms (* around 1060)
- August 7th: Ulrich I of Passau , founder of the monastery and bishop of the Diocese of Passau (* around 1027)
- December 13: Ulrich von Eppenstein , Abbot of St. Gallen and Patriarch of Aquileia (* around 1055)
- 28./30. December: Erlung , Bishop of Würzburg
Exact date of death unknown
- al-Afdal Shahanshah , as vizier regent of the Fatimids (* around 1066)
- Al-Tughrai , Persian doctor, poet and alchemist (* 1061)
- Wilhelm von Champeaux , French philosopher and bishop of Châlons (* around 1070)
- Zhou Bangyan , Chinese poet and civil servant, director of the Music Department (* 1056)