Calendar overview 1131
|After the death of his uncle, Béla II becomes King of Hungary and, as Bela I, King of Croatia , Dalmatia and Rama .|
|1131 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||579/580 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1674/75 (southern Buddhism); 1673/74 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||493/494 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||509/510 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||525/526 (November 22-23)|
|Jewish calendar||4891/92 (23/24 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1441/42 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1442/43 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1187/88 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- Raimund Berengar IV. Follows his late father Raimund Berengar III. as Count of Barcelona , Girona , Osona , Besalú and Cerdanya . His younger brother Berengar Raimund I received Provence .
- Tashfin ibn Ali ibn Yusuf captured the castle of Aceca south of Toledo . The Almoravid governor of Valencia defeats an army of Aragon and kills Gaston IV. De Bearne .
- January 7th: Knud Lavard , Duke of Schleswig , is slain as a potential rival for the Danish throne at a meeting with Magnus the Strong , the son of King Niels , near Ringsted .
Central Europe / Balkans
- After the death of his uncle, Béla II becomes King of Hungary and, as Bela I, King of Croatia , Dalmatia and Rama .
Middle East / North Africa
- August 21: After the death of Baldwin II , his eldest daughter Melisende and her husband Fulko V of Anjou become Queen and King of Jerusalem . The coronation will take place on September 14th. Right at the beginning of their rule, the two have to assert themselves against revolting vassals. Melisende's sister Alice tries to gain rule over the principality of Antioch , but Fulko can assert himself militarily against her comrade Pons of Tripoli and secures rule over Antioch as regent for Alice's daughter Konstanze .
- After his appointment as vizier of the Fatimid Empire , Kutaifat consistently eliminates all opponents. He took the step to absolute power with the capture of the Prince Regent al-Hafiz and his appointment as deputy to the absent - and probably already murdered - Imam Abū l-Qāsim at-Taiyib . On December 8th, he was murdered by ten conspirators while on horseback. Al-Hafiz is released from prison and once again proclaimed regent.
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Grenchen , Heere , Jegenstorf , Seedorf BE , Trachselwald , Wallefeld , Wipperfürth , Waldbröl , Uelsen and Zernez
- May 9: Walter de Clare founds Tintern Abbey in Wye Valley, Wales .
- October: Pope Innocent II , who was expelled from Rome by Antipope Anaclet II , seeks support for his position at the Council of Reims .
- December 25th: Bruno II von Berg becomes Archbishop of Cologne .
Date of birth saved
- January 14: Waldemar I , the Great, King of Denmark († 1182)
- November 8th: Myeongjong , 19th King of the Korean Goryeo Empire († 1202)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Balduin III. , King of Jerusalem, regent in the Principality of Antioch and in the County of Tripoli († 1162)
- Ladislaus II , Hungarian rival king († 1163)
Date of death secured
- January 7th: Knud Lavard , Jarl in South Jutland and first Duke of Schleswig (* 1096)
- February 6: Gottfried , Count of Calw and Count Palatine near the Rhine
- April 3: Stephan II , King of Hungary, King of Croatia and Dalmatia (* around 1101)
- August 21: Baldwin of Bourcq , King of Jerusalem and Count of Edessa (* before 1080)
- September 10: Mahmud II , Seljuks Sultan (* 1104/05)
- October 8th: Hiltebold , Bishop of Gurk
- October 13: Philip , King of France (* 1116)
- October 25: Friedrich I. von Schwarzenburg , Archbishop of Cologne (* around 1075/78)
- December 4: Omar Chajjam , Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher and poet (* 1048)
- December 8th: Kutaifat , vizier and informal ruler in the Fatimid Empire
Exact date of death unknown
- Elisabeth von Vermandois , French nobleman (* around 1085)
- Gaston IV. De Bearne , Burgrave of Béarn, Lord of Barbastro, Lord of Saragossa, participant in the first crusade and participant in the Reconquista (* before 1074)
- Hugo V , Earl of Maine
- Joscelin I , Count of Edessa
- Ramon Berenguer III. , Count of Barcelona, Girona, Osona, Besalú, Cerdanya and Provence (* 1082)
- William de Londres , Anglo-Norman nobleman