Calendar overview 1130
Sicily is raised to a kingdom by the antipope Anaclet II , and Roger II is crowned first king.
|1130 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||578/579 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1673/74 (southern Buddhism); 1672/73 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||492/493 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||508/509 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||524/525 (December 3-4)|
|Jewish calendar||4890/91 (September 5-6)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1440/41 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1441/42 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1186/87 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- March 26th : After the death of Sigurd I , his son Magnus IV and his brother Harald IV become kings of Norway together .
- Sicily is raised to a kingdom by the antipope Anaclet II . Roger II is crowned first king in Palermo at Christmas .
- October 7 : al-Amir is assassinated by his cousin al-Hafiz . This follows him as Prince Regent on the throne. The son of his cousin, Abū l-Qāsim at-Taiyib , who was just a few months old , the legitimate successor to the eleventh caliph of the Fatimids and the twenty-first imam of the Shia of the Hafizi Ismailis , he lets disappear, which leads to a further division of the Shia. On October 21, the military forced him to appoint Abu Ali Ahmad ibn al-Afdal, known as Kutaifat , as a vizier . Kutaifat immediately brings all state functions necessary for the unrestricted exercise of power into his power and has all opponents of his family executed.
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Altbüron , Boppelsen , Büron , Dänikon , Gnodstadt , Münchingen , Rothenburg (Switzerland) , Signau and Worb
- Landsberg Castle is first mentioned in a document.
Religion and culture
Pope election and schism
- February 13 : Pope Honorius II dies after a five-year pontificate. The election of the two Popes Anaclet II and Innocent II in Rome the following day triggers a schism that will last for several years . Although Innocent II was chosen by the minority, he prevailed against Anaclet II in the following years because he had the imperial party on his side.
- March 14th : After the death of Berthold I von Alvensleben , Bernhard I , previously director of the Hildesheim Cathedral School , succeeds him as Bishop of Hildesheim .
- October 1 : After the death of Meginher von Falmagne , the chair of the Archbishop of Trier remains orphaned for a year and a half.
- The Council of Clermont forbids clerics to practice medicine (cf. monastery medicine ) without any notable success .
Historical maps and views
Exact date of birth unknown
- Amadeus II , Lord of Montfaucon and Count of Mömpelgard († 1195 )
- Beatrix von Rethel , Queen of Sicily († 1185 )
- Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke , English military leader, known as Strongbow († 1176 )
- Euphrosina of Kiev , Queen of Hungary († 1186 )
- Géza II , King of Hungary, King of Croatia, Dalmatia and Rama († 1162 )
- Zhu Xi , Neoconfucian († 1200 )
Born around 1130
- Philipp I von Heinsberg , Archbishop of Cologne and Arch Chancellor of Italy († 1191 )
- Rosalia , patron saint of Palermo († 1166 )
- William of Tire , Archbishop of Tire, Chancellor of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and chronicler († 1186 )
First half of the year
- January 3 : Burchard , Bishop of Cambrai
- January 7th : Balderich von Bourgueil , French abbot, bishop, writer and poet (* 1046 )
- February 13 : Lamberto Scannabecchi, under the name of Honorius II Pope (* around 1060 )
- March 1st : Wenceslas I , Duke of Olomouc (* 1107 )
- March 14th : Berthold I. von Alvensleben , Bishop of Hildesheim
- March 15th : Udo IV. Von Stade , Margrave of the Nordmark
- March 26 : Sigurd I , with his brothers Olav and Øystein Norwegian king (* around 1090 )
- March 30th : Diemut von Wessobrunn , Catholic nun, recluse and illuminator (* around 1060 )
- May 15 : Isidore of Madrid , saint of the Roman Catholic Church (* around 1070 )
Second half of the year
- August 19 : Bartholomäus von Simeri , Greek monk, monastery founder, saint (* after 1050)
- August 20 : Ibn Tumart , missionary and founder of the Almohad movement (* 1077 )
- October 1 : Meginher von Vianden , Archbishop of Trier (* around 1070 )
- October 7th : Hermann II , Lord in Baden, Count of Breisgau and Margrave of Verona (* around 1060 )
- October 7th : Al-Amir , Caliph of the Fatimids (* 1096 )
- October 16 : Pedro González de Lara , Castilian nobleman
- November 11th : Theresa of León , countess, regent and queen of Portugal (* 1080 )
- November 13th : Adolf I , Count of Schauenburg and Count of Holstein (* before 1106)
Exact date of death unknown
- Bohemond II , prince of Antioch and Taranto (* 1108 )
- Burchard I. von Loccum , Count of Loccum, Count in the south of Ambergau and Vogt von Gandersheim and Clus (* around 1090 )
- Thomas de Coucy , Lord of Coucy, Marle, Vervins, Pinon, La Fère and Boves (* around 1073 )
- Symeon of Durham , English chronicler (* around 1060 )
- Ismail al-Ajami , leader of the Syrian Nizarites
- Stephan von La Ferté , Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
- Domenico Michiel , 35th Doge of Venice
- Heinrich Raspe I , nobleman from the house of the Ludowingers (* around 1095 )
- Zhong Xiang , Chinese shaman, healer and rebel leader