Calendar overview 1125
|Lothar von Supplinburg , Duke of Saxony , is elected German King.||Friedrich II , Duke of Swabia , is ostracized .|
|1125 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||573/574 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1668/69 (southern Buddhism); 1667/68 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||487/488 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||503/504 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||518/519 (February 6/7)|
|Jewish calendar||4885/86 (August 30/31)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1435/36 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1436/37 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1181/82 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- The Jurchen under Taizong conquer Beijing and destroy the Liao kingdom of the Kitan . The emerging Jin dynasty established itself in northeast China . The capital is initially Huiningfu .
- January 29th : The relief army of the Seljuks under Aq Sunqur al-Bursuqi enters Aleppo and is welcomed by city commander Ibn al-Chashschab . The crusaders break off the siege of the city.
- June 11th : Crusaders from Tripoli , Edessa , Jerusalem and Antioch under the leadership of Baldwin II of Jerusalem , Joscelin I of Edessa and Pons of Tripoli defeat Seljuks from Aleppo , Mosul and Damascus under Aq Sunqur al-Bursuqi and Tugtakin in battle by Azaz . This victory allowed the Crusaders to restore much of the influence they lost after their defeat on Ager Sanguinis in 1119 . Baldwin is now planning an attack on Aleppo, but it never takes place.
Holy Roman Empire
- August 24th : Beginning of the election meeting of the German princes in Mainz for the election of a king
- August 30 : Lothar III. , Duke of Saxony , is elected German king in Mainz
- September 15 : Lothar III. is crowned king in Aachen by Archbishop Friedrich I of Cologne .
- Autumn: The conflict between Lothar III begins. and the Hohenstaufen .
- December: Friedrich II , Duke of Swabia from Staufer , is ostracized .
- The Falkensteiner family merged with the Weyarn-Neuburg count line through marriage.
- A consular government made up of members of the nobility is established in Siena .
First documentary mentions
Culture and religion
- Udo I of Thuringia becomes Bishop of Naumburg (Saale) .
- Theophilus Presbyter writes the handicraft textbook De diversis artibus .
Date of birth saved
- July 6 : Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani , Muslim chronicler in the service of the Abbasids, the Zengids and the Ayyubids († 1201 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Otto the Rich , Margrave of Meissen († 1190 )
- Mathilde of Savoy , Queen of Portugal († 1157 )
- Øystein II. Haraldsson , Norwegian fellow-king († 1157 )
- Volkwin II. , Graf von Schwalenberg († 1177 / 78 )
Born around 1125
- Renaud de Châtillon , Prince of Antioch, Lord of Oultrejordain and Hebron and participant in the Second Crusade († 1187 )
- Abraham ben David von Posquières , French theologian († 1198 )
Date of death secured
- January 24 : Dawit IV the Builder , King of Georgia (* 1073 )
- February 17th : Rupert , abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Münsterschwarzach
- May 19 : Wladimir Wsewolodowitsch Monomakh , Kiev Grand Duke (* 1053 )
- May 23 : Heinrich V , Roman-German Emperor (* around 1086 )
- June 22nd : Lambert de Saint-Bertin , French Benedictine and scholar (* around 1060 )
- September 3 : Udalrich II , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt
- September 19 : Rusten , Abbot of St. Blasien in the southern Black Forest
- October 21 : Cosmas of Prague , Bohemian chronicler of the Middle Ages (* around 1045 )
- December 3 : Berengar I von Sulzbach , close advisor to Heinrich V and founder of the Berchtesgaden, Baumburg and Kastl monasteries (* before 1080)
- December 20th : Rudgar von Veltheim , Archbishop of Magdeburg
- December 29th : Agnes , Abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim
Exact date of death unknown
- January: Wilhelm II. , Free Count of Burgundy and Count of Mâcon (* around 1085 )
- May or June: Friedrich IV. , Count of Putelendorf and Count Palatine of Saxony (* 1085 )
Died around 1125
- Steffen Patzold : Europe in 1125: a political turning point? In: Alexander Koch / Bernd Schneidmüller / Stefan Weinfurter (eds.): The Salier. Power in Change, Munich 2011, pp. 267–273.