|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 51 ° 9 ′ N , 11 ° 49 ′ E
|County :||Burgenland district|
|Height :||130 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||129.9 km 2|
|Residents:||32,155 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||248 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||06618, 06628|
|Primaries :||03445, 034466, 034463|
|License plate :||BLK, HHM, NEB, NMB, WSF, ZZ|
|Community key :||15 0 84 355|
|LOCODE :||DE NBU|
|City structure:||4 districts
City administration address :
06618 Naumburg (Saale)
|Lord Mayor :||Bernward Küper ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Naumburg (Saale) in the Burgenland district|
Naumburg (Saale) is a city in the south of Saxony-Anhalt . Naumburg is the administrative seat of the Burgenland district and the center of the northernmost German wine-growing region Saale-Unstrut . The city is a railway junction and has a rich history, for example as the historic seat of the diocese of Naumburg . The landmark is the Naumburg Cathedral in the medieval old town, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since July 1, 2018 . Naumburg is a state-approved resort.
Naumburg is located in the south of Saxony-Anhalt at the confluence of the Unstrut and the Saale , near the border with Thuringia , 39 km south of Halle and 30 km north of Jena . Located on the edge of the Leipzig lowland bay, the city already belongs to the low mountain range with a height of 130 m above sea level. The city is surrounded by the hilly Saale-Unstrut wine-growing region and lies in the Saale-Unstrut-Triasland nature park . The climate in Naumburg is exceptionally mild, which makes viticulture on the valley slopes in the area possible.
The maximum east-west extension of the core city is about 6.5 km, the maximum north-south extension about 5.5 km.
The city center includes the districts of Almrich (formerly Altenburg), Grochlitz , Henne and Weinberge . The city of Naumburg also consists of the following districts:
|Naumburg (core city)||24,885||-|
Naumburg was first mentioned in 1012 as a two at the crossroads trade routes , the new castle of Ekkehard Inger , the Margrave of Meissen arose. In 1021, the Merseburg bishop's chronicle reported that a provost's office had recently been re-established on the site of what would later become the Naumburg cathedral . By operating the Ekkehardinger gave 1028 Pope John XIX. his consent to the relocation of the diocese from Zeitz to Naumburg. Until the implementation of the Reformation in the city in 1568, Naumburg was the seat of a bishopric, although from the 13th century the bishops mostly resided and lived in Zeitz again . The last bishop was Julius von Pflug , who died in Zeitz and is also buried there. The cathedral school was founded in 1030 . Since 1144 Naumburg was called a city.
In the Middle Ages it was an important trading center on the Via Regia , especially because of the Naumburg fairs, first mentioned in 1278 . The rise of Leipzig to a trade fair city since 1500 and the Thirty Years War brought Naumburg's economic prosperity to a standstill. The territory of the diocese, which was secularized in the middle of the 16th century , passed to the Electors of Saxony , who had it administered by their own monastery government in Naumburg and who later provided the administrators . In 1544 the Naumburg office was formed from the monastery property on the Saale . According to the main fraternal comparison among the four sons of Johann Georg I in 1657, the Naumburg monastery area belonged to the Sachsen-Zeitz secondary school , which went to the youngest son Moritz . Before the Moritzburg was built in Zeitz , the Naumburg City Palace served as the residence of this branch line. This episode came to an end with the death of the last Protestant representative of the Sachsen-Zeitz line in 1718. The Naumburg monastery area finally fell back to the Dresden spa line; it was thus fully integrated into Albertine Saxony, but remained the seat of its own administrative authorities until 1815 (for example the consistory of the Naumburg-Zeitz monastery).
Until the end of the late Middle Ages , Jews lived in the episcopal city of Naumburg. They lived in Jüdengasse , the city's central Judengasse , which is still there today. In 1494, the episcopal cities of Naumburg and Zeitz received from Bishop Johann III. Schoenberg promised " to say goodbye to the local Jews after their escorts and prescriptions have expired, to expel them from all areas and also not to admit any more Jews in the future." The councils of these cities had complained about the usurious interest allegedly taken by the Jews and their ruthless collection . In 1494 all Jews were expelled from Naumburg and from Zeitz in 1517. To replace the lost Jewish money , Naumburg had to pay 60 Rhenish guilders and Zeitz 40 Rhenish guilders annually to the episcopal chamber , redeemable with 1,200 or 800 Rhenish guilders, corresponding to the required sum for 20 years. Today, a bronze plaque at the entrance to the Jüdengasse on the market side reminds of the former residents and their expulsion.
The history of Naumburg is closely linked to Martin Luther and the Reformation . Luther preached for the first time in 1521 on his way to the Worms Reichstag in Naumburg. On January 18, 1542, Luther took quarters with Philipp Melanchthon , Spalatin and Nikolaus von Amsdorf at Markt 3 with the widow of the town clerk Ambrosius Dörffer. Today a plaque commemorates it. In the evening one of the most difficult council meetings in the city's history took place, in which an agreement was reached with the elector on the appointment of Nikolaus von Amsdorf as bishop. On January 20, 1542, Luther consecrated him as the first evangelical bishop in the east choir of Naumburg Cathedral . In doing so, Luther not only set a milestone in Naumburg's church history, but also for the growing Protestantism. The time of the Protestant bishop is also known as the “Naumburg Bishop Experiment”. The official and residence of Nikolaus von Amsdorf was the west wing in the so-called Naumburger Schlösschen on the market square and later the Zeitz Bishop's Palace.
The most influential Reformation personality in Naumburg, however, is Nikolaus Medler . In 1536 he took the position of superintendent in the town church of St. Wenceslas and was given the supervision of 32 churches. A year later, he wrote church and school rules based on the Wittenberg order and expressly approved by Luther. In 1568 the Reformation finally prevailed in Naumburg.
Early modern age
On May 2nd, 1604, Christina Kirchner from Michelsgasse was beheaded, who had been accused of witchcraft by Nicol von Zwicken's wife .
From 1621 to 1622 Naumburg had a tipper mint, in which interim coins were struck under the mint masters Georg Oppermann, Kurt Marquart, Sebastian Härtel and Friedrich Ulm. These were kipper coins from the Kipper 12 Kreuzer piece to the so-called Kippertaler at 60 groschen.
From 1656 to 1718 Naumburg belonged to the Duchy of Saxony-Zeitz . Therefore, from 1652 the Residenzhaus am Markt (today's district court) was built by Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony . On October 3, 1653, his son Moritz was able to move into the new house, from where he ruled the duchy until July 1, 1663 before he moved to the newly built Moritzburg in Zeitz . His art-loving son Moritz Wilhelm von Sachsen-Zeitz built the opera house in front of the Salztor in 1701 , which burned down in 1716.
After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Naumburg fell to Prussia and was incorporated into the Merseburg administrative district of the newly formed province of Saxony . As part of the subdivision of the administrative district of Merseburg, an urban district of Naumburg was set up on October 1, 1816 , which included the city of Naumburg and a number of surrounding villages. On January 1, 1818, the urban district of Naumburg was enlarged by numerous villages from the Weißenfels district and converted into a normal district with Naumburg as the district town .
In 1846 the city was connected to the Thuringian Railway from Halle to Erfurt , in 1889 to Artern and finally in 1900 to Teuchern . On September 15, 1892, the Naumburg tram went into operation. In the first few years it was still operated with steam. On January 2, 1907, it was switched to electrical operation. In 1914 the city of Naumburg became a district .
Although industrialization developed only weakly, a workers' association was formed as early as 1848 . When the Kapp Putsch was suppressed in 1920, five workers were killed. In 1927 the "Devoli" (Deutsche Volkslichtspiele) were founded, with headquarters in the former garrison hospital on the Spechsart. The film and sound studios are also located there. In the 1930s, as part of the armament of the Wehrmacht, three new barracks were built in Naumburg, one on Schönburger Strasse and two on Flemminger Weg (then Adolf-Hitler-Strasse ). On August 20, 1935, the 53rd Infantry Regiment paraded for the first time in the old market square. This regiment was used in the raid on Poland .
On April 9 and 11, 1945, American planes bombed the city. Parts of the military installations in the east of the city as well as areas of the old town and adjacent areas were destroyed or seriously damaged. More than 400 people died and around 700 houses were damaged. US troops occupied the city on April 12, and almost three months later - on July 2 - Red Army troops moved into Naumburg. Due to the influx of refugees and displaced persons, up to 60,000 people were staying in the city.
post war period
After the city was occupied by Red Army units in 1945, an area around the Higher Regional Court was cordoned off and declared a restricted military area. It was made by the staffs of the 57th Guards Mot. Rifle Division and the 170th Guards Mot. Rifle Regiment of the Soviet Armed Forces. Both the barracks (Jäger- und Barbarakaserne) from the 19th century and the barracks in the garrison town of Naumburg from the Nazi era were used to accommodate the soldiers. The officers lived in parts of the Bürgergarten villa district as well as newly built residential areas. Parts of the area around Naumburg, e.g. B. the Buchholz, were used by the Soviet armed forces for training purposes, but were mostly accessible to the population. The Soviet supply facilities (“ Russian magazines ”) could also be used by the residents.
In 1950 Naumburg lost its status as an independent city and came to the Weißenfels district . In the GDR , Naumburg was the location of mechanical engineering , pharmaceuticals , metal and shoe industries . The political changes in 1989 led to numerous demonstrations and gatherings in Naumburg's churches.
Since German reunification
After the political turnaround in 1990, the city previously part of the Halle district came to the newly formed state of Saxony-Anhalt . The area around the Higher Regional Court became accessible to the local population again after the GSSD withdrew . The properties used by the Soviet armed forces were used for civil purposes.
In 1994 the districts of Naumburg , Nebra and Zeitz were merged to form the Burgenlandkreis . The district seat remained Naumburg. In 2007 the Burgenland district and the Weißenfels district were merged to form the new Burgenland district. Since then, Naumburg has been the administrative seat of this district, which also includes the neighboring cities of Weißenfels , Zeitz and Nebra .
On January 1, 2010, Bad Kösen, Crölpa-Löbschütz, Janisroda and Prießnitz were incorporated as the last places so far.
Development of the population (from 1960 December 31) :
The Naumburg municipal council consists of 40 honorary members and the mayor. The elections for the current municipal council took place on May 26, 2019. The following distribution of seats resulted (in brackets compared to the 2014 election):
- CDU : 15 seats (- 6)
- LEFT : 5 seats (+/− 0)
- SPD : 4 seats (- 1)
- United Citizens List (VBL): 4 seats (+ 4)
- GREEN : 3 seats (+ 1)
- National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD): 2 seats (+ 1)
- Alliance for Bad Kösen (BBK) / FDP : 5 seats (+ 2 FDP)
- The faction of the Free Voters Burgenlandkreis (FW-BLK) with 2 seats (+ 1) has dissolved. The city councils belong to the municipal council as non-attached members.
In the local elections on April 22, 2007, the previous alderman and Lord Mayor Bernward Küper ( CDU ), who has been in office since February 1, 2007, was elected Lord Mayor. In the election on May 25, 2014, he was confirmed in office with 53.95% of the votes in the first ballot.
coat of arms
The city's coat of arms shows a red key crossed diagonally, the lock sheet square, and an overturned red sword. The sword is over the key.
The coat of arms of Naumburg emerged from the episcopal seal , which also consisted of a key and sword. Originally, the handles of the sword and key were below, while the edge and beard pointed upwards. When Naumburg became independent in the 13th century, the city council kept the episcopal coat of arms, just rotated by 90 °. Since then the handles point to the right (heraldic left).
Until 1993 the key in the coat of arms was still above the sword, this was exchanged in the course of the redesign in 1994.
On May 30, 1988, a town partnership with Aachen was agreed.
The partnership between Les Ulis near the French capital Paris and the city of Naumburg (Saale) in Saxony-Anhalt was sealed on April 19, 2019 by the mayors of the two cities in Les Ulis.
Naumburg is also a member of the Association of Cities with Hussite History and Tradition and the New Hanseatic League .
Culture and sights
The landmark of the city of Naumburg is the late Romanesque - early Gothic cathedral of St. Peter and Paul. He is in the episcopal suburb. The construction of this three-aisled , two-choir basilica with four towers and a cloister began before 1213.
According to recent research, the early Gothic west choir was built from around 1240. In the first half of the 14th century the east choir was enlarged in the high Gothic style. The Romanesque crypt under the east choir was built around 1170 and was part of a previous building. The two east towers consist of octagonal upper floors and have baroque domes . The pulpit dates from 1466. The southwest tower was not completed until 1884. The two west towers next to the west choir are designed in close style to the towers of Laon Cathedral and Bamberg Cathedral . On the western side of the cloister there is a closed building , on the eastern side the late Gothic Epiphany Chapel from 1416. South of the cloister and thus on the south side of the cathedral is the parish church of St. Mary , not far to the west of the complex is the Aegidia Curia . The cathedral was completely restored between 1960 and 1968.
The twelve donor figures in the west choir, which were created after 1250, are world-famous . All figures are life-size and carved in limestone . The best-known figures are Uta and Ekkehard on the north side of the west choir and Regelindis and Herrmann opposite on the south side.
Naumburg Cathedral has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2018 .
The exhibitions of the Naumburg City Museum are located at five locations in the city center and in the Großjena district.
City Museum "Hohe Lilie"
The Stadtmuseum Hohe Lilie , which was awarded the Museum Prize of the East German Sparkasse Foundation, is housed in a building complex, the oldest part of which is a Romanesque stone structure (built around 1250), which is usually referred to in historical sources as the Kemenate . After the severe city fire of 1517, the tower and two additions dating back to the 15th century were remodeled in the style of the time between 1526 and 1532. Two magnificent figure consoles adorn the windows of the so-called state room on the upper floor. A building extension from the Baroque period and a modern access wing complete the museum building.
The Nietzsche House is dedicated to the life and work of Friedrich Nietzsche , who spent most of his childhood and youth in Naumburg and in the nearby Pforta State School . After Nietzsche's health collapse in Turin in 1889 , he was cared for by his mother in her home (1890–1897). Nietzsche's sister Elisabeth set up the first Nietzsche archive here , before she first opened it within Naumburg and then moved it to Weimar . Between 2008 and 2010, the Nietzsche Documentation Center Naumburg was built on a plot of land adjacent to the Nietzsche House , which houses a collection for international Nietzsche reception.
The Löwenapotheke on the market is connected to a pharmacy museum with eight rooms on three floors; it is publicly accessible after registration. It is operated by the owner of the pharmacy, Andreas Hünerbein. Some of the exhibits are around 200 years old. The first room for the museum was created in 1935.
The Marientor (Frauentor, Porta Beatae Virginis Mariae) takes its name from the nearby Maria Magdalenen Church . It is the last of the five gates that were once still preserved in the town center (the others were called Salztor (Porta Salis), Jacobstor (Porta Jacobaea), Othmarstor (Porta Otmari), Cattle or Wenceslas Gate (Porta Pecorum), Herrentor (Porta Dominica) without a tower (Inner city gate between Steinweg and Herrenstraße)). The tower and gatehouse date back to the late 14th century, while the barbican was added in the mid-15th century. The Marientor, whose premises served alternately as prison cells and as poor houses over the centuries, has been part of the city museum since 2001. In the interior there is an extensive exhibition on the historical fortifications.
Because the tower of the town church of St. Wenceslas , the so-called Wenceslas Tower , was not only the bell tower of the town church, but also represented the most important watchtower in the town, it fell under the jurisdiction of the town magistrate, in whose service the “housemen” called, since the late Middle Ages Towermen stood. An important triple bell is integrated in the bell cage, which was built in 1521 by Martin Hilliger in Freiberg . Today, the 72 meter high Wenceslas Tower with its viewing platform in the 53 meter high tower parlor serves as a popular viewing tower .
Max Klinger House
The Max-Klinger-Haus is just outside the city, near the confluence of the Saale and Unstrut rivers in the Großjena district . It is the country house of the Leipzig painter, graphic artist and sculptor Max Klinger (1857–1920), which during the summer season (April – October) shows an extensive exhibition on the life and work of the artist. The museum also includes the etcher house (which houses a printing workshop) and Max Klinger's grave.
In the medieval town center, next to the Renaissance town hall (built from 1517 to 1528) with a council cellar, there is the late Gothic town church of St. Wenceslas . This three-aisled hall church was built between 1417 and 1523 and was restored after being damaged in 1945. Its interior was redesigned in 1724. The Hildebrandt organ is located in the church ; it was accepted by Johann Sebastian Bach and Gottfried Silbermann .
Around the old town there are remains of the medieval city fortifications, consisting of a moat and city wall. A tower built in the 15th century was preserved, which was later converted into a water art . At the former separation of the city council and cathedral city, the former city fortifications were built over by an avenue, today's Lindenring. However, only one of the former five city gates has survived, the Marientor . In the past five hundred years, the other gates, including the Cattle Gate, the Salt Gate, the Jacob Gate and the Herrentor, have been demolished. At the Salt Gate today in the style of classicism of recall Friedrich Erdmann Schmid built Salztorhäuschen at the site of the former city gate. Not far from here are the Catholic St. Peter and Paul Church, consecrated in 1962, and the Othmars Church , the first documented mention of which dates back to 1259 and acquired its current appearance from 1691 to 1699.
In the side streets of the old town there are characteristic town houses with Renaissance gables .
The seat of the branch office of the Federal Language Office on Kösener Straße is a monument of the recent past . The office is housed in the former imperial cadet institute, a spacious brick complex consisting of the central main building and two side wings in the neo-Gothic style . The imperial crown as a former hotel, meeting house, theater and cinema is still waiting to be revived.
The Higher Regional Court of Naumburg , a representative neo-baroque building , built on the site of the former castle of the Margraves of Meißen between 1914 and 1917, is still of importance as a monument and is visible from afar .
A Bismarck tower stands on the Burgscheidel to the southwest of the Almrich district . This 14 m high observation tower was built in 1902 from limestone and was soon supplemented by an excursion restaurant. After it was renamed the Burgscheidelturm in 1945 , it was given the previous name Bismarck Tower again after the fall of the Wall in 1991. In 1992 the tower was refurbished and now a bridal suite , the so-called Bismarck Suite , was added to the neighboring hotel .
- Reminder and memorial at the city park. Formerly in the park of the victims of fascism . Designed in 1963 by the artists Gerhard Lichtenfeld and Martin Wetzel , for the periods of the Weimar Republic , the National Socialist period and the post-war period. The block of the Nazi era bore the names of eleven victims of the Nazi dictatorship. As part of the redesign of the city park, the concrete blocks were removed and the bronze plaques were attached to the outer wall of the park.
- Memorial at the Salztor for the victims of fascism , with a relief of the KPD chairman Ernst Thälmann
- Memorial stone in the Richard Locker Stadium for the communist strength athlete Richard Locker , who was forced into the penalty battalion 999 during the Second World War and lost his life in the process
- Tombs in the memorial grove in the municipal cemetery on the road for 23 Weißenfelser known by name Polish women Polish twelve men and two Soviet men who abducted during the Second World War to Germany and victims of forced labor were
- War memorial for those who fell in the Wars of Unification on Kramerplatz
- War memorial for the members of the Magdeburg Jäger Battalion No. 4 who died in World War I on Bergstrasse / corner of Spechsart. City planning officer Friedrich Hoßfeld designed the monument, which was ceremoniously unveiled and inaugurated on July 1, 1923.
Every year, Naumburg organizes sports days at which international walking competitions take place. The world championship and several walking world cups have already been held in Naumburg. Naumburg itself has several large, successful sports clubs. In football, these are mainly the Naumburger SV 05 (Association League) and the Naumburger Ballspiel-Club 1920 e. V. (regional league). The new merger has been under the name SC Naumburg since 2017 . In handball, Naumburg is represented by HC Burgenland in the Central German Oberliga and in volleyball Blau-Weiß Naumburg (regional league) is successful. One of the sporting highlights in Naumburg is the skater nights ( night skating ) that take place several times a year , during which inline skates are used through the city and the surrounding area. Naumburg has a stadium (Richard Locker Stadium) with a grass and hard court as well as several grass sports fields ( Krumme Hufe , Hallescher Anger , Birkenwäldchen , Moritzwiesen ). There are other grass sports fields in the districts. Naumburg also has a tennis court and two multi-purpose halls for sporting events, one of which is on the former site of the Domgymnasium Naumburg and one in the Euroville youth and sports hotel.
Naumburg Hussite Cherry Festival
Every year on the last weekend in June, at the time of the sweet cherry harvest , the city of Naumburg celebrates the Hussite cherry festival. It includes a festival meadow with 15 marquees run by clubs, the Hussite camp with medieval market hustle and bustle, music and exhibition fights, a large parade, the wine village and countless attractions in various places in the city.
The festival has a long tradition. As early as the 16th century, council bills included expenses for a school festival. Since the 17th century the festival has been associated with a legendary siege of Naumburg by the Hussites in 1432. A teacher with children - dressed in white penitential shirts - pulled in front of the gates of the besieged city to ask for mercy from the Hussite general Andreas Prokop . He heard the request and even gave the children cherries. This legend forms the core of the folk festival today, which has been commemorating the events with a scenic representation for several years.
Another highlight is the Peter and Paul Fair on Sunday. Naumburg once competed with Leipzig as a trade fair city. As in the past, traditional craftsmen present their skills and goods in Naumburg at this fair.
Naumburg pigeon market
Every year in January and February, every second weekend on Saturdays, the traditional pigeon market takes place, to which pigeon fanciers and dealers from all over Germany and partly from neighboring countries travel.
Naumburg is located in Germany's northernmost wine-growing region - Saale-Unstrut. There are numerous winemakers in and around the city . Several wine festivals take place every year.
- Naumburg Wine Week (last weekend in February) - with wine fair and young wine tasting
- Saale wine mile (Whitsun)
- Wine & courtyard festival Winzerhof Gussek Naumburg (mid-June) - in the midst of vines, with graphics and works of art
- Wine festival Naumburg (last weekend in August)
- Naumburg Street Theater Days (every two years in May)
- Naumburg flower market (May 1st)
- Naumburg vineyard race
- Jazz & Dixieland in the flower base (every year on Ascension Day and on the weekend of Pentecost )
- Hildebrandt Days (September, October) St. Wenceslas Church
Regular events in Bad Kösen can be found in the corresponding article .
- Tram festival of Naumburger Straßenbahn GmbH (the 3rd Saturday of September)
Economy and Infrastructure
Naumburg has several smaller and larger designated industrial areas. The Franz-Julius-Höltz-Straße and Steinkreuzweg industrial parks are located in the city center. The Schönburg industrial park is located on the outskirts of the city on Bundesstrasse 180. There is also another commercial area in the Flemmingen district.
Resident manufacturing companies are z. B. the glass painting Wilhelm Franke and the Gehring Naumburg GmbH & Co. KG .
In Naumburg there are a total of 13 stores of the companies Netto (5), Rewe , Aldi (2), NP (2), Edeka , Lidl , Kaufland . This corresponds roughly to one basic supply store per 2200 inhabitants.
The great attractiveness of the city and the districts of Bad Kösen and Großjena (cathedral, old town, castles, Max-Klinger-Haus, wine-growing, Saale and Unstrut for hiking, cycling and water hiking) for various target groups is made possible by an extensive range of accommodation and restaurants and cultural offerings. The regional association Saale-Unstrut-Tourismus e. V. has its seat in Naumburg.
Naumburg is at the junction of three federal highways. The B 87 leads from Apolda to Leipzig , the B 88 to Jena and the B 180 from Querfurt to Zeitz . Naumburg can also be reached via the Naumburg junction of the A 9 (21a) motorway, which is connected to the city by federal highway 180.
The Naumburg (Saale) Hbf station is located on one of the busiest railway lines in Germany, the Thuringian Railway , which opened in 1846 . Due to the ICE stop, it was fundamentally expanded between 2002 and 2006 and reopened on September 6, 2006.
Naumburg is also at the beginning of the Unstrut Railway to Artern and the Naumburg – Teuchern railway to Zeitz . Since 1900, Naumburg has had a second station on the Naumburg-Teucherner Bahn, the Ostbahnhof . The rail traffic between Naumburg and Teuchern has meanwhile been discontinued. Regional trains run to Wangen every hour on the Unstrutbahn .
In addition to the regional train lines Halle - Eisenach and Naumburg - Saalfeld , which ran hourly or every two hours, Naumburg was also a stop for ICE trains on the Hamburg - Berlin - Munich route until the opening of the high-speed line Nuremberg - Erfurt in December 2017 and until the completion of the New Erfurt – Leipzig / Halle line Stop of individual trains on the Frankfurt am Main - Leipzig - Dresden line . Since then, IC trains have stopped in Naumburg, mainly the IC between Cologne and Stralsund / Binz via Kassel , Erfurt , Halle (Saale) and Berlin.
In the course of this, the range of local transport connections has almost tripled. In addition to the hourly regional train lines Halle - Saalfeld and Leipzig - Eisenach , fast regional express lines run every hour to Erfurt, Halle and Jena and every two hours to Leipzig. Most of the lines are operated by Abellio Rail Mitteldeutschland , only two regional express lines are operated by DB Regio .
Naumburg lies in the catchment area of the PVG Burgenlandkreis mbH and thus the Central German Transport Association . Furthermore, Naumburg has a city bus system that serves important city junctions on three lines every half hour (hourly on weekends). The central stop in the city center is the City-Bus-Stopp Hallesche Straße, the former central bus station. Today's bus station is on the outskirts of the city at the main train station.
The Naumburg tram runs on a 2.9 km long section of the former ring-shaped tram route. After ceasing operations in 1991, it has been running every half hour again since the spring of 2007. The rest of the section is currently not accessible due to temporary closure and dismantling. Numerous special trips with historic tram cars from the GDR continue to be carried out under the name of the “Naumburg Tourist Railway” . The tram currently runs as line 4 between the main train station and Salztor.
Due to the location of Naumburg on the Saale and Unstrut , both waters of the first order of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, the basis for navigability is given. The waterway is no longer used economically today, both rivers are used for tourism. Up until 2016, three passenger ships operated on the lower Unstrut from Karsdorf to the mouth of the Naumburg blossom base, the MS “Fröhliche Dörte”, built in 1888, the MS “Unstrutnixe” built in 1908 and the MS “Reblaus” built in 1969.
- Seat of the higher regional court in Naumburg (since 1816)
- Seat of the General Public Prosecutor's Office in Saxony-Anhalt
- Seat of the district court of Naumburg with the agricultural court and external penal enforcement chamber of the district court of Halle
- Branch of the Public Prosecutor's Office Halle (Saale)
- Saale-Unstrut Klinikum as the location of the Klinikum Burgenlandkreis GmbH
- Branch office of the Federal Language Office
- Bundeswehr technical school
- Seat of the district administration of the Burgenlandkreis
Until December 31, 2008, the city was also the seat of a labor court . The Naumburg correctional facility , most recently a branch of the Volkstedt prison , was closed on September 30, 2012.
The regional press medium is the Naumburger Tageblatt, which appears daily from Monday to Saturday and is part of the Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . The free editorial advertising papers Wochenspiegel and Super Sonntag appear weekly . The official Naumburg gazette is “Der Domspatz”, which appears once a month and is distributed free of charge to all households.
From 1999 to 2004 Naumburg also had its own local, non-commercial community radio, Freie Radio Naumburg, which was run by an association. Until 2005 Naumburg was connected to the network of the regional TV broadcaster "Welle Süd Fernsehen", which, however, had to cease broadcasting due to bankruptcy and now only broadcasts a slide show with photos from the Burgenland district on the frequency. Since December 2008 there is also a regional television in the Burgenlandkreis. The broadcaster BLK-regionalTV, based in Hohenmölsen, reports in a weekly broadcast about what is happening in the district. The program can now be received in many cable networks, and the programs can also be viewed online.
There were two grammar schools in Naumburg, the Domgymnasium and the Lepsiusgymnasium . After the merger of the two grammar schools and the withdrawal from the Seminarstrasse school location in 2007, the grammar school now exists as a cathedral grammar school in the buildings of the former Lepsius grammar school. Since the incorporation of Bad Kösens , a second grammar school has been located in the city area with the Pforta state school.
Naumburg also has four elementary schools, the Georgenschule, the Albert Schweitzer Elementary School, the Salztor School and the Uta School. The Max Klinger primary school is located in the Kleinjena district and the mountain school in the Bad Kösen district. There are also two secondary schools, the Alexander von Humboldt School and the Albert Schweitzer Secondary School. The secondary schools Jan Hus School and Juri Gagarin School were closed due to a lack of students. Today the Free School in Burgenland is housed in the building of the Jan Hus School , a privately owned secondary school. The St. Martin Cathedral School has been located directly at the cathedral since 2007 , a reform-pedagogical Protestant elementary school with a musical and linguistic profile. The Borlachschule is another secondary school in the Bad Kösen district.
There are three vocational schools in Naumburg, one state-owned and two private. In addition to the vocational schools in Seilergasse, the CELOOK and the Medical Vocational Academy (MBA) take on parts of the initial training and further education. There is also a branch of the German Employees Academy on the market . Between 1948 and 1993 there was a church college in Naumburg , the advanced catechetical seminar , where theology , philosophy , religious education and, at times, canon law were taught. At the same time there was a church high school (proseminar) . Here pupils who were refused the Abitur at state schools during the SED rule were able to take a church Abitur in three years.
Naumburg was the location of a Royal Prussian cadet institute and thus part of the Prussian cadet corps . In the Third Reich, the building complex on Kösener Strasse was a national political educational institution . From 1956 to 1960 the NVA used the historic area as a cadet school . During this time, among others, the writer Thomas Brasch was a student there. The last cadet students were taken there to the Abitur in 1961 . The NVA continued to use the school as a preparatory faculty to prepare for university studies at the Friedrich Engels Military Academy and as an institute for language training . The former cadet school has been a branch of the Federal Language Office since 1990 and the Federal Armed Forces College since 1992 . The vernacular refers to this now listed area as Die Kadette .
- Link catalog on the subject of Naumburg, Saale at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- City of Naumburg (Saale)
- The Naumburg museums
- ↑ State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
- ↑ Witness made of stone and world cultural heritage: The Naumburg Cathedral , MDR.de, June 7, 2020, accessed on August 5, 2020
- ↑ Naumburg is a state-approved resort ( memento from January 19, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ a b Population numbers and their development
- ^ Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas , Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; Office Naumburg on p. 86 f.
- ↑ a b c d Germania Sacra , New Series No 35,2: The dioceses of the church province of Magdeburg. The diocese of Naumburg 1,2. The diocese. , Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-11-015570-2 , p. 944, digitized
- ↑ a b Germania Sacra , New Series No 35.1: The dioceses of the Church Province of Magdeburg. The diocese of Naumburg 1.1. The diocese. , Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-11-015193-6 , Position on the Jews p. 223, digitized version
- ↑ Manfred Wilde : The sorcery and witch trials in Saxony . Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2003, ISBN 3-412-10602-X , p. 550 ( limited preview in Google Book Search).
- ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1816, p. 332
- ↑ Friedrich Justin Bertuch (ed.): New general geographical ephemeris . tape 1 . Publishing house d. Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, Weimar 1817, p. 99 ( digitized version ).
- ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1817, p. 655
- ^ The Prussian State in All Its Relationships, 1837, p. 224
- ↑ Bernd Ziesemer: A private against Hitler . Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2012, p. 44 .
- ↑ census database
- ↑ StBA: Area changes from January 1 to December 31, 2010
- ↑ Final result - election on May 26 , 2019, accessed on July 7, 2019.
- ↑ Main Statute, Section 2, Paragraph 1 , accessed on May 14, 2017.
- ^ Lexicon cities and coats of arms of the GDR , Leipzig 1979.
- ↑ mdr.de: Regional Studio Halle - News at 12:00 pm | MDR.DE. Retrieved April 12, 2019 .
- ↑ Was Martin Luther one of the customers? (The museum in the Löwen-Apotheke Naumburg) In: Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. S. Hirzel Verlag, Stuttgart 2015, pp. 228-229, ISBN 978-3-7776-2510-2 .
- ↑ Stadtkirche St. Wenzel on the website of the Evangelical Church Community Naumburg / Saale.
- ↑ Bismarck Tower Naumburg on bismarcktuerme.de.
- ↑ Website of Saale-Unstrut-Schiffahrts-GmbH ( Memento from May 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on May 14, 2017.
- ^ PVG Burgenlandkreis mbH - Naumburg. Retrieved October 3, 2018 .
- ↑ Naumburger Tageblatt of January 16, 2018
- ↑ Labor courts in Dessau-Roßlau, Halle, Magdeburg and Stendal and the state labor court of Saxony-Anhalt will be 20 years old on September 1, 2011 - labor courts will be established on September 1, 1991. 20 years of labor jurisdiction. In: State portal. State Labor Court of Saxony-Anhalt, accessed on May 14, 2017 .
- ↑ BRASCH - Desiring and Fearing, Director: Christoph Rüter, Documentary 2011.