Moritz (Saxony-Zeitz)

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Duke Moritz von Sachsen-Zeitz with an allonge wig, armor and sash, over him the prince's hat, contemporary engraving

Moritz von Sachsen-Zeitz (born March 28, 1619 in Dresden , † December 4, 1681 in Zeitz ) was a Duke of the Saxon Zeitz Principality of Saxony-Zeitz who came from the Albertine line of the House of Wettin .


He was the son of the Elector of Saxony Johann Georg I and his wife Magdalena Sibylle , a daughter of Duke Albrecht Friedrich of Prussia . The dukes August von Sachsen-Weißenfels , Christian von Sachsen-Merseburg and the elector Johann Georg II. Von Sachsen were his brothers.

Moritz was brought up at court in Dresden together with his brothers . Court Marshal Kurt von Einsiedel played a prominent role among his tutors . From August 1642 to September 1645 Moritz went on a grand tour through northern Germany and the Netherlands with his brother Christian .

In 1645 Duke Moritz was accepted into the Fruit Bringing Society by Prince Ludwig I of Anhalt-Köthen . The prince gave him the social name of the modest and the motto in action . The root Julapium ( Ipomea L. ) was given to him as an emblem . In the Koethen society register there is Duke Moritz's entry under the number 450. The rhyme law that he wrote on the occasion of his admission is also recorded there:

The root so there is called Jalapium
Has always shown himself in the sitam
Therefore I 'call' the Sitsam also should anverwant to me
The statehood to be gone. Dan this virtue increases
And precedes the prale where it is now discovered
There is and must be a, a iederman inclined,
So let Sitsam be loving and suffering for us
Good manners bring fruit to me year after year.

In 1647 he was entrusted with the Thuringia Ballei of the German Order .

In the will of Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony on July 20, 1652 in Dresden, it was decreed that his three younger sons should receive secondary school principalities. After the elector died on October 8, 1656, the "Friend Brothers Main Settlement" was concluded in Dresden on April 22, 1657 and another settlement in 1663, in which the three territories and the associated sovereign rights were finally delimited.

The former diocese of Naumburg-Zeitz with the associated monastery areas and other territories such as the Tautenburg region , the Albertine part of the county of Henneberg , offices from the Neustadt district and Vogtland district formed the newly created duchy of Saxony-Zeitz. In order to be able to represent as such, Duke Moritz had Moritzburg Castle built on the Elster in Zeitz from 1657 on the area of ​​the largely destroyed Bishop's Castle . During his reign he tried to rebuild the lands devastated in the Thirty Years War . So he promoted agriculture, trade, trade, guilds, removed the war damage and built z. B. together with his wife the collegiate school in Zeitz again. With the political scientist and theologian Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff , Moritz had an important chancellor and consistorial president at his side. The playwright Johann Sebastian Mitternacht worked as court preacher at his court.

At the age of 62, Duke Moritz von Sachsen-Zeitz died on December 4, 1681 at Moritzburg Castle. In his will he donated 10,000 guilders for the construction and maintenance of an orphanage . His eldest son Moritz Wilhelm succeeded him on the throne as Duke of Saxony-Zeitz under guardianship.

Marriage and offspring

“Ehren-Gedächtnüs” for the third wife. Motif: Sophie Elisabeth († 1684) with a view of the sarcophagus against the background of Moritzburg Castle in Zeitz, copperplate engraving by Christian Romstet

His first marriage was on November 19, 1650 in Dresden with Sophie Hedwig , the daughter of Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg from his marriage to Sophie Hedwig von Sachsen-Lauenburg . Sophie Hedwig's sister Christiana also married Moritz's brother Christian in a double wedding .

The following children emerged from the connection between Moritz and Sophie Hedwig:

  • Johann Philipp (born November 12, 1651 in Dresden; † March 24, 1652 ibid), Hereditary Prince of Saxony-Zeitz
  • Moritz (born September 26, 1652 in Dresden; † May 10, 1653 ibid), Hereditary Prince of Saxony-Zeitz

Four years after the death of his first wife, he married Dorothea Maria , the daughter of Duke Wilhelm von Sachsen-Weimar from his marriage to Eleonore Dorothea von Anhalt-Dessau , in Weimar on July 3, 1656 .

The following children emerged from the connection between Moritz and Dorothea Maria Hedwig:

After his second wife died, he married for the third time, on June 14, 1676 in Wiesenburg near Zwickau, Sophie Elisabeth , daughter of Duke Philipp Ludwig of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg from his marriage to Anna Margarete von Hessen-Homburg . However, this marriage remained childless.


Pedigree of Moritz von Sachsen-Zeitz

Heinrich the Pious (1473–1541)
⚭ 1512
Catherine of Mecklenburg (1487–1561)

Christian III (1503–1559)
⚭ 1525
Dorothea von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1511–1571)

Joachim II (1505–1571)
⚭ 1524
Magdalene of Saxony (1507–1534)

Georg von Brandenburg-Ansbach (1484–1543)
⚭ 1525
Hedwig von Münsterberg-Oels (1508–1531)

Friedrich V of Brandenburg (1460–1536)
⚭ 1479
Sofia Jagiellonka (1464–1512)

Erich I (1470–1540)
⚭ 1525
Elisabeth of Brandenburg (1510–1558)

Johann von Jülich-Kleve-Berg (1490–1539)
⚭ 1510
Maria von Jülich-Berg (1491–1543)

Ferdinand I (1503–1564)
⚭ 1521
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547)

Great grandparents

Elector August of Saxony (1526–1586)
⚭ 1548
Anna of Denmark (1532–1585)

Elector Johann Georg von Brandenburg (1525–1598)
⚭ 1548
Sabina von Brandenburg-Ansbach (1529–1575)

Duke Albrecht of Prussia (1490–1568)
⚭ 1550
Anna Maria of Braunschweig (1532–1568)

Duke Wilhelm V (1516–1592)
⚭ 1546
Maria of Austria (1531–1581)


Elector Christian I of Saxony (1560–1591)
⚭ 1582
Sophie of Brandenburg (1568–1622)

Duke Albrecht Friedrich of Prussia (1553–1618)
⚭ 1573
Marie Eleonore von Jülich-Kleve-Berg (1550–1608)


Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony (1585–1656)
⚭ 1607
Magdalena Sibylle of Prussia (1586–1659)

Moritz of Saxony-Zeitz

Web links

Commons : Moritz von Sachsen-Zeitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Rudolf Drößler u. a., Ed. Landesheimatbund Sachsen-Anhalt eV: The Saxon Roots of the State of Saxony-Anhalt and the Role of the Secondary School Saxony-Zeitz , Protocol of the Scientific Colloquium on October 26, 1996 in Zeitz, Contributions to the regional and state culture of Saxony-Anhalt, Issue 5, druck-zuck GmbH, Halle 1997, ISBN 3-928466-14-3
  • Roland Rittig, Jochen Vötsch, eds. Museum Schloss Moritzburg Zeitz: Baroque Residence Culture in Zeitz , Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle 2008, ISBN 978-3-89812-592-5 , information about the development of Saxony-Zeitz, Moritzburg, education for princes , court music , Marriage policy, baroque architecture
  • Vinzenz Czech (ed.): Princes without a land. Courtly splendor in the Saxon secundogenitures Weißenfels, Merseburg and Zeitz . Volume 5, Writings on the residential culture of the Rudolstadt working group, supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation for the Promotion of Science, Lukas Verlag for Art and Spiritual History, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86732-059-7 , pp. 50–52, Duke Moritz von Sachsen -Zeitz, pp. 64–69 orphanages and hospitals, etc. a. in Zeitz, pp. 102–105 Brüderliche Eintracht, pp. 215–236 The “Serene Gathering” 1678, pp. 273–277 Reasons for secondary education: care for the younger sons and closer ties to the Naumburg and Merseburg monasteries and enforcement of territorial ones Claims against the Ernestinians

Individual evidence

  1. Martin Bircher : Johann Beer at the court of the well-to-do . In: Ferdinand van Ingen , Hans-Gert Roloff (eds.): Johann Beer - writer, composer and court official 1655–1700: Contributions to the International Beer Symposium in Weißenfels, October 2000 (=  Yearbook for International German Studies: Series A, Congress reports . tape 70 ). Verlag Peter Lang, 2003, ISBN 3-03910-229-X , p. 82 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  2. Alexander Blöthner: History of the Saale-Orla area: Orlasenke and Oberland . tape 2 : The 17th and 18th centuries up to the end of the Napoleonic period. Books on Demand, Norderstedt 2017, ISBN 978-3-7431-2886-6 , pp. 252 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
predecessor Office successor
Albrecht, Duke of Saxony-Eisenach Landkomtur der
Deutschordensballei Thuringia

vacant, from 1684
Christian August, Prince of Saxony-Zeitz
Administration by the Electorate of Saxony Postulated administrator
of Naumburg and Zeitz

Moritz Wilhelm
emerged from Kursachsen and Naumburg-Zeitz Duke of Saxony-Zeitz
Moritz Wilhelm