The secundogenitur ( lat. Secundus "following, second" and genitus "born") is the branch line established by the second born or another later born of a noble house. It is a special form of dividing the inheritance that gives the next generation more property and prestige than normal severance pay . The establishment of a branch line is possible if primogeniture is not practiced.
Often a house law regulates the establishment of a secondary school, its equipment (material, also with territory , usually far less than the main line) and its relationship to the main line (secondary line often remains legally dependent). Examples: Testament of Johann Georg I of Saxony , 1651 and the main comparison of friends of the brothers from 1657.
A distinction must be made between the secondary education and a division of the country in which two or more independent, largely independent territories arise. Example: Division of Hesse among the sons of Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous , 1567 . The transitions are fluid, however.
Sometimes the secundogenitures were not formed from a division from the parental inheritance, but rather by endowing the subsequent princes with a foreign principality whose ruling family had died out or which was newly formed from ceded territories.
Secondogenitures were u. a .:
- Kingdom of Armenia 63 AD - 224 AD; see history of Armenia
- Habsburg Tuscany
- Austria-Este (Habsburg)
- Margraviate Brandenburg-Küstrin
- Bourbon-Parma , Bourbon-Sicily