Calendar overview 1567
|Philip I of Hesse , the land was divided among his four sons.||
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley ,
husband of Mary Queen of Scots ,
|Eighty Years War begins with the Battle of Oosterweel .|
|1567 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1015/16 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2110/11 (southern Buddhism); 2109/10 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||929/930 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3900/01 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||974/975 (turn of the year 7/8 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5327/28 (September 3-4)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1877/78 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1878/79 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1623/24 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 20 : The French colony France Antarctique, founded in 1555 between Rio de Janeiro and Cabo Frio , is broken up by the Portuguese .
- July 25 : Spanish conquerors found the city of Caracas in the viceroyalty of New Spain .
- March 13th : In the Battle of Oosterweel at the beginning of the Eighty Years War , a Spanish army defeats the Dutch Geusen . Their leader Jan van Marnix is killed in the battle. William of Orange , Burggraaf of Antwerp , forbids the city's Calvinists , who can watch the battle from the walls, to help their co-religionists.
- Philip II of Spain sends Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba, to the Netherlands with a Spanish army . Alba sets up the Council of Troubles , which replaces the previous jurisdiction and can summon and convict anyone, regardless of rank, status and privileges. His judgments are irrevocable and are not bound by any other authority. Because of the numerous executions he is soon called " Blood Councilor ".
- February 10 : Henry Stuart , husband of the Scottish Queen Mary Stuart is in Edinburgh murdered, while his wife is at the wedding of one of her ladies. Several Scottish nobles were involved in the assassination , including James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell , George Gordon, 5th Earl of Huntly , James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton , Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox , and Secretary of State William Maitland , involved.
- April 12th : James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell , is charged with the murder of Lord Darnley, but acquitted for lack of evidence by a jury of his peers who feared an extensive investigation into the matter. The acquittal is accompanied by a warning to continue to be politically active.
- April 19 : The Earl of Bothwell holds a banquet in his assigned rooms at Holyrood Palace to win allies. He then made a marriage proposal to Maria Stuart, which she temporarily refused.
- April 24th : Bothwell, who at this point is already married to Jean Gordon, kidnaps Queen Maria Stuart to Dunbar , where she agrees to marry. At the beginning of May Bothwell's marriage was divorced under Protestant law and declared null and void under Catholic law.
- May 12th : Mary Queen of Scots makes James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell , Duke of Orkney and Lord of Shetland, to reflect the prince consort's appropriateness. On May 15, the marriage is concluded in a Protestant liturgy. With this, Maria loses the support of the Scottish nobility and the sympathy of the Vatican and the Catholic princes of Europe. A little later the uprising of the Lords of the Congregation begins .
- June 15 : Mary Queen of Scots is defeated at the Battle of Carberry Hill by the rebellious Scottish Lords of the Congregation and imprisoned at Loch Leven Castle , on an island in Loch Leven , under the rule of William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton , and the supervision of his mother Margaret Erskine , who is also the mother of Maria's half-brother James Stewart .
- July 29th : After Maria Stuart's forced abdication five days earlier, her one-year-old son is named James VI. crowned King of Scotland . His uncle James Stewart takes over the reign.
- Maria's husband flees to Denmark, where he tries to win King Frederick II as a supporter for the liberation of the queen.
- New outbreak of the Huguenot Wars after the unsuccessful attempt by the Huguenots , King Charles IX. kidnap from France . The Second Huguenot War is the only one that the Huguenots wage offensively under the leadership of Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé . Since the Protestants in France fear measures of violence, as initiated by Duke Alba in Flanders , the Huguenot leaders Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé and Gaspard II de Coligny decide to take the young King Charles IX. to bring them into their power. The so-called Surprise de Meaux is betrayed, however, and the project fails on September 28th . Condé then set up his camp in Saint-Denis and from here besieged the royal court in Paris for six weeks.
- November 2 : After a three-day siege, 15,000 Huguenots invade the town of Le Dorat in the Limousin during the Second Huguenot War and plunder the place. The church of St-Pierre du Dorat is badly devastated.
- November 10 : When supplies in Paris are running low, the besieged units in the city under Marshal Anne de Montmorency decide to go out. In the battle of Saint-Denis , the Huguenots were driven out after bitter resistance. However, Montmorency dies two days later from wounds sustained in the battle.
Other events in Europe
- After the death of Philip I of Hesse on March 31, the country was divided into four small states among his sons: The eldest son Wilhelm IV became Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel , Ludwig IV received Hesse-Marburg , and Philip II received Hesse -Rheinfels and Georg I get the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt . That is the trigger for the Hessian War .
- In the course of the Grumbach trade, Duke Johann Friedrich II of Saxony, who had given shelter to the exiled Wilhelm von Grumbach , was imprisoned by the emperor after the conquest of Gotha and was first brought to Dresden and then to Vienna. Grumbach will be quartered on April 18 on Gotha's market square.
- January 23 : After the death of Jiajing , his eldest son Longqing ascends the Chinese throne of the Ming Dynasty as emperor . Since he was kept away from the government by his father, who disliked him and who would have liked to inherit his empire to a younger son, the new emperor has little experience in politics. Rather calm and without personal ambitions, he attaches great importance to social justice and reform. He corrected the mistakes of the Jiajing rule, pardoned his father's unjustly punished officials and banished the Daoists from the court. He also shows talent in filling the highest state offices, especially Minister Zhang Juzheng . With his advice, Longqing embarks on a liberal reform policy: farm expenditure is restricted, the smallholders exploited by the landowners are protected and the regulation of the Yellow River and the Huai are tackled. For the maintenance of the river dams, the administrative officer Pan Jixun will be in charge of the authorities for the next 29 years. Longqing also lifts the ban on sea trade.
- After the conquest of Gotha and the associated termination of the Grumbachian Handel, Elector August of Saxony had the thaler minted for the capture of Gotha .
science and technology
- The warship Adler von Lübeck , one of the largest ships of its time, is put into service under the command of Johann Brokes . However, it no longer experienced its war use in the three-crown war and is soon converted into a merchant ship.
- Lawrence Sheriff, who became wealthy as a purveyor to Queen Elizabeth I , founds the rugby school in rugby in the English county of Warwickshire . Initially, it is a free elementary school for boys from rugby and the neighboring village of Brownsover.
- Pieter Bruegel the Elder completes the paintings The Conversion of Paul , The Cockaigne and The Adoration of the Magi in the Snow .
- December 23 : After the October 23 carried resignation . Frederick IV of Wied as Elector and Archbishop of Cologne is Salentin of Isenburg elected his successor.
First half of the year
- January 25 : Margaretha of Austria , Austrian Archduchess and nun in the monastery of Santa Clara de las Descalzas Reales in Madrid († 1633 )
- January 27 : Anna Maria , Princess of Hessen-Kassel and Countess of Nassau-Saarbrücken († 1626 )
- February 3 : Anna Maria , Princess of Brandenburg and Duchess of Pomerania († 1618 )
- February 11 : Honoré d'Urfé , French writer († 1625 )
- February 12 : Thomas Campion , English composer, poet and doctor († 1620 )
- February 22nd : Erich Hedemann , Privy Councilor of Christian IV of Denmark and Count Anton Günther von Oldenburg († 1636 )
- February 23 : Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Countess of Holstein-Schauenburg and Duchess of Braunschweig-Harburg († 1618 )
- February 24 : Heinrich Matthias von Thurn , one of the main leaders of the Bohemian uprising against Ferdinand II († 1640 )
- February 28 : Eleonora de 'Medici , Duchess of Mantua († 1611 )
- March 1 : Jacob van Heemskerk , Dutch admiral, captain of the Dutch East India Company († 1607 )
- March 25 : Anna Margarete , Princess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Harburg and provost in the Quedlinburg Abbey († 1646 )
- April 15 : Johann Ludwig I , Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein († 1596 )
- May 9 : Johann Georg I , Prince of Anhalt-Dessau († 1618 )
Second half of the year
- August 21 : Francis de Sales , Bishop of Geneva / Annecy, founder of an order, doctor of the church († 1622 )
- September 2 : Georg Thurzo , Hungarian-Slovak nobleman, Palatine of Hungary († 1616 )
- October 10 : Katharina Michaela of Spain , Duchess of Savoy († 1597 )
- November 13 : Moritz von Oranien , Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, governor of Holland and Zeeland, Utrecht, Geldern and Overijssel and captain-general of the land and naval forces of the United Netherlands († 1625 )
- November 16 : Anna of Saxony , Duchess of Saxe-Coburg († 1613 )
- November 21 : Anne de Xainctonge , Burgundian-French noblewoman, founder of a Roman Catholic women's community († 1621 )
- December 11 : Philipp Christoph von Sötern , Bishop of Speyer and Archbishop and Elector of Trier († 1652 )
- December 11th : Takeda Nobukatsu , son of Takeda Katsuyori († 1582 )
- December 15 : Christoph Demantius , German composer († 1643 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Valens Acidalius , German humanist († 1595 )
- Franciscus Aguilonius , Belgian mathematician and physicist († 1617 )
- Giovanni Francesco Anerio , Italian conductor and composer († 1630 )
- Allen Apsley , English trader († 1630 )
- Jean-Baptiste Besard , French lawyer, lutenist and composer († 1625 )
Born around 1567
First half of the year
- January 12 : Eva von Trott , lover of Duke Heinrich the Younger of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (* around 1506 )
- January 17th : Sampiero Corso , Corsican nobleman, freedom fighter and folk hero (* 1497 )
- January 21 : Veit von Fraunberg , Bishop of Regensburg and Prince-Bishop of the Regensburg Bishopric
- February 10 : John VI. von der Leyen , Archbishop and Elector of Trier (* around 1510 )
- February 10 : Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley , Scottish nobleman, husband of Maria Stuart (* 1545 )
- March 12th : Margarethe , Archduchess of Austria and co-founder and canon of the Haller Damenstift (* 1536 )
- 13 March : Jan van Marnix , Lord of Toulouse, Dutch freedom fighter (* 1537 / 1538 )
- March 31 : Philip I , the Magnanimous, Landgrave of Hesse (* 1504 )
- April 2 : Ernst IV , Duke of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (* 1518 )
- April 18 : Wilhelm von Grumbach , German knight and adventurer (* 1503 )
- April 19 : Michael Stifel , German theologian and mathematician (* 1487 )
- May 3 : Leonhard Paminger , Austrian composer (* 1495 )
- May 17th : Johann von der Asseburg , imperial field bishop
- May 27 : Fazio Gaggini , Sicilian sculptor (* 1520 )
- June 19 : Anna of Brandenburg , Duchess of Mecklenburg (* 1507 )
- June 28 : Justus Jonas the Younger , German lawyer and diplomat (* 1525 )
- June 29 : Konrad von Boyneburg , leader of the Landsknechte under Emperor Charles V (* 1494 )
Second half of the year
- October 6 : Cristóbal de Oñate , Spanish conquistador (* around 1504 )
- October 14 : Barbara von Heppenheim called vom Saal , German noblewoman and abbess of the Cistercian convent Rosenthal (Palatinate)
- October 31 : Marie von Brandenburg-Kulmbach , Electress of the Palatinate (* 1519 )
- November 4th : Gerolamo Priuli , Doge of Venice (* 1486 )
- November 12th : Anne de Montmorency , French military leader, pair, marshal and connétable of France (* 1493 )
- November 13 : Pedro de la Gasca , Spanish bishop, diplomat and special envoy to Peru (* 1494 )
- November 19 : Takeda Yoshinobu , Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku period (* 1538 )
- November 30th : Wolfgang Schutzbar called Milchling , prince abbot of the imperial abbey of Fulda (* around 1530 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Giovanni Maria Aostalli , Swiss builder
- Walter Klarer , Swiss Protestant Reformed pastor in Hundwil, Herisau, Gossau and Urnäsch, reformer in Appenzellerland , innkeeper and chronicler (* 1500 )