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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Merian engraving by Landgrave Philipp I.
After the death of Philip I of Hesse , the land was divided among his four sons.
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley ,
husband of Mary Queen of Scots ,
is murdered.
Battle of Oosterweel
The Eighty Years War begins with the Battle of Oosterweel .
1567 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1015/16 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1559/60
Buddhist calendar 2110/11 (southern Buddhism); 2109/10 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Fire Rabbit 丁卯 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Tiger 丙寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 929/930 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3900/01 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 945/946
Islamic calendar 974/975 (turn of the year 7/8 July)
Jewish calendar 5327/28 (September 3-4)
Coptic calendar 1283/84
Malayalam calendar 742/743
Seleucid era Babylon: 1877/78 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1878/79 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1623/24 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

American colonies

Spanish Netherlands

Battle of Oosterweel
The Duke of Alba as chairman of the blood council


James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell
  • April 24th : Bothwell, who at this point is already married to Jean Gordon, kidnaps Queen Maria Stuart to Dunbar , where she agrees to marry. At the beginning of May Bothwell's marriage was divorced under Protestant law and declared null and void under Catholic law.
Coat of arms of James Hepburn after his elevation to Duke of Orkney and Lord of Shetland
  • May 12th : Mary Queen of Scots makes James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell , Duke of Orkney and Lord of Shetland, to reflect the prince consort's appropriateness. On May 15, the marriage is concluded in a Protestant liturgy. With this, Maria loses the support of the Scottish nobility and the sympathy of the Vatican and the Catholic princes of Europe. A little later the uprising of the Lords of the Congregation begins .
  • June 15 : Mary Queen of Scots is defeated at the Battle of Carberry Hill by the rebellious Scottish Lords of the Congregation and imprisoned at Loch Leven Castle , on an island in Loch Leven , under the rule of William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton , and the supervision of his mother Margaret Erskine , who is also the mother of Maria's half-brother James Stewart .
  • July 29th : After Maria Stuart's forced abdication five days earlier, her one-year-old son is named James VI. crowned King of Scotland . His uncle James Stewart takes over the reign.
  • Maria's husband flees to Denmark, where he tries to win King Frederick II as a supporter for the liberation of the queen.


Battle of Saint Denis
  • November 10 : When supplies in Paris are running low, the besieged units in the city under Marshal Anne de Montmorency decide to go out. In the battle of Saint-Denis , the Huguenots were driven out after bitter resistance. However, Montmorency dies two days later from wounds sustained in the battle.

Other events in Europe



Emperor Longqing
  • January 23 : After the death of Jiajing , his eldest son Longqing ascends the Chinese throne of the Ming Dynasty as emperor . Since he was kept away from the government by his father, who disliked him and who would have liked to inherit his empire to a younger son, the new emperor has little experience in politics. Rather calm and without personal ambitions, he attaches great importance to social justice and reform. He corrected the mistakes of the Jiajing rule, pardoned his father's unjustly punished officials and banished the Daoists from the court. He also shows talent in filling the highest state offices, especially Minister Zhang Juzheng . With his advice, Longqing embarks on a liberal reform policy: farm expenditure is restricted, the smallholders exploited by the landowners are protected and the regulation of the Yellow River and the Huai are tackled. For the maintenance of the river dams, the administrative officer Pan Jixun will be in charge of the authorities for the next 29 years. Longqing also lifts the ban on sea trade.


Taler for the capture of Gotha from the Dresden mint

science and technology

The eagles of Lübeck
  • The warship Adler von Lübeck , one of the largest ships of its time, is put into service under the command of Johann Brokes . However, it no longer experienced its war use in the three-crown war and is soon converted into a merchant ship.
Rugby school


  • around 1567: In France and Spain the so-called " goose belly " appears as part of men's fashion .



First half of the year

Claudio Monteverdi
(Portrait of Bernardo Strozzi )

Second half of the year

Moritz von Nassau as a child

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1567


First half of the year

Eva von Trott
Emperor Jiajing
Margarethe of Austria, posthumous portrait

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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