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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Year of Literature

Friedrich III.
Emperor Friedrich III. dies.
Maximilian I.
His son Maximilian I becomes sole ruler in the Holy Roman Empire .
Schedel world map
Hartmann Schedel publishes his world chronicle .
1493 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 941/942 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1485/86
Aztec calendar 13. Feuerstein - Matlactli omey Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th pipes - Matlactli omome Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 2036/37 (southern Buddhism); 2035/36 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the water buffalo癸丑 ( at the beginning of the year water rat 壬子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 855/856 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3826/27 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 871/872
Islamic calendar 898/899 (New Year 11/12 October)
Jewish calendar 5253/54 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 1209/10
Malayalam calendar 668/669
Seleucid era Babylon: 1803/04 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1804/05 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1531
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1549/50 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Spanish and Portuguese colonial policy

The journeys of Christopher Columbus

Replica of the Niña in Palos de la Frontera
Second journey of Columbus
Mona Island, Puerto Rico

Canary Islands

Holy Roman Empire / France

The division of the Burgundian heritage between France and Habsburg until 1493
Representation of the leg amputation
Insurgent farmer with the Bundschuh flag
  • 110 conspirators in Schlettstadt , Alsace, choose the Bundschuh as their symbol and found the peasant Bundschuh movement . They want to protest against the unjust and opaque legal system, high taxes and the resulting debt. The goals are the looting and expulsion of Jews, the introduction of a jubilee year with which all debts should become statute-barred, the abolition of customs duties, unpayment and other burdens, the abolition of the spiritual and Rottweil (Reich) court, the right to tax permits, and the limitation of the pastor to one benefice each 50–60 guilders, abolition of ear confession and own, self-chosen dishes for each community. The uprising is quickly put down and the leaders are executed.
  • The county of Lingen is separated from the county of Tecklenburg . Count Nicholas III. In the peace treaty of Hamm, von Tecklenburg-Schwerin is forced by his second eldest son, Nikolaus, to hand over control of the core area of ​​his country to him and to retire to Lingen himself.

Central and Eastern Europe

Inca Empire

Huayna Cápac
  • Huayna Cápac succeeds his father Túpac Yupanqui to the throne of the Inca Empire at the age of 17 , after he was murdered by Chuqui Ocllo, one of his wives. He is the first Inca ruler who was not born in Qusqu . Huayna Cápac continues the expansion of the empire that began under his predecessors.


science and technology

Great Wall of China

Course of the Ming Wall

World chronicles

  • December 23 : Hartmann Schedel publishes the Nuremberg Chronicle in Nuremberg , later better known as Schedelsche Weltchronik . It follows the tradition of medieval chronicles by presenting the history of the world in “world ages”. The sixth world age: the birth of Christ to his presence is the most extensive in the chronicle.

Most of the 1809 illustrations in the Schedelschen Weltchronik come from Michael Wolgemut's workshop , in which his son-in-law Wilhelm Pleydenwurff, among others, works .

Wolgemut: dance of the skeleton


Choir stalls and high altar in the choir of the Blaubeuren monastery church
Dürer: Self-Portrait with Eryngium


Historical maps and views

Strasbourg 1493
View of the city of Rhodes around 1490, published 1493


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

  • Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, known as Paracelsus , Swiss doctor, alchemist, astrologer, mystic and philosopher († 1541 )

Born around 1493

  • Alexander Stewart , Scottish humanist, Archbishop Select of St Andrews and Lord Chancellor of Scotland († 1513 )


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1493  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files