St. Kitts and Nevis
|Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis|
Motto : Country Above Self
( English for "The land above the individual")
|Form of government||Parliamentary monarchy|
|Head of state||
Queen Elizabeth II
|Head of government||Timothy Harris|
St. Kitts: 168 km²
Nevis: 93 km²
|population||56,000 (2016 estimate)|
|Population density||201 inhabitants per km²|
gross domestic product
|Human Development Index||0.675 ( 73rd ) (2016)|
|currency||East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)|
|independence||September 19, 1983
(from the UK )
|National anthem||Oh land of beauty|
|National holiday||September 19 (Independence Day)|
|Time zone||UTC − 4|
|ISO 3166||KN , KNA, 659|
|Telephone code||+1 (869) see NANP|
St. Kitts and Nevis (in the Federal Republic of Germany officially Federation St. Kitts and Nevis , in contrast in the Republic of Austria and the Swiss Confederation officially St. Kitts and Nevis , English Saint Kitts and Nevis, also officially Saint Christopher and Nevis , German St . Christopher and Nevis ) is a federal island state in the Lesser Antilles . He is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations . With its 56,000 inhabitants and an area of 269 square kilometers, the state is one of the twelve smallest generally recognized states on earth . It is named after the two islands of St. Kitts and Nevis . The capital and largest city of the country is Basseterre ; The official language is English .
The island of St. Kitts consists of three volcanic groups , which are separated from each other by deep gorges . St. Kitts has an area of 168.4 km 2 . The capital Basseterre is also located there . The highest mountain is the 1156 m high Mount Liamuiga , formerly Mount Misery .
The island of Nevis is separated from St. Kitts by a three kilometer wide canal . Nevis has an area of 93.2 km². The highest point is Nevis Peak at 985 m. Booby Island is in the strait between the two islands .
Around 46,000 people live on the two islands (update based on the 2001 census), around 13,000 of them in the capital, Basseterre . As the second largest city, Charlestown has a population of just 1700.
The islands have a hot, tropical climate, tempered by trade winds. The dry season lasts from January to April. In summer and at the end of the year, the amount of precipitation is higher and varies depending on the altitude. The annual rainfall is around 1400 mm, the main rainy season is from May to October. Cyclones can occur between August and October.
The official language of the Federation is English . However, Creole dialects are often spoken. The largest ethnic groups are blacks (90.4%), people of mixed race background (5.0%), South Asians (3.0%) and whites (including British, Lebanese and Portuguese 1.0%).
In 2017, 13.7% of the population were migrants. At the same time, even more people emigrated.
The first inhabitants came around 3000 BC. On the islands. These residents were unfamiliar with agriculture or ceramics and probably came from Florida. These hunters and gatherers later disappeared. Around 400 BC The Saladoids came , who already knew agriculture and ceramics. They came from the Orinoco Delta in present-day Venezuela. Around 800 AD they were ousted by the Igneri, who belong to the Arawak . In 1300 the Kalinago came to the islands and pushed the Igneri towards the Greater Antilles. St. Kitts called them Liamuiga (fertile island) and Nevis Oualie (land of beautiful waters). The locals had trade ties with residents of what is now the Virgin Islands and Puerto Ricos . The two islands were discovered for the Europeans on Christopher Columbus' second voyage in 1493 , but were not settled by British colonists until the beginning of the 17th century . In 1623 Sir Thomas Warner founded the St. Kitts colony. In 1626, according to the monk Jean-Baptiste Du Tertre, the English and French carried out a massacre among the Kalinago. From 1629 to 1630 the islands were briefly in Spanish possession after Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Mendoza had conquered them.
Since colonization, the islands have been a constant point of contention between France and the United Kingdom . In 1783 the British secured the islands and incorporated them into the British Empire . 99 years later, the two islands were combined with nearby Anguilla to form a union called St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla .
Between 1929 and 1930, the Great Depression plunged the country into economic and political difficulties. After trade unions and parties came into being in 1930, universal and equal suffrage was introduced in 1952, and with it women suffrage . In 1958 it joined the West Indian Federation , which existed until 1962.
From 1967, the islands were given autonomous status from the United Kingdom. For the residents of Anguilla, which was then part of the Federation, these regulations did not go far enough. So Anguilla effectively left the confederation, but remained affiliated on paper.
On September 19, 1983, the British Crown granted St. Kitts and Nevis independence. Then there was a minority government because of a stalemate in parliament, which destabilized the country. At the end of the 1990s there were independence movements on the part of the island of Nevis, which called for a separation from St. Kitts. However, this demand did not find a sufficient majority of two thirds of the islanders in a referendum.
Constitutional Law and Politics
After dating back to the 1983 constitution the country is a parliamentary monarchy in the Commonwealth of Nations with a federal structure, the head of state, making it the British monarch , currently Queen Elizabeth II. It is represented by a governor general . Sir Samuel Weymouth Tapley Seaton has held this office since September 1, 2015 .
There is a National Assembly with eleven elected members and three members appointed by the Governor General, with eight of the elected seats for St. Kitts and three for Nevis. The legislative period is five years. Nevis also has its own parliament with three appointed and five elected members.
In the parliamentary elections on February 16, 2015, Prime Minister Denzil Douglas (SKNLP) , who had been in power for 20 years, was replaced by former Foreign Minister Timothy Harris (PLP). His People's Labor Party formed a coalition with the Concerned Citizens' Movement and the People's Action Movement.
In December 2008, the government decided to reinstate the death penalty by hanging Charles Elroy Laplace , convicted of murder . In doing so, the government tried to combat the high crime rate , which makes St. Kitts one of the countries with the highest number of homicides per inhabitant (2008: 45 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants). Like the other former British colonies in the Caribbean, St. Kitts has adopted the British legal system, but the abolition of the death penalty in the former motherland 40 years ago was not implemented. The highest legal authority for St. Kitts is the Privy Council in London, which has overturned some death sentences already in the last few years. In the case of Charles Elroy Laplace, the objection period passed unused.
|Christ Church Nichola Town||Mansion||18.6||2,059||111|
|Saint Anne Sandy Point||Sandy Point Town||12.8||3,140||245|
|Saint George Basseterre||Basseterre||28.7||13,220||461|
|Saint John Capisterre||Saddlers , Dieppe Bay Town||24.8||3,181||128|
|Saint Mary Cayon||Cayon||15.1||3,374||223|
|Saint Paul Capisterre||Saint Paul's||13.8||2,460||178|
|Saint Peter Basseterre||Monkey Hill||20.7||3,472||168|
|Saint Thomas Middle Island||Middle Island||24.3||2,332||96|
|Trinity Palmetto Point||Boyd's||15.4||1,692||110|
|Saint George Gingerland||Gingerland||18.5||2,568||139|
|Saint James Windward||Newcastle||31.1||1,836||59|
|Saint John Figtree||Fig Tree||21.3||2,922||137|
|Saint Paul Charlestown||Charlestown||3.5||1,820||520|
|Saint Thomas Lowland||Cotton Ground||18.1||2,035||112|
|St. Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre||266.7||46.111||172.9|
Source: Statistics Division of Saint Kitts and Nevis
The economy of St. Kitts and Nevis is heavily dependent on tourism , in 2009 the country was visited by 200,000 mostly US tourists. The service sector therefore contributes three quarters of the gross domestic product of 1,459 million US dollars (adjusted for purchasing power, 2016). Industry contributes around a quarter; the production of simple consumer goods such as textiles and shoes as well as food processing dominate. With around 2.5% of economic output, agriculture is hardly of any importance; rice , bananas and various types of vegetables are grown , and there is also fishing . The GDP per capita is above the global average.
Until about 1970, the islands' most important industry was the cultivation and processing of sugar , and since then the state-owned companies have only posted losses and drove the country's national debt to over a billion US dollars, one of the highest values in the world as measured by gross domestic product. Sugar processing was therefore stopped in 2005, and since then the country has been confronted with rising unemployment and the need to restructure the economy as quickly as possible. Are Angedacht approximately to financial services , tourism and export-oriented industries. Exports and tourism revenues are nowhere near enough to cover imports, with the country running a current account deficit of US $ 139 million in 2010 . The main trading partner is the USA .
The state budget in 2016 comprised an estimated expenditure of 333.3 million US dollars , which was offset by income of the equivalent of 370.4 million US dollars.
The national debt in 2013 was around $ 1 billion, or 83% of GDP.
Commercial radio broadcasts began in the 1930s. Thereafter, the BBC took over the broadcasting of programs with the help of which the first regular radio program ZIZ (today ZIZ 96 FM , VHF since 1973) was started. The cooperation with the BBC made it possible to offer a differentiated program with information, education and entertainment. The sister station Big Wave 96.7 FM was added in 2004. The West Indies News Network is an Internet portal and the operator of the VHF radio program WINN FM 98.9 . The owner, the Federation Media Group, has 50 shareholders, none of whom owns more than 10 percent of the shares in order to avoid individual dominance. The operator sees itself as the leading media company. Radio Paradise of Trinity Broadcasting Network can be received through a local medium-wave transmitter. There are also numerous private broadcasting stations with video and audio streams.
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- About us - winnfm.com