Tanganyika (also Tanganyika ) is the name for the mainland of Tanzania including the island of Mafia ; or for the former territory of German East Africa without Rwanda , Burundi and the 1919 Mozambique Affiliate south of the Rovuma lying Kionga Triangle . It was introduced as a country name when the greater part of the German colonial area was transferred to Great Britain as a mandate area after the First World War .
The decision for the name was made by the British Colonial Minister Alfred Milner , who wanted a local name with a clear local reference. Therefore, proposals such as New Maryland, Windsorland and Victoria were discarded. “Kilimanjaro” and “Tabora” were also included in the shortlist before Milner decided on “Tanganyika Territory”.
The area was named after Lake Tanganyika on its western border and has been administered by Great Britain since its conquest in World War I. In 1922 Tanganyika was given a mandate to Great Britain by the League of Nations . In 1946 it became the British trusteeship of the United Nations ; in 1958 and 1959, parliamentary elections were held for the first time in Tanganyika . It gained independence on December 9, 1961.
On June 9, 1962, the "Republic of Tanganyika" was founded, in which presidential elections were held in the same year . Tanganyika became a sovereign but short-lived republic, which on April 26, 1964 united with the island state of Zanzibar, initially under the name United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar . The republic was then renamed the United Republic of Tanzania about six months later on November 1, 1964 .
Zanzibar has its own political structures within Tanzania. When political tensions between Zanzibar and the entire government increased since the end of the 20th century, groups formed on the mainland who again demand a separate political identity for "Tanganyika".