St. Vincent and the Grenadines

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag of St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Coat of arms of St. Vincent and the Grenadines
flag coat of arms
Motto : Pax et Justitia.
Latin , "Peace and Justice"
Official language English
Capital Kingstown
Form of government Parliamentary monarchy
Head of state Queen Elizabeth II

represented by Governor General Susan Dougan

Head of government Ralph Gonsalves
surface 389 km²
population 111,000
Population density 301 inhabitants per km²
gross domestic product
  • Total (nominal)
  • Total ( PPP )
  • GDP / inh. (nominal)
  • GDP / inh. ( KKP )
  • $ 775 million ( 179. )
  • $ 1,241 million ( 180. )
  • 7,038 USD ( 82. )
  • 11,271 USD ( 105. )
Human Development Index 0.719 (91.)
currency East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
independence October 27, 1979
(from the UK )
National anthem St. Vincent Land So Beautiful
Time zone UTC − 4
License Plate WV
Internet TLD .vc
Telephone code +1 (784) see NANP
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St. Vincent and the Grenadines ( listen ? / I ), officially English Saint Vincent and the Grenadines , is an independent island state in the Caribbean in the area of ​​the West Indies . He is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Bolivarian Alliance for America . Audio file / audio sample


The islands are south of St. Lucia and north of Grenada . The island of Barbados is about 180 km to the east .

The island state includes the island of St. Vincent and the 32 islands of the northern Grenadines , which belong to the Lesser Antilles . The southern Grenadines with the islands of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique do not belong to St. Vincent and the Grenadines , but to the national territory of Grenada . The capital and largest city of the country is Kingstown .


Population development

A total of around 117,000 people live in the island state. The annual growth rate of the population is 0.3%. As of 2002, 43% of the total population live in rural areas, while the remaining 57% live in cities.

year population
1950 66,998
1960 80,949
1970 90,452
1980 100.505
1990 107.505
2000 107,898
2010 109,315
2017 109,897

Source: UN


The population is made up of around 65.5% blacks of African origin and around 19% of mulattos . There are also 5.5% Indian and 3.5% white.


Approx. 80% of the residents profess Protestantism (including about 40% Anglicans and 30% Methodists ), about 11% to the Roman Catholic Church ; 0.5% are Jehovah's Witnesses .


Port Elizabeth at Bequia

St. Vincent is on an immigration route from North America to South America. The island has probably been around since the 5th millennium BC. At least temporarily settled. From 700 BC The Arawak settled the island. They were expelled from the Caribs around 800 AD . The Caribs called the island Hairoun ("home of the blessed").

Christopher Columbus sighted the island on January 22nd, 1498, the day of St. Vincent of Valencia , after whom he named her.

In the early 17th century, the island was claimed by both Great Britain and France . The rule over the island changed again and again between the two kingdoms and the Caribs in the following decades. In 1783, France ceded St. Vincent to Great Britain.

European colonists soon began growing sugar cane throughout the Caribbean , with most of the work being done by African slaves . In 1635 a slave ship ran aground off St. Vincent. The “black” Caribs were formed from the descendants of the survivors and the native “yellow” Caribs.

Over time, more and more Africans were brought to work in the plantations on the island. Soon the Africans, and no longer the Europeans or Caribs, made up the majority of the population. To feed the rapidly growing population, new crops were introduced to the island, such as the breadfruit brought to the island by William Bligh , previously in command of the famous Bounty , on his second breadfruit voyage in 1793.

Kingstown in the 1890s
Kingstown (2005)

In 1838 slavery was abolished on St. Vincent and a new society developed in which the now free descendants of the slaves formed the majority of the population. The big landowners brought Indian contract workers to the island. A number of Portuguese immigrated in the middle of the 19th century . Today's "Vincentians" were formed through the mixing of the many cultures.

Active and passive women's suffrage was introduced on May 5, 1951. The principles of universal, equal, secret and direct suffrage had been in effect since the 1951 House of Assembly elections .

St. Vincent remained a British colony until 1969 before it was given wide-ranging autonomy . From 1958 to 1962 St. Vincent was a member of the West Indian Federation . In 1975 the country became an associated state and became independent on October 27, 1979 under the new name of St. Vincent and the Grenadines , but remained in the Commonwealth . The women's suffrage was confirmed at independence 1979th

The movie Pirates of the Caribbean was later shot in St. Vincent.


St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a member of the UN , CARICOM , OECS , OAS , CELAC and in the Commonwealth of Nations . The country is also one of the sponsors of the University of the West Indies .

St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth Realm and thus a parliamentary monarchy with the British Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. Since Frederick Ballantyne's resignation on July 31, 2019, she has been represented by Governor General Susan Dougan . The head of government is Ralph Gonsalves .

Parliament is called the House of Assembly and consists of 21 members, 15 of whom are elected and 6 appointed every five years. All persons over the age of 18 are entitled to vote. The last election took place on December 13, 2010. The United Labor Party ULP won 8 seats and the New Democratic Party 7 seats.

On June 24, 2009, St. Vincent and the Grenadines joined the Bolivarian Alliance for America . The Iran , which has observer status in this organization, engages in St. Vincent and the Grenadines with economic aid and loans at low interest rates. During the civil war in Libya in 2011 , the government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines joined Hugo Chávez's negotiation proposal .

Administrative division

The state is divided into six administrative districts ( parishes ). The six parishes are:


MQS Airport



Shop on
Mustique Island
Beach on Mustique

The country exported goods worth $ 42.2 million in 2002 . Of this, 31% was bananas , 16% flour , 11% rice . The four most important trading partners are here with 40% Great Britain , 10% Trinidad and Tobago , 9% St. Lucia and 9% Barbados .

An important economic factor is tourism , which creates many jobs. 61% of employment comes from the service sector , followed by 20% from industry and 15% from agriculture .

A major problem is the high unemployment rate of 22%.

The gross national product in 2002 was EUR 282.5 million. That corresponds to 2416 euros per inhabitant.

The government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a member of the economic alliance Bolivarian Alternative for America .

On January 28, 2016, the EU Commission presented a package of measures to combat tax evasion , in which St. Vincent and the Grenadines appear on the black list of tax havens .

State budget

The state budget included expenditures in 2016 of the equivalent of 222.2 million US dollars , which were income equivalent to 222.2 million US Dollar against. This results in a balanced budget .
The national debt was 79.2% of GDP in 2016.

The expenditure was distributed (in% of GDP) as follows:

  • Health : 8.6% (2014)
  • Education : 5.1% (2010)
  • Military : k. A. (St. Vincent and the Grenadines have no military in the strict sense).

Means of communication

Fixed line and mobile telephony

In 2005 the country had 22,500 landline telephone lines. In 2004 there were already 57,000 cell phones in St. Vincent and the Grenadines . In 2015, 24,865 residents had a landline telephone connection, but at the same time there were 113,000 cell phones, which is more than 1,000 residents. The connections are provided by two providers - Digicel and Flow.


The country has nine radio stations (as of 2007) and one television station. All radio stations broadcast on FM and can therefore not be received internationally. According to the Freedom of the Press report by the non-governmental organization Freedom House , the press in St. Vincent and the Grenadines is considered "Free". According to the report, the country even has one of the freest presses on the entire American continent. (As of 2017)


Web links

Wiktionary: St. Vincent and the Grenadines  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : St. Vincent and the Grenadines  - Collection of images, videos, and audio files
Wikimedia Atlas: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  - geographical and historical maps

Individual evidence

  2. [1] (PDF) International Monetary Fund
  3. Human Development Report Office: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Country Profile: Human Development Indicators, accessed October 25, 2014.
  4. St. Vincent and the Grenadines. In: Foreign Office. October 2008, accessed June 9, 2009 .
  5. World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations. Retrieved July 28, 2017 .
  6. ^ Jad Adams: Women and the Vote. A world history. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2014, ISBN 978-0-19-870684-7 , page 438
  7. ^ Mart Martin: The Almanac of Women and Minorities in World Politics. Westview Press Boulder, Colorado, 2000, p. 328.
  8. Bernd Hillebrands: St. Vincent and the Grenadines. In: Dieter Nohlen (Ed.): Handbook of the election data of Latin America and the Caribbean (= political organization and representation in America. Volume 1). Leske + Budrich, Opladen 1993, ISBN 3-8100-1028-6 , pp. 695-701, p. 697.
  9. - New Parline: the IPU's Open Data Platform (beta). In: May 5, 1951, accessed September 28, 2018 .
  12. Trend: EU wants new black list of tax havens
  13. a b c d e The World Factbook
  14. This Business of Public Debt ( Memento of November 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  15. ^ The Fischer World Almanac 2010: Figures Data Facts, Fischer, Frankfurt, September 8, 2009, ISBN 978-3-596-72910-4
  16. Freedom of the Press 2017 | Freedom House. Retrieved November 26, 2017 .

Coordinates: 13 ° 15 ′  N , 61 ° 12 ′  W