An island state is a state that consists of one or more islands or parts of islands and does not belong to any part of the land area of a continent . Island states are different from landlocked and coastal states .
Of the 195 sovereign states in the world recognized by the United Nations , 46, or around a quarter, are island states. There are also four other, only partially recognized island states.
The largest island state in terms of area is Indonesia , the next largest island states (in terms of area) Madagascar , Papua New Guinea , Japan , the Philippines , New Zealand and the United Kingdom . Australia is not mentioned in this list , although it is de facto an island state, it does not come under the term because Australia is an independent continent (see Australia (continent) or Australia and Oceania ).
Not all island states are completely isolated. The following list comments on those who have a land border .
List of island states
|No.||State name||Capital||Area in km²||population||annotation|
|1||Indonesia||Jakarta||1,912,988||229,965,000||borders Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor|
|3||Papua New Guinea||Port Moresby||462.840||6,732,000||borders with Indonesia: New Guinea Island|
|7th||United Kingdom||London||242.910||62.041.708||borders Ireland, Gibraltar is on the mainland|
|10||Ireland||Dublin||70.273||4,459,300||borders the United Kingdom: Northern Ireland|
|12||Dominican Republic||Santo Domingo||48,730||9,507,133||borders Haiti: Hispaniola Island|
|-||Republic of China||Taipei||36.006||23,127,845||The Republic of China was not an island nation when it was founded in 1912. After the Chinese civil war , however, the Republic of China only controls the islands of Taiwan , Penghu , Kinmen , Matsu and a few other islands in the South China Sea . Mainland China has been controlled by the People's Republic of China since 1949 .|
|13||Haiti||Port-au-Prince||27,750||9,035,536||borders the Dominican Republic: Hispaniola Island|
|16||East Timor||Dili||14,409||1,134,000||borders with Indonesia: Timor Island|
|20th||Republic of Cyprus||Nicosia||9,251||870,000||borders the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Island of Cyprus|
|21st||Brunei||Bandar Seri Begawan||5,765||388.190||borders Malaysia: Borneo Island|
|22nd||Trinidad and Tobago||Port of Spain||5,128||1,299,953|
|-||Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus||Lefkoşa||3,355||294,406||borders the Republic of Cyprus: Island of Cyprus|
|27||Sao Tome and Principe||Sao Tome||1,001||206.178|
|33||Singapore||Singapore||683||4,987,600||has border crossings with Malaysia: Pulau Ujong Island on the coast|
|37||Antigua and Barbuda||Saint John's||442||85,632|
|39||St. Vincent and the Grenadines||Kingstown||389||117,200|
|43||St. Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre||261||40.131|
- List of shared islands
- List of states in the world
- Small island developing countries
- List of island lists (by state)
- List of the largest islands in the world
- The city of Tokyo was dissolved in 1943, the capital function is performed by the 23 districts of Tokyo , which are considered separate cities. In addition, it is unclear whether Tokyo is also de jure the capital, as there has never been an explicit, official relocation of the capital from Kyoto to Tokyo (see capital of Japan ).
- De facto island state , only partially recognized and not a member of the United Nations .
- Yaren is not the capital Naurus, but the seat of government. Nauru has no official capital.