Island nation

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Island states worldwide (green: with land border to another state ; blue: without land border)

An island state is a state that consists of one or more islands or parts of islands and does not belong to any part of the land area of a continent . Island states are different from landlocked and coastal states .

Of the 195 sovereign states in the world recognized by the United Nations , 46, or around a quarter, are island states. There are also four other, only partially recognized island states.

The largest island state in terms of area is Indonesia , the next largest island states (in terms of area) Madagascar , Papua New Guinea , Japan , the Philippines , New Zealand and the United Kingdom . Australia is not mentioned in this list , although it is de facto an island state, it does not come under the term because Australia is an independent continent (see Australia (continent) or Australia and Oceania ).

Not all island states are completely isolated. The following list comments on those who have a land border .

List of island states

No. State name Capital Area in km² population annotation
1 IndonesiaIndonesia Indonesia Jakarta 1,912,988 229,965,000 borders Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor
2 MadagascarMadagascar Madagascar Antananarivo 587.041 20,653,556
3 Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 462.840 6,732,000 borders with Indonesia: New Guinea Island
4th JapanJapan Japan Tokyo 377.837 127,380,000
5 PhilippinesPhilippines Philippines Manila 299.764 91,983,000
6th New ZealandNew Zealand New Zealand Wellington 270,534 4,376,146
7th United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom London 242.910 62.041.708 borders Ireland, Gibraltar is on the mainland
8th CubaCuba Cuba Havana 110,860 11,236,444
9 IcelandIceland Iceland Reykjavík 103,000 317,593
10 IrelandIreland Ireland Dublin 70.273 4,459,300 borders the United Kingdom: Northern Ireland
11 Sri LankaSri Lanka Sri Lanka Colombo 65,610 20,650,000
12 Dominican RepublicDominican Republic Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 48,730 9,507,133 borders Haiti: Hispaniola Island
- TaiwanRepublic of China (Taiwan) Republic of China Taipei 36.006 23,127,845 The Republic of China was not an island nation when it was founded in 1912. After the Chinese civil war , however, the Republic of China only controls the islands of Taiwan , Penghu , Kinmen , Matsu and a few other islands in the South China Sea . Mainland China has been controlled by the People's Republic of China since 1949 .
13 HaitiHaiti Haiti Port-au-Prince 27,750 9,035,536 borders the Dominican Republic: Hispaniola Island
14th Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands Solomon Islands Honiara 27,556 523,000
15th FijiFiji Fiji Suva 18,367 849,000
16 East TimorEast Timor East Timor Dili 14,409 1,134,000 borders with Indonesia: Timor Island
17th BahamasBahamas Bahamas Nassau 13,939 330,000
18th VanuatuVanuatu Vanuatu Port Vila 12,190 243304
19th JamaicaJamaica Jamaica Kingston 10,991 2,825,928
20th Cyprus RepublicRepublic of Cyprus Republic of Cyprus Nicosia 9,251 870,000 borders the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Island of Cyprus
21st BruneiBrunei Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 5,765 388.190 borders Malaysia: Borneo Island
22nd Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 5,128 1,299,953
23 Cape VerdeCape Verde Cape Verde Praia 4.033 516,733
- Northern CyprusTurkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Lefkoşa 3,355 294,406 borders the Republic of Cyprus: Island of Cyprus
24 SamoaSamoa Samoa Apia 2,831 179,000
25th MauritiusMauritius Mauritius Port Louis 2,040 1,284,264
26th ComorosComoros Comoros Moroni 1,862 614,000
27 Sao Tome and PrincipeSao Tome and Principe Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome 1,001 206.178
28 KiribatiKiribati Kiribati South Tarawa 811 112,850
29 TongaTonga Tonga Nuku'alofa 748 104,000
30th DominicaDominica Dominica Roseau 746 72,660
31 BahrainBahrain Bahrain Manama 711 1,046,814
32 Micronesia, Federated StatesMicronesia Micronesia Palikir 702 111,000
33 SingaporeSingapore Singapore Singapore 683 4,987,600 has border crossings with Malaysia: Pulau Ujong Island on the coast
34 Saint LuciaSt. Lucia St. Lucia Castries 616 173.765
35 PalauPalau Palau Ngerulmud 508 20,750
36 SeychellesSeychelles Seychelles Victoria 454 87,500
37 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's 442 85,632
38 BarbadosBarbados Barbados Bridgetown 430 284,589
39 Saint Vincent GrenadinesSt. Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 389 117,200
40 GrenadaGrenada Grenada St. George's 345 90,739
41 MaltaMalta Malta Valletta 316 413,609
42 MaldivesMaldives Maldives Times 298 319,000
43 Saint Kitts NevisSt. Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 261 40.131
- NiueNiue Niue Alofi 260 1,350
- Cook IslandsCook Islands Cook Islands Avarua 236 11,500
44 Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands Marshall Islands Majuro 181 62,000
45 TuvaluTuvalu Tuvalu Funafuti 26th 12,373
46 NauruNauru Nauru Yaren 21st 13,770

See also


  1. The city ​​of Tokyo was dissolved in 1943, the capital function is performed by the 23 districts of Tokyo , which are considered separate cities. In addition, it is unclear whether Tokyo is also de jure the capital, as there has never been an explicit, official relocation of the capital from Kyoto to Tokyo (see capital of Japan ).
  2. a b c d e De facto island state , only partially recognized and not a member of the United Nations .
  3. Yaren is not the capital Naurus, but the seat of government. Nauru has no official capital.