|Website||www.mairie-antananarivo.mg ( French )|
View over the city with Lac Anosy in the center
Antananarivo ([ antananaˈriːvu ], abbreviated Tana , formerly also Tananarive ) is the capital and with 1,816,000 inhabitants also by far the largest city in Madagascar . The administrative seat of the province of Antananarivo is located at an altitude of up to 1435 m above sea level in the central mountainous region of the island. Antananarivo is the geographical, administrative and industrial center of the country.
The place was founded around 1625. The name means the city of a thousand . In 1797 it became the capital of the Merina kings.
The conquests of King Radama I made Antananarivo the capital of almost all of Madagascar . In 1895 the city was occupied by France and incorporated into its protectorate of Madagascar. During the colonial period and shortly after the island became independent, the city was named Tananarive .
According to United Nations figures, the population of the Antananarivo agglomeration grew from 177,000 in 1950 to 2.9 million in 2017.
Population development of the agglomeration according to the UN
The city is divided into six arrondissements .
Mayor from September 12, 2007 was Andry Rajoelina , who had been elected with 63.32% of the vote. After unrest in the city in January 2009, he called on President Marc Ravalomanana to resign; on February 3, 2009, Ravalomanana was deposed by the government and Rajoelina was his interim successor.
The economy relies on the production of food and textiles. Antananarivo is the administrative, communication and economic center of Madagascar.
In order to improve local public transport, the old Tana tram is currently being reactivated with material donations from Switzerland . Old train compositions of the Zürcher Forchbahn and other Swiss private railways are to run on the narrow-gauge network . The route network has a length of 25 kilometers. However, the project was never implemented.
The city is the seat of the Université d'Antananarivo and the Collège Rural d'Ambatobe . The Goethe-Institut has a library focusing on Madagascar. Other foreign institutes such as the Alliance Française and various international aid organizations are also based here.
- The old Royal Palace Rova (externally rebuilt after the fire in 1995).
- At the zoo Tsimbazaza can lemurs and other endemic species to the public.
- The Zoma (Friday market), which used to paralyze the city center every Friday, was divided into several districts in the mid-1990s. Practically everything that the island offers in terms of goods can be bought in the markets, for example green pepper , vanilla , medicinal herbs of the Ombiasy, arts and crafts or precious stones.
- The Pirate Museum, opened in 2008, tells the story of the pirates and those of Madagascar who once created the pirate republic of Libertalia there.
According to a list of the world's most unhealthy cities published by Forbes magazine , Antananarivo ranks third.
sons and daughters of the town
- Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo (1901–1937), writer and translator
- Gabriel Ramanantsoa (1906–1979), President and Prime Minister of Madagascar 1972–1975
- Claude Simon (1913–2005), French writer and Nobel Prize for Literature
- Raymond Razakarinvony (* 1927), former Roman Catholic Bishop of Miarinarivo
- Guy Razanamasy (1928–2011), politician
- Richard Ratsimandrava (1931–1975), President of Madagascar in February 1975
- Pascal Rakotomavo (1934-2010), politician
- Alain Serpaggi (* 1938), French racing driver
- Raymond Ranjeva (* 1942), lawyer and Vice-President of the International Court of Justice
- Charles Rabemananjara (* 1947), Prime Minister of Madagascar from 2007 to 2009
- Yves Oppenheim (* 1948), French painter
- Jean-Paul Randriamanana (1950–2011), clergyman and Roman Catholic bishop
- Appolite Ramaroson Rarison (* 1951), Vice Admiral and one-day President of Madagascar
- Philippe Eidel (1956–2018), French music producer, director and composer
- Tony Rabeson (* 1958), jazz drummer
- D'Gary (* 1961 as Ernest Randriana solo), guitarist
- John van Lottum (* 1976), Dutch tennis player
- Dally Randriantefy (born 1977), tennis player
- Natacha Randriantefy (* 1978), tennis player
- Faneva Andriatsima (* 1984), football player
- Lalaïna Nomenjanahary (* 1986), football player
- Fetra Ratsimiziva (* 1991), judoka
Despite its location in the tropics , Antananarivo is in the temperate climatic zone , which is why it is sometimes referred to as cold tropical due to its high location . Summer corresponds to the rainy season, winter to the dry season. Ground frost in winter is rare but not uncommon. Daytime temperatures in summer are rarely around 30 ° C or higher.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Antananarivo
- Website of the municipality (French / Madag.)
- CIA World Factbook: Madagascar
- World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division - United Nations. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on July 11, 2017 ; accessed on July 24, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Maverick mayor says Madagascar is dictatorship Mail & Guardian
- AFP, (February 3, 2009) Madagascar sacks capital city mayor ( Memento of March 24, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) France 24
- Forchbahn in Madagascar
- Tiffany M. Luck: Negative Ranking: The Dirtiest Metropolises in the World. Poison is in the air. In: Spiegel Online . February 29, 2008, accessed August 20, 2015 .
- Fetra Ratsimiziva in the database of Sports-Reference (English)