|Country||Sao Tome and Principe|
|density||3,135.3 Ew. / km²|
São Tomé is the capital of the African island state of São Tomé and Príncipe and the capital of the province of São Tomé and the district of Água Grande . The city is named after the holy apostle Thomas . The national language is Portuguese, with a relatively large Creole minority.
The city is the capital of the island of São Tomé its name after the discovery on St. Thomas Day , the 21st December 1471 by João de Santarém on behalf of Pêro Escobar after day Saints Holy Apostles Thomas named.
The port city is located on the northeast coast of the island of São Tomé in the Gulf of Guinea , just a few kilometers north of the equator . As on the rest of the island, the soils are very fertile as the entire island is made up of extinct volcanoes.
- in particular the role of the island as a hub of the Portuguese slave trade
In 1493, however, King John II transferred the fiefdom for the island of São Tomé to a nobleman named Álvaro de Caminha , including the right to force criminals and prostitutes to the island without payment to a royal office. After the Spanish Edict of the Alhambra , many Jews fled to Portugal, but had to convert here and give up their children for adoption by Catholics. Caminho's fleet traveled to São Tomé with two thousand of these Jewish children . De Caminha founded the first fortified city with these settlers, which in 1522 became the capital of the entire colony.
Until 1961, when everyone was granted Portuguese citizenship and could vote in local elections, all locals were excluded from the right to vote. Active and passive women's suffrage was introduced on July 12, 1975.
The city had 53,300 inhabitants in 2004
The Portuguese colonization went hand in hand with the Catholic mission. Already in 1534 Pope Paul III. with the bull Aequum reputamus São Tomé as Suffragandiocese to the seat of the diocese of São Tomé and Príncipe of the Catholic Church with the cathedral Nossa Senhora da Graça . The Portuguese architectural heritage can be seen in the many churches from the colonial era.
In 1996, the Polytechnic Instituto Superior Politecnico was founded here, which was merged into the newly founded Universidade de São Tomé e Príncipe in 2014 . Since 2002 the Biblioteca Nacional de São Tomé e Príncipe has been based in the capital.
Some light industry companies are located in the capital, producing bricks, soap and beverages, among other things. Mainly agricultural products such as bananas , cocoa and copra are exported through the port .
Not far from the city is the international airport , the home airport of the national airline STP Airways , which brings around 2,000 tourists to the island each year. TAP Portugal flies to São Tomé Airport once a week from Lisbon.
São Tomé is connected to the other coastal towns on the island via a ring road.
sons and daughters of the town
- José Vianna da Motta (1868–1948), Portuguese pianist and composer
- José de Sousa e Faro (1886–1962), Portuguese military and colonial administrator, Governor General of Angola 1930/31
- Francisco José Tenreiro (1921–1963), poet, essayist, geographer and politician
- Guadalupe de Ceita (* 1929), doctor, writer and politician, important independence activist
- Miguel Trovoada (* 1936), Prime Minister (1975–1979) and President (1991–2001) of São Tomé and Príncipe
- Aurélio Martins (* 1966), journalist, entrepreneur and politician, President of the MLSTP since 2011
- Nuno Espírito Santo (* 1974), Portuguese football goalkeeper and coach
- Severina Cravid (* 1978), Portuguese athlete
- Naide Gomes (* 1979), Portuguese athlete
- Harramiz Soares (* 1990), football player
- Gedson Fernandes (* 1999), Portuguese football player
- Daniel Cattier, Juan Gélas, Fanny Glissant (Directors): Human Trafficking - A Brief History of Slavery. Episode 2: 1375–1620: For all gold in the world. France, 2018. ( Online at arte -tv)
- June Hannam, Mitzi Auchterlonie, Katherine Holden: International Encyclopedia of Women's Suffrage. ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara, Denver, Oxford 2000, ISBN 1-57607-064-6 , p. 10.
- Mart Martin: The Almanac of Women and Minorities in World Politics. Westview Press Boulder, Colorado, 2000, p. 332.