Calendar overview 1454
|Francesco Sforza is recognized by Venice as Duke of Milan .||
prints the Gutenberg Bible .
Venice and Genoa sign trade agreements
with the Ottoman Empire .
|1454 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||902/903 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13th house - Matlactli omey Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1997/98 (southern Buddhism); 1996/97 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||816/817 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||858/59 (turn of the year 21/22 December)|
|Jewish calendar||5214/15 (22/23 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1764/65 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1765/66 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1510/11 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Thirteen Years War
- February 4th : After the Emperor declared the Prussian Federation of Hanseatic Cities and Nobles to be illegal at the instigation of the Teutonic Order , the Bund denounced obedience to the Order and opened the Thirteen Years' War against the Teutonic Order, referring to the Polish King .
- February 10 : The Polish King Casimir IV Jagiełło marries Elisabeth von Habsburg , the daughter of the German King Albrecht II and the granddaughter of Emperor Sigismund . This marriage affirmed the Jagiellonian claims to crowns of Hungary and Bohemia and strengthened the ties between the House of Habsburg and the Jagiellonians. During the wedding ceremony, representatives of the Prussian Federation seek help against the Teutonic Order and receive pledges of support from Kasimir.
- In the statute of Nieszawa , the Polish nobility enforced various privileges from the king before the war against the Teutonic Order.
- September 18 : In the Battle of Konitz , the numerically inferior contingent of the Teutonic Order can destroy the Polish army of King Casimir IV Jagiello .
Ottoman Empire / Balkans
- The Ottomans conquer large parts of Serbia . The Serbian despot Đurađ Branković tries in vain to seek support for his defensive struggle in Hungary and Vienna.
- April 9 : The Peace of Lodi ends the armed conflict between the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Milan . Venice recognizes Francesco I. Sforza as Duke of Milan and receives the city of Crema in return . The Adda River will be the borderline between the two states for 300 years. In August Florence is also included in the peace order. A little later, Pope Nicholas V and the Kingdom of Naples also join the peace and thus establish a pentarchy in Italy .
- November: In Lüneburg, 60 citizens compile the list of demands made by the sixties on the new city council.
- February 17th : The Pheasant Festival takes place at the court of the Burgundian Duke Philip the Good in Lille , with which the idea of the crusade is to be rekindled in Europe.
- March 27th : Because of the English King Henry VI. If the mental deficiency occurred, Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York Reich Protector.
- May 8 : Seigneur Jean I of Monaco leaves a will on his death, which is of importance for the succession of the Grimaldi to this day and which provides for a subsidiary female succession. Jean's son Catalano becomes the new master of Monaco.
- Muhammad XI. , who based his rule as Emir of Granada mainly on the Banigash clan , was overthrown by the Abencerrags with the help of the Kingdom of Castile. Their favorite Said will be the new emir. When Muhammad tries to seize power again, he is captured and executed with his sons in the Alhambra .
- Economic history of the Republic of Venice : Venice and Genoa sign trade agreements with the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II.
- October 30th : Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy marries Isabelle de Bourbon for the second time in Lille .
- With the toleration of Sultan Mehmed II , the ecumenical patriarchate of Constantinople is established by Gennadios Scholarios , the patriarch of Constantinople , and the patriarch becomes the head of all Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire.
Historical documents, maps and views
Date of birth saved
- May 21 : Hermolaus Barbarus , Italian scholastic, poet and humanist († 1493 )
- May 28 , May 29 and June 3 : Bogislaw X , Duke of Pomerania († 1523 )
- June 9 : Barbara von Bayern , Wittelsbach princess and Poor Clare in Munich († 1472 )
- July 14 : Angelo Poliziano , Italian humanist and poet († 1494 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Chödrag Gyatsho , 7th Karmapa of the Karma Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism († 1506 )
- Ernst , Prince of Anhalt-Dessau († 1516 )
- Georg II , Prince of Anhalt-Köthen († 1509 )
- John Maxwell, 3rd Lord Maxwell , Scottish nobleman († 1513 )
- René , Duke of Alençon and Count of Le Perche († 1492 )
- Johannes Scheyring , Rector of the University of Leipzig, Canon in Magdeburg († 1516 )
- Bernardino Fernández de Velasco y Mendoza , Spanish nobleman, military leader and politician († 1512 )
Born around 1454
- Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany , Scottish nobleman († 1485 )
- Edo Wiemken the Younger , East Frisian chief, Lord of Jever († 1511 )
Date of death secured
- before February 14th: Herbert Maxwell, 1st Lord Maxwell , Scottish nobleman
- March 4 : Hynek Kruschina von Lichtenburg , Bohemian Hussite commander as well as governor and pledge holder of Glatz, Münsterberg and Frankenstein (* 1392 )
- March 22 : John Kemp , Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor (* 1380 )
- May 8 : Jean I , Seigneur of Monaco (* 1382 )
- May 19 : John XIII. Haes , Bishop of Olomouc
- June 27 : Heinrich Tocke , German theologian (* around 1390 )
- July 20 : John II , King of Castile (* 1405 )
- October 27 : Magdalena von Brandenburg , Duchess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (* around 1412 )
- December 12th : Jean d'Arces , Archbishop of Tarentaise (* around 1370 )