from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 14th century | 15th century | 16th century |
| 1420s | 1430s | 1440s | 1450s | 1460s | 1470s | 1480s |
◄◄ | | 1449 | 1450 | 1451 | 1452 | 1453 | 1454 | 1455 | 1456 | 1457 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Siege of Constantinople, French miniature by Jean Chartier, 3rd quarter of the 15th century
The siege of Constantinople ends
with the conquest of the city by the Ottoman Empire .
Battle of Castillon
The Hundred Years War ends with the
Battle of Castillon .
Constantine XI
The last Byzantine emperor
Constantine XI.
falls against the Ottomans.
1453 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 901/902 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1445/46
Aztec calendar 12. Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th tubes - Matlactli ozce Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 1996/97 (southern Buddhism); 1995/96 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the water tap癸酉 ( at the beginning of the year water monkey 壬申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 815/816 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 831/832
Islamic calendar 856/57 (turn of the year 11/12 January)
Jewish calendar 5213/14 (September 3-4)
Coptic calendar 1169/70
Malayalam calendar 628/629
Seleucid era Babylon: 1763/64 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1764/65 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1491
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1509/10 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Byzantine Empire / Ottoman Empire

Expansion of the Byzantine and Ottoman empires around 1450
  • January 29th : The Genoese Giovanni Giustiniani Longo arrives with 700 well-armed men from Genoa , Chios and Rhodes in Constantinople, which is threatened by the Ottoman Empire . Upon his arrival he is greeted effusively, the Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI. gives him command of the land walls and promises him the island of Lemnos as a fief after the victory . Likewise, the captains of two Venetian galleys stopping in Constantinople on the way back from the Holy Land undertake to remain in the city and support the defenders.
  • February 27th : Seven galleys with about 700 Latins leave Constantinople for Italy. Many other Venetians and Genoese, including citizens from the neighboring Genoese settlement of Pera , decide to help defend the city. These include many members of distinguished families such as the Venetian Cornaro , Mocenigo , Contarini and Venier , who recruit small troops from their own resources.
  • March: A count by the Byzantine historian and imperial secretary Georgios Sphrantzes comes to 4973 Greeks capable of arms and almost 2000 foreigners who are available for the defense of Constantinople . This small number of defenders comes as a shock to the emperor, and he orders them to be kept secret. In the weeks that followed, all sailors on ships in the city were obliged to do military service. In addition, the emperor had the available precious metals melted down and used for the purchase of any troops that were somehow available and for the repair of the masonry. As a result of these measures, the number of defenders eventually increases to around 6,000 Greeks and 3,000 foreigners.
Rumeli Hisarı fortress, built by the Ottomans in 1452 in preparation for the attack

England / France

France after the end of the Hundred Years War

Holy Roman Empire

Austria becomes an archduchy. The Habsburg Emperor Friedrich III. confirms the (fake) Privilegium Maius and the associated privileges for the Habsburg hereditary lands . In this way, the title of Archduke is anchored in imperial law.

German medal

On December 1st, Emperor Friedrich III decides . on the court day in favor of the Teutonic Order under Grand Master Ludwig von Erlichshausen . He declares the Prussian Confederation founded in 1440 to be illegal and orders its dissolution. The decision leads to war in 1454 .

Papal States

Memorial plaque for Stefano Porcari in Vicolo delle Ceste

Iberian Peninsula


  • October 10 : Prince Suyang , with the help of the scholar Han Myung-hoi and other officials, stages a palace revolt in Korea which overthrows his nephew Danjong and proclaims Suyang's younger brother Anpyeong king of the Joseon Dynasty . Prince Suyang then presented himself as a savior, took power in the palace and sent Anpyeong into exile on Ganghwado Island , where he was poisoned eight days later. However, Danjong is not reinstated as ruler.

science and technology




Date of birth saved

Sandro Botticelli , Simonetta Vespucci as a nymph
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba y Aguilar

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1453


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1453  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files