1502

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1502
Moctezuma II.
Moctezuma II becomes ruler of the Aztecs .
Dürer's hare
Albrecht Dürer draws his nature study of the brown hare .
The world map of Alberto Cantino
Alberto Cantino sends the Cantino Planisphere
from Portugal to the Duke of Ferrara .
1502 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 950/951 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1494/95
Aztec calendar 9th house - Chicuhnahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 8th Feuerstein - Chicuei Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 2045/46 (southern Buddhism); 2044/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the Water Dog壬戌 ( at the beginning of the year metal rooster 辛酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 864/865 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3835/36 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 880/881
Islamic calendar 907/908 (turn of the year July 6/7)
Jewish calendar 5262/63 (September 2/3)
Coptic calendar 1218/19
Malayalam calendar 677/678
Seleucid era Babylon: 1812/13 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1813/14 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1540
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1558/59 (turn of the year April)

Events

MCCCCCII

Politics and world events

Voyages of discovery

The Fourth Voyage of Christopher Columbus
The fourth journey of Columbus
Vasco da Gama's second trip to India
Da Gama's route along the Malabar Coast on his second trip to India
  • The fourth Portuguese voyage to India is again under the command of Vasco da Gamas after he protested to his childhood friend, King Manuel I , against a renewed appointment of Pedro Álvares Cabral as commander in chief of the fleet. This time he leaves with 21 heavily armed ships. On the outward journey, he is already setting up bases in East Africa , including in Sofala .
  • Vasco da Gama discovered the Seychelles archipelago on his second trip to India and called them Ilhas do Almirante ( Admiral Islands ).
  • The appearance of the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean and their attack on the trade monopoly of Arab and Indian traders led to a latent state of war. Immediately after his arrival in Indian waters off Calicut, Vasco da Gama had to face a fleet of more than 100 Indian and Arab, mostly smaller ships, which the Portuguese squadron wanted to intercept. Avoiding boarding combat and using their effective gunfire, the Portuguese were able to almost completely destroy the enemy fleet. Negotiations, the exploitation of rivalries among the Indian princes and the ruthless use of force succeed in breaking the resistance of the Indian princes promoted by the Arab traders. Vasco da Gama is strengthening Portugal's position on the Indian Malabar coast by further expanding and strengthening the Portuguese factories in Cannanore and Cochin .
More voyages of discovery

Kingdom of England

Spain and its colonies

Papal States

Holy Roman Empire

Joß Fritz. Woodcut by Albrecht Dürer

Landsknecht Joß Fritz initiates a Bundschuh movement in Bruchsal and Untergrombach . The places belong to the diocese of Speyer , whose bishop Ludwig von Helmstatt financed expensive buildings by increasing taxes and restricting the forest, grazing and fishing rights of his subjects. The articles of the Bundschuh movement demand the abolition of serfdom, the abolition of tithes and other customs duties, the elimination of noble privileges in the use of forests and fishing grounds, and the confiscation of a large part of the monasteries. The movement soon includes at least 7,400 people in the area between the Main and Neckar. Initially the occupation of Untergrombach and then a train to the margraviate of Baden are planned , but the movement will be betrayed in disregard of the confessional secret. Joß Fritz escapes, but 110 members are caught. As a deterrent, ten peasants are beheaded, quartered and hung on the country roads.

Northern and Eastern Europe

  • Ivan III At the insistence of his second wife Sofia Palaiologa, he has his grandson and possible heir to the throne Dimitri from his first marriage and his wife Helena arrested.

Aztec Empire

  • Moctezuma II becomes the new ruler of the Aztecs after the death of his uncle Auítzotl . During the first seventeen years of his rule, he continued the rigid expansion policy of his predecessors.

economy

science and technology

Certificate of founding of the University of Wittenberg with seal

Culture and society

Cocoa bean
Cinnamon from the Ceylon cinnamon tree

religion

Born

Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1502

Died

First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Auítzotl in the Codex Mendoza

Died around 1502

Web links

Commons : 1502  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files