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Moctezuma II.
Moctezuma II becomes ruler of the Aztecs .
Dürer's hare
Albrecht Dürer draws his nature study of the brown hare .
The world map of Alberto Cantino
Alberto Cantino sends the Cantino Planisphere
from Portugal to the Duke of Ferrara .
1502 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 950/951 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1494/95
Aztec calendar 9th house - Chicuhnahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 8th Feuerstein - Chicuei Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 2045/46 (southern Buddhism); 2044/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 69th (70th) cycle

Year of the Water Dog壬戌 ( at the beginning of the year metal rooster 辛酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 864/865 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3835/36 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 880/881
Islamic calendar 907/908 (turn of the year 6/7 July)
Jewish calendar 5262/63 (September 2/3)
Coptic Calendar 1218/19
Malayalam calendar 677/678
Seleucid era Babylon: 1812/13 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1813/14 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1540
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1558/59 (turn of the year April)



Politics and world events

Voyages of discovery

The Fourth Voyage of Christopher Columbus
The fourth voyage of Columbus
Vasco da Gama's second trip to India
Da Gama's route along the Malabar coast on his second trip to India
  • The fourth Portuguese voyage to India is again under the command of Vasco da Gamas after he protested to his childhood friend, King Manuel I , against a renewed appointment of Pedro Álvares Cabral as commander in chief of the fleet. This time he leaves with 21 heavily armed ships. On the outward journey he is already setting up bases in East Africa , including in Sofala .
  • Vasco da Gama discovered the Seychelles archipelago on his second trip to India and called them Ilhas do Almirante ( Admiral Islands ).
  • The appearance of the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean and their attack on the trade monopoly of Arab and Indian traders led to a latent state of war. Immediately after his arrival in Indian waters off Calicut, Vasco da Gama had to face a fleet of more than 100 Indian and Arab, mostly smaller ships, which the Portuguese squadron wanted to intercept. Avoiding boarding combat and through their effective gunfire, the Portuguese were able to almost completely destroy the enemy fleet. Negotiations, the exploitation of rivalries among the Indian princes and the ruthless use of force succeed in breaking the resistance of the Indian princes promoted by the Arab traders. Vasco da Gama is consolidating Portugal's position on the Indian Malabar coast by further expanding and strengthening the Portuguese factories in Cannanore and Cochin .
More voyages of discovery

Kingdom of England

Spain and its colonies

  • February 13: Under the command of Antonio de Torres , an experienced captain who accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second voyage, Sanlúcar de Barrameda casts the largest fleet that has set sail for the New World by then . In addition to the new governor Nicolás de Ovando, around 2,500 colonists, who are hand-picked to represent a representative cross-section of Spanish society, will be transported on the roughly thirty ships . Among them are the Dominican and later chronicler Bartolomé de las Casas , the discoverer of Florida , Juan Ponce de León , and the later conqueror of Peru, Francisco Pizarro . The fleet reached Hispaniola on April 15th . In the first few months, hundreds of settlers perish from the hardships that life in the colonies brings with it - the unfamiliar climatic conditions, the unknown diseases and, last but not least, the generally prevalent deficiency. The Indians, who were arbitrarily forced into forced labor under the viceroyalty of Columbus, are increasingly getting on fire by fleeing into the mountains and hiding there.
  • February 14: The Catholic Kings order the baptism or expulsion of all Muslims from the Kingdom of Granada by the end of March.

Papal States

Holy Roman Empire

Joß Fritz. Woodcut by Albrecht Dürer

Landsknecht Joß Fritz initiated a Bundschuh movement in Bruchsal and Untergrombach . The places belong to the diocese of Speyer , whose bishop Ludwig von Helmstatt financed expensive buildings by increasing taxes and restricting the forest, pasture and fishing rights of his subjects. The articles of the Bundschuh movement demand the abolition of serfdom, the abolition of tithes and other customs duties, the elimination of noble privileges in the use of forests and fishing grounds, and the confiscation of a large part of the monasteries. The movement soon includes at least 7,400 people in the area between the Main and Neckar. Initially the occupation of Untergrombach and then a train to the margraviate of Baden are planned , but the movement will be betrayed in disregard of the confessional secret. Joß Fritz escapes, but 110 members are caught. Ten farmers are beheaded, quartered and hung on the country roads as a deterrent.

Northern and Eastern Europe

Aztec Empire

  • Moctezuma II becomes the new ruler of the Aztecs after the death of his uncle Auítzotl . During the first seventeen years of his rule, he continued the rigid expansion policy of his predecessors.


science and technology

Certificate of founding of the University of Wittenberg with seal

Culture and society

Cocoa bean
Cinnamon from the Ceylon cinnamon tree



January to May

  • January 7th: Ugo Boncompagni, as Gregor XIII. Pope († 1585)
  • January 13: Anton Lauterbach , German Lutheran theologian and reformer († 1569)
  • February 2: Damião de Góis , Portuguese diplomat and historian († 1574)
  • February 25: Alfonso d'Avalos , Italian prince, lord of Ischia and Procida († 1546)
  • March 4: Elisabeth of Hesse , Hereditary Princess of Saxony († 1557)
  • March 18: Philibert de Chalon , Prince of Orange, Duke of Gravina, Count of Tonnerre and Charny and Lord of Arlay and Nozeroy († 1530)
  • March 20: Pierino Belli , Piedmontese soldier and lawyer († 1575)
  • April 2: Susanna of Bavaria , Princess of Bavaria-Munich and by marriage successively Margravine of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and Countess Palatine von Neuburg († 1543)
  • April 10: Ottheinrich , Elector Palatinate († 1559)
  • April 25: Georg Major , German Lutheran theologian († 1574)
  • May: Jakob Bagge , Norwegian naval officer and admiral in the Swedish Navy († 1577)

June to December

  • August 4th: Pieter Coecke van Aelst , Flemish painter († 1550)
  • September 14: Ludwig II , Count Palatine and Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, Count of Veldenz († 1532)

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1502


First half of the year

  • February 18: Hedwig Jagiellonica , also known as "Jadwiga", Polish princess, Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut (* 1457)
  • around March 14: Felix Fabri , German Dominican and writer (* 1438/39)
Arthur, around 1501

Second half of the year

  • September 1: Iio Sōgi , Japanese Buddhist monk and Renga poet (* 1421)
  • before September 20: Albrecht Dürer the Elder , goldsmith in Nuremberg (* around 1427)
  • October 20: Konrad Summenhart , German theologian, canonist and natural philosopher (* around 1450)
  • November 8th: Kaspar zu Rhein , Prince-Bishop of Basel (* 1433)
  • November 10: Georg I , Duke of Münsterberg and Oels, Count of Glatz (* 1470)
  • November 11th: Hans Bär the Elder , Basel merchant and changer (* 1465)
  • November 13: Annius von Viterbo , Italian Dominican and forger of historical documents (* around 1432)

Exact date of death unknown

Auítzotl in the Codex Mendoza

Died around 1502

Web links

Commons : 1502  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files