Malabar Coast (also called the Pepper Coast , not to be confused with the Pepper Coast in Liberia, West Africa ) is the geographical name for a stretch of coast on the Arabian Sea in southwest India . It extends for around 650 km from Mangalore in the state of Karnataka in the north over the entire coast of Kerala to Cape Komorin in the state of Tamil Nadu on the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent . The lowlands of the Malabar Coast, only between 48 and 113 km wide, are bordered in the east by the mountain range of the Western Ghats . Numerous lagoons and channels, the so-called backwaters, run parallel to the coast .
Due to the maritime influence, the temperatures fluctuate only slightly over the course of the year. The annual average temperature is between 27 and 28 degrees Celsius. The Malabar Coast is one of the rainiest areas in India. As a rule, it is reached by the end of May (in the extreme south) or the beginning of June by the summer monsoon , which is particularly strong here. Depending on the location, precipitation falls between 1700 and 3500 mm each year. The humidity is very high all year round. Even in the dry season, it rarely falls below 60 percent.
The natural vegetation of the original rainforests and damp forests has been largely destroyed today due to the high population density on the Malabar coast. The humid climate allows bamboo , kapok trees and valuable types of precious wood ( teak , sandalwood ) as well as a variety of palm species to flourish, e.g. B. coconut , betel and oil palms , which are also used economically. In addition to tea , coffee and various spices grown, including pepper , cinnamon , tamarind and ginger .
See history of Kerala
Important cities on the Malabar coast and in the hinterland
- Alappuzha (formerly Alleppey)
- Changanassery (formerly Changanacherry)
- Kannur (formerly Cannanore)
- Kochi (formerly Cochin)
- Kollam (formerly Quilon)
- Kozhikode (formerly Calicut)
- Rodent coil
- Thalassery (formerly Tellicherry)
- Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum)
- Thrissur (formerly Trichur)
The districts from north to south
Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram, Palakkad (large parts), Kasaragod ( Taluk Hosdurg), Kochi, Alappuzha, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram.