|Location :||10 ° 31 ' N , 76 ° 12' E|
|Height :||14 m|
- Agglomeration :
Thrissur ( Malayalam : തൃശ്ശൂർ Tṛśśūr [ ˈt̪rɨɕːuːr ]), formerly Trichur , is a city in the southern Indian state of Kerala . It is located in central Alcala in the hinterland of the Malabar coast . The next largest city is Kochi 55 kilometers south, the coast of the Arabian Sea is 17 kilometers west. Thrissur is the administrative seat of the Thrissur district and with around 315,000 inhabitants (2011 census) the fifth largest city in Kerala. Thrissur is famous above all as the "cultural capital" of Kerala and because of the Thrissur Puram festival that takes place annually in April or May . The latter is one of the most famous and colorful Hindu temple festivals in India.
The name Thrissur is derived from Tiru Shiva Perur , which means “city with the holy name of Shiva ” in the local Malayalam language . In fact, the city developed around a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva from the 8th century.
Since the 12th century, the city and its surroundings belonged to the kings of Perumpadappu Swarupam ( Cochin ), who were pushed back south by the Zamorines of Calicut in the 14th and 15th centuries after several wars . In the early 16th century, Thrissur, like large parts of the Malabar coast, fell into the hands of the Portuguese, and in 1717 finally the Dutch . However, Thrissur remained of secondary importance for the European colonial rulers, since their focus was much more on the control of trade in the prosperous Malabar ports such as Cochin or Calicut.
In 1750 the Zamorin of Calicut was able to win the city again for himself, but had to cede it to Cochin in 1761. His rule did not last long either, as Thrissur was occupied by the troops of the Mysore ruler Hyder Ali in 1776 . The British drove them out in 1790 and placed Thrissur under the administration of the Kingdom of Cochin, which has since been degraded to a vassal state. In the same year Rama Varma, also known as Sakthan Thampuran, ascended the royal throne of Cochin (until 1805). Thrissur flourished under him. During the colonial era, Thrissur continued to belong to the nominally independent princely state of Cochin. After Indian independence in 1947, Cochin united with the Princely State of Travancore to form the Travancore-Cochin Federation and joined the Indian Union. In 1956 Thrissur came as the district capital of the newly founded state of Kerala .
Culture and sights
The main attraction is Thrissurs of the Hindu god Shiva consecrated Vadakkunathan Temple . This is one of the oldest and largest Hindu temples in Kerala (the area of the temple complex is 3.6 hectares). The Vadakkunathan Temple represents the traditional Keralesian architectural style, which is characterized by steep roofs and the use of wood as a building material. As in all temples in Kerala, entry is forbidden for non-Hindus.
Every year in the Malayalam month of Medam (April / May) the famous temple festival Thrissur Puram takes place in Thrissur . The focus of this festival, which is celebrated on a grand scale, is a procession of over 50 magnificently decorated elephants to the Vadakkunathan Temple. The Thrissur Puram festival attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year, including many Western tourists.
The city skyline is shaped by the neo-Gothic, 79 meter high Puthanpally Church .
sons and daughters of the town
- Sarah Chakko (1905–1954), President of the World Council of Churches from 1951 to 1954
- Raphael Thattil (* 1956), Syro-Malabar clergyman, Bishop of Shamshabad
- IM Vijayan , soccer player