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Tiru or Thiru ( Tamil திரு tiru [ ˈt̪irɯ ]) is a word from the South Indian language Tamil, which can be put in front of the names of people, places and the titles of texts etc. as a respectful prefix . Thirumathi (Tamil: திருமதி tirumati [ ˈt̪irɯmʌd̪i ]) is also often used in women .


The Tamil word tiru has the same range of meanings as the Sanskrit word Shri ( śrī ), from which it may also be derived. Like Shri , Tiru is an epithet of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi . Further meanings of tiru are u. A. "Prosperity", "Refinement", "Beauty", "Blessing" and "Holiness".


The respectful prefix Tiru can be placed in front of the names of persons, the titles of texts (e.g. Tirukkural ) or other words. In some cases, such as with the poet saint Tiruvalluvar , the prefix has become an integral part of the name. The prefix Tiru is also often found in place names , which in this case often indicates a temple city. Here, too, the tiru is usually an integral part of the name. Place names beginning with Tiru or Thiru are mainly found in Tamil Nadu (e.g. Tiruchirappalli , Tiruvannamalai , Tirunelveli and many others) in Kerala (e.g. Thiruvananthapuram ), in Andhra Pradesh (e.g. Tirupati ) and in the Tamil populations Areas of Sri Lanka (e.g. Trincomalee , actually Tirukonamalai).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ University of Madras. Tamil Lexicon. [Madras], University of Madras, 1924-1936. Entry "திரு tiru" .