|State :||Tamil Nadu|
|Height :||48 m|
|Residents :||473,637 (2011)|
Tirunelveli ( Tamil : திருநெல்வேலி , Tirunelvēli ; [ ˈtiɾɯnelʋeːli ]; also Thirunelveli , earlier Anglicised Tinnevelly or Tinnevelli ) is a city in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu with around 475,000 inhabitants (2011 census). It is the capital of the district of the same name .
Tirunelveli is located on the left bank of the Thamirabarani , just 75 kilometers north of Cape Komorin , the southernmost point of the Indian mainland, and 560 kilometers southwest of Chennai . On the right bank of the river lies the twin town of Palayamkottai .
The city's history dates back to the early Pandya and Chola periods . In the 16th century, the city was expanded by the Nayaks of Madurai , who ruled over it until the 18th century. Numerous Hindu temples date from that time, many of which are dedicated to the deity Shiva . Between 1542 and 1545 the Spanish-Portuguese missionary Franz Xavier worked in the city.
Today Tirunelveli is a regional trade and industrial center with cotton, food (especially sugar), tobacco and jewelry industries as well as a large cement factory and numerous car workshops. Since 1990 the city is also the seat of a university ( Manonmaniam Sundaranar University ).
69 percent of the residents of Tirunelveli are Hindus , 20 percent are Muslims and 11 percent are Christians . As in all of Tamil Nadu, the main language is Tamil, which is spoken by 98 percent of the population as their mother tongue.
The climate in Tirunelveli is tropical .
- Census of India 2011.
- Census of India 2011: C-1 Population By Religious Community. Tamil Nadu.
- Census of India 2001: C-16 City: Population by Mother Tongue (Tamil Nadu), accessed under Tabulations Plan of Census Year - 2001 .