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Dindigul (India)
Red pog.svg
State : IndiaIndia India
State : Tamil Nadu
District : Dindigul
Sub-district : Dindigul
Location : 10 ° 22 ′  N , 77 ° 58 ′  E Coordinates: 10 ° 22 ′  N , 77 ° 58 ′  E
Height : 285 m
Area : 14.01 km²
Residents : 207,327 (2011)
Population density : 14,799 inhabitants / km²
Dindigul - fort
Dindigul - fort


Dindigul ( Tamil : திண்டுக்கல் Tiṇṭukkal ) is a 220,000 inhabitants city in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu . It is the administrative seat of the Dindigul district .


Dindigul lies on the plain between the Palani Mountains (west) and the Sirumalai Mountains (east) in the southern center of Tamil Nadu at an altitude of 285 m above sea level. d. M .; the city of Madurai is about 71 km (driving distance) north. The climate is tropical and warm; Rain falls mainly in the monsoon months August to December.


Official population statistics have only been kept since 1991 and are published regularly. The increase in the population in recent decades is mainly due to the continued immigration of families from the surrounding area.

year 1991 2001 2011
Residents 182,477 196.955 207,327
Dindigul Fort - temple

A good 69% of the inhabitants of Dindigul are Hindus , a good 16% are Christians and just under 15% are Muslims ; a small remainder is made up of Jains , Sikhs and Buddhists . The main language is Tamil , which is spoken by 87% of the population as their mother tongue; 6% speak Telugu , 5 Saurashtri and 1% Urdu .


Today Dindigul is an important road and rail junction and a regional trading center for the agricultural products of the area (rice, peanuts, fruit, coffee, spices, onions). Traditionally, the production and processing of leather is one of the most important trades. In addition, the textile (cotton, silk), tobacco and jewelry industries are important.


Although known in ancient times, Dindigul was of little importance among the Chola , Pandya and the rulers of Vijayanagar . With the decline of the Vijayanagar Empire in the 16th century, the Nayak dynasty of Madurai secured their rule over the city. To secure its northern border, the Nayak had a fortress built on the top of the mountain towering over the city from 1605. In 1742 the strategically important fortified city fell into the hands of Mysore . In the Second Mysore War (1780 to 1784) between Mysore and the British East India Company , the British took it, but had to cede it again after the end of the war. In 1790, during the Third Mysore War (1789 to 1792), they finally took it. Dindigul served as a British army base until 1859, after which it was relocated to Madurai. In 1875 the city received a railway connection.


The most important attraction of the city is a large mountain fort on a granite mountain located about 1 km to the west and a maximum of about 90 m high . It was built by the nayaks of Madurai at the beginning of the 17th century, but passed to the princely state of Mysore in the 18th century, whose generals Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan, however, seized power in the second half of the century. In 1790 the fort fell to the British . There are several water tanks in the fort, which is surrounded by a 3 km long fortress wall; there are also horse stables, prison cells and a kitchen. There are also several temples here.

Dindigul seen from the fortress

Web links

Commons : Dindigul  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Dindigul - data 2011
  2. Dindigul - map with altitude information
  3. Dindigul - climate tables
  4. Dindigul - Census 1991–2011
  5. Dindigul - Census 2011