Calendar overview 1463
|François Villon is banished from Paris.||Friedrich III. becomes as Friedrich V Archduke of Austria .|
|1463 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||911/912 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9. Rabbit - Chicuhnahui Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 8th house - Chicuei Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2006/07 (southern Buddhism); 2005/06 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||825/826 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||867/868 (New Year 14/15 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5223/24 (September 14/15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1773/74 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1774/75 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1519/20 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Hungary
- July 19 : The Peace of Ödenburg ends a conflict between Emperor Friedrich III. and the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus .
- October 5th : The Peace of Zeilsheim ends the Mainz collegiate feud . Adolf von Nassau receives the Archbishopric Mainz , with all his debts accumulated in the course of the feud, Diether von Isenburg receives a small independent principality as compensation, consisting of the Mainz offices of Höchst including the Höchst Castle as a residence, Steinheim and Dieburg , and a substantial sum Money. After fulfilling his obligations, Pope Pius II released him from the ban in October . An important consequence of the peace is that Kurmainz, which was financially shattered by the donor feud, had to cede almost all of its remaining rights in Upper and Lower Hesse to the Landgraves of Hesse. Both opponents have one of the two hostile Hessian landgraves as an ally, Diether the landgrave Heinrich III. von Oberhessen , Adolf his brother Ludwig II. von Niederhessen . Both are heavily indebted to their allies and pledged Mainz possessions, and Adolf has to settle all debts to both landgraves.
- December 2nd : With the surprising death of Duke Albrecht VI. ends a long-standing bitter feud with his brother Emperor Friedrich III. Albrecht leaves no children and Friedrich inherits all Habsburg possessions in Austria on the Enns and Austria under the Enns .
- The Bavarian War , which began in 1459 , ends in a comparison: Louis the Rich withdraws from the occupied territories and Albrecht Achilles renounces his claim to imperial jurisdiction. The corresponding peace was negotiated in Prague.
- The town of Rottweil forms a protective alliance with the Swiss Confederation .
- March 26 : David Komnenos , former Emperor of Trebizond , who has lived as a “pensioner” at the court of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II since his deposition in 1461 , is arrested and imprisoned for alleged high treason. On November 1st , he and almost all male members of his family were executed.
- April: The Ottoman Empire occupies the Venetian city of Argos in the Peloponnese in Greece. The Doge Cristoforo Moro elected last year , who hesitated until then, then swung into the anti-Turkish alliance initiated by Pope Pius II .
- The Ottomans conquer Bosnia . The last Bosnian king, Stjepan Tomašević , is defeated by Sultan Mehmed II and executed after his capture.
First documentary mentions
- Rehetobel is first mentioned in a document.
- January 5 : 32-year-old François Villon is banned from Paris by a court ruling in the middle of winter . The further fate of the poet is unknown.
- March 30th : Ruprecht von der Pfalz is elected Archbishop of Cologne . He succeeds Dietrich II von Moers , who died on February 14th . His successor as Prince-Bishop of Paderborn is already on February 21, Simon III. been elected to the lip . His confirmation by Pope Pius II takes place on May 18th .
- August 26th : Peter von Schleinitz dies. The Chancellor of the Saxon Elector Friedrich II , Georg von Haugwitz, is elected as his successor as Bishop of Naumburg , who , however , also dies on October 1st, only 12 days after his election . Third Bishop of the Year is Dietrich III. from Bocksdorf .
Date of birth saved
- January 17th : Friedrich the Wise , German nobleman, Elector of Saxony († 1525 )
- January 17 : Antoine Duprat , French cardinal, Chancellor of France († 1535 )
- February 24 : Giovanni Pico della Mirandola , Italian humanist († 1494 )
- March 15 : John Virdung , German astrologer, author († 1538 / 1539 )
- May 15 : Margarethe von Hanau-Lichtenberg , German noblewoman, Countess of Nassau-Wiesbaden († 1504 )
- June 24 : Heinrich I , Duke of Braunschweig and Lüneburg and Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel († 1514 )
- August 4th : Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de 'Medici , Florentine banker, politician († 1503 )
- August 24 : Jakob von Oldenburg-Delmenhorst , German nobleman, pirate († 1484 )
- September 29 : Ludwig I von Löwenstein , German nobleman, imperial count, progenitor of the Löwenstein-Wertheim house († 1523 )
- October 20 : Alessandro Achillini , Italian doctor, philosopher († 1512 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Henry III. Bockholt , German bishop of Lübeck († 1535 )
- Philip II of Daun , Archbishop of Cologne († 1515 )
- Johannes Engel , German physician, astronomer, university professor († 1512 )
- Johann Haller , German printer, publisher († 1525 )
- Margaret of Lorraine , French noblewoman, Duchess of Alençon, nun, blessed († 1521 )
- Musa Muslihuddin , Ottoman Sufi († 1552 )
- Johannes Schiphower , German theologian, historian († after 1521)
- Caterina Sforza , Italian noblewoman, countess of Forlì and mistress of Imola († 1509 )
- Katharina zu Stolberg , German abbess († 1535 )
- Antonio Tebaldeo , Italian author, poet († 1537 )
First half of the year
- January 9 : William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent , English nobleman and politician (* around 1405 )
- February 14th : Dietrich II von Moers , Bishop of Paderborn, Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cologne (* around 1385 )
- March 9th : Catherine of Bologna , Italian Poor Clare, founder of a monastery, mystic, saint (* 1413 )
- March 24th : Prospero Colonna , Italian nobleman, cardinal (* around 1410 )
- April 15 : Wolfgang Holzer , Austrian cattle dealer, merchant, councilor and mayor of the city of Vienna (* around 1420 )
- April 24th : Kaspar von Breitenlandenberg , Swiss Prince Abbot of St. Gallen
- April 27 : Isidore of Kiev , Greek church politician, Metropolitan of Moscow (* between 1380 and 1390)
- May 31 : Caspar von Schönberg , Bishop of Meißen (* around 1395 )
- June 4th : Flavio Biondo , Italian historian (* 1392 )
- June: Johann von Ahlefeldt , Privy Councilor and Lord at Gut Lehmkuhlen and Wittmold (* 1399 )
- June: Stjepan Tomašević , Bosnian nobleman, despot of Serbia, king of Bosnia (* 1438 )
Second half of the year
- July 5th : Jean Bureau , French military leader, Seigneur de Montglat, Mayor of Bordeaux, Grand Master of the Artillery of France
- July 12th : Andreas von Graben zu Sommeregg , Austrian nobleman, knight, burgrave
- July 16 : Bernhard II , German nobleman, Duke of Saxony-Lauenburg
- August 26th : Peter von Schleinitz , Bishop of Naumburg
- September 23 : Giovanni di Cosimo de 'Medici , Italian banker, patron (* 1421 )
- October 1st : Georg von Haugwitz , German nobleman, Bishop of Naumburg, Chancellor of Frederick of Saxony
- October 6th : Friedrich III. von Brandenburg , German nobleman, Margrave of Brandenburg, Lord of the Altmark (* around 1424 )
- October 22 : James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley , English nobleman (* around 1394 )
- November 1st : David Komnenos , Byzantine nobleman, Emperor of Trebizond
- November 12th : Didakus , Spanish Franciscan, lay brother, missionary, saint (* around 1400 )
- November 15 : Giovanni Antonio Orsini del Balzo , Italian nobleman, Prince of Taranto (* 1386 or 1393 )
- November 18 : Johann IV. , German nobleman, Duke of Bavaria-Munich (* 1437 )
- November 29th : Marie d'Anjou , French nobleman, Queen of France (* 1404 )
- December 1 : Mary of Geldern , Queen of Scotland (* around 1434 )
- December 2 : Albrecht VI. , Duke of Austria (* 1418 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Mechthild II of Anhalt , German abbess (* 1392 )
- Geoffrey Boleyn , English trader, Lord Mayor of London (* 1406 )
- Manuel Chrysaphes , Byzantine composer and music theorist (* around 1440 )
- Matthäus Ensinger , German builder (* 1390 )
- Otto II of Braunschweig-Göttingen , German nobleman, Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Prince of Göttingen (* around 1380 )
- Jakob Kaschauer , Austrian sculptor (* around 1400 )
- Yusuf V , Moorish emir of Granada