Bal des Ardents kills four friends of
the French king Charles VI. , who then passed the reign to his brother Ludwig von Orléans .
|1393 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||841/842 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||4. Feuerstein - Nahui Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 3rd pipes - Jei Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1936/37 (southern Buddhism); 1935/36 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||755/756 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||795/796 (turn of the year 5th / 6th November)|
|Jewish calendar||5153/54 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1703/04 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1704/05 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1449/50|
Politics and world events
Although the church expressly forbade such a bachelorette party at the Council of Tours in 1163 , on January 28th at the court of the French King Charles VI. held a charivari on the occasion of the wedding of a lady of honor of Queen Isabeau . During the day there are parties and banquets to which the entire court is invited, in the evening a ball is on the program in the Hôtel Saint-Paul : A fire at this festival, later known as the Bal des Ardents, kills four friends of the French King Charles VI. who thereupon - at times mentally disturbed since the previous year - finally falls into madness. A few days later he passed the reign to his brother Ludwig von Orléans . But the real power again lies with a Regency Council, consisting of Philip the Bold of Burgundy and Jean de Valois, duc de Berry .
- August 2nd : After about three years of reign, King Heinrich III. of Castile and León declared of legal age at the age of 14 and took over the business of government.
Holy Roman Empire / Hungary
- March 7th : After the death of Bogislaw VI. the Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast falls to his brother Wartislaw VI. because he has no male offspring. Wartislaw is thus reuniting the legacy of his father Barnim IV in one hand.
- July 10 : The Sempacherbrief , an order of war of the Old Confederation , is closed. It includes the contracting parties of the Pfaffenbrief of 1370 , i.e. the places Uri , Schwyz and Unterwalden , Lucerne , Zurich , Zug as well as Bern and Glarus . It regulates the peace in the country between the contracting parties, establishes the banner order, prohibits looting without the prior permission of the captains and demands that the booty be divided up proportionally. He also demands consideration for monasteries and churches and protection of women who are not involved in acts of war.
- December 18 : King Siegmund of Hungary , Jobst of Moravia and the Habsburg Albrecht III join forces in Znojmo . of Austria against the Bohemian and Roman-German King Wenceslaus .
- The Stiftspropstei Berchtesgaden is incorporated into the Prince Archbishopric of Salzburg under Archbishop Pilgrim II von Puchheim after prior pledging by Provost Konrad Torer von Törlein .
- Conquest of the Ritzebüttel Castle by Hamburg
Balkans / Eastern Mediterranean
- July: After a three-month siege, the Ottomans, under the command of Celebi, son of Sultan Bayezid I , conquer the Bulgarian capital Veliko Tarnovo . In the absence of the Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Schischman , Euthymios von Tarnowo , Patriarch of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church , organized the resistance. After the conquest, part of the population is massacred and another part is forcibly evacuated.
- November 29th : After the death of Leon VI. in France, King James I of Cyprus becomes titular king of Lesser Armenia , a title that has no realpolitical meaning, as the Mamluks conquered the kingdom as early as 1375 and incorporated it into their empire.
- Samsaenthai , who has ruled his father Fa Ngum since 1373 , becomes the second king of the Laotian kingdom of Lan Xang after his father's death .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Kufstein and Rattenberg in Tyrol received from the Bavarian Duke Stephan III. the city rights .
- The Ukrainian towns of Butschatsch and Schydatschiw receive Magdeburg city rights .
Economy and culture
- The Frankfurt Christmas Market is first mentioned in a document. The Christmas has at this time not the folkloric significance as today. The Christmas market is intended to give citizens the opportunity to stock up on what they need before the toughest time of winter begins.
- In Nuremberg , due to a famine, it is decreed that only barley and no other grain may be used for brewing beer .
- August 14 : The papal nuncio Ubaldinus da Torres prepares a letter of indulgence at the Vyšehrad in Prague , stating that all who pray in front of the miraculous image of the Altenmarkt Madonna will receive an indulgence .
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Al-Mustain , Abbasid Caliph and Sultan under the Mamluks in Egypt († around 1414 )
- Gherardo Bueri , Florentine merchant and banker in the Hanseatic city of Lübeck († 1449 )
Born around 1393
- 1391 or 1393: Buonaccorso da Montemagno the Younger , Florentine lawyer, poet and humanist († 1429 )
First half of the year
- February 7th : Johann von Holzhausen , councilor and mayor of Frankfurt am Main
- February 14 : Elisabeth of Pomerania , Queen of Bohemia and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (* around 1347 )
- February 22nd : John Devereux , English nobleman, courtier and military man
- March 7th : Bogislaw VI. , Duke of Pommern-Wolgast (* around 1350 )
- March 20 : Johannes Nepomuk , Bohemian Vicar General of Prague, Catholic martyr and saint (* around 1350 )
- April 4 : Florence von Wevelinghoven , canon in Cologne and bishop of Münster and Utrecht (* around 1330 )
- April 26 : Dietrich von der Schulenburg , Bishop of the Diocese of Brandenburg and as such Prince of the Brandenburg Monastery (* around 1330 )
- May 21 : Robert FitzPayn , English nobleman (* around 1321 )
- June 6 : Go-En'yū , Japanese Emperor of the North Court (* 1359 )
- June 11th : Jean I. de Bourbon , French nobleman, Count of La Marche, Count of Vendôme and Castres as well as Peer of France (* 1344 )
Second half of the year
- July 10 : Guillaume de Harsigny , French physician (* around 1300 / 1310 )
- July 13 : Helene von Beichlingen , Countess of Meißen, Countess of Beichlingen-Wiehe (* 1360 )
- July 14 : Ibn Rajab , Islamic tradition and law scholar (* 1335 / 36 )
- July 23 : Konrad von Wallenrode , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* between 1330 and 1340)
- September 30th : Richard Cergeaux , English nobleman and politician
- November 7th : Walram IV. , Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (* 1354 )
- November 29th : Leon V , King of Lesser Armenia (* 1342 )
- November 30th : Matthias von Janov , Bohemian priest, writer, philosopher and reformer (* between 1350 and 1355)
- December 4th : Friedrich the Wise , Duke of Bavaria-Landshut from the House of Wittelsbach (* 1339 )
- December 5th : Henry VI. , Duke of Sagan, Glogau and Crossen
- December 13 : Wilhelm II , Duke of Jülich (* around 1325 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Fa Ngum , first ruler of the Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang (* 1316 )
- Georg von Neuberg , Bishop of Chiemsee
- Thomas Rushook , English prelate
- Karsten Sarnow , Mayor of Stralsund (executed)
- Heinrich II. , Count of Sponheim-Bolanden (* around 1330 )
- Siegfried von Venningen , German Master of the Teutonic Order
- Bertram Wulflam , Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund
Died around 1393
- 1391/1393 : Margaret , Scottish noblewoman (* before 1340)
- between August 9, 1392 and February 9, 1393: Johann I , Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard (* 1326 )