Calendar overview 1335
|King Casimir the Great of Poland and John of Bohemia close the Treaty of Trenčín .|
|1335 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||783/784 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||11. Rabbit - Matlactli ozce Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 10th house - Matlactli Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1878/79 (southern Buddhism); 1877/78 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle year of the wood-pig乙亥 ( at the beginning of the year wood-dog 甲戌)|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||697/698 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||735/736 (turn of the year 20/21 August)|
|Jewish calendar||5095/96 (September 18-19)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1645/46 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1646/47 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1391/92|
Politics and world events
Poland / Bohemia
- August 24th : In the Treaty of Trenčín with Bohemia , King Casimir the Great gives up all Polish claims to territories of the Silesian Piasts . This demarcation between Poland and Silesia , which was closed at Trenčín Castle in the then Hungarian city of Trenčín , has remained in place for more than 600 years. Johann von Böhmen and his son Karl renounce their titular rights to the Polish crown in exchange for a cash payment and receive recognition of their feudal lordship over Silesia .
Further events in the empire
- May 2 : With the transfer as an imperial fiefdom to the brothers Otto the Happy and Albrecht the Wise , Carinthia becomes part of the Habsburg lands . The previous Duke Heinrich from the Meinhardin dynasty died on April 2nd without male descendants. The county of Tyrol is to be divided between the Habsburgs and Wittelsbachers , which, however, meets the resistance of the Tyrolean estates, who campaign for a unified Tyrol under Heinrich's daughter Margarete and her husband Johann Heinrich von Luxemburg.
- July 2 : Otto the Happy is the first Habsburg to undergo the Carinthian installation ceremony on the Duke's Chair in Karnburg ( in Slovenian until 1414 ).
Republic of Venice
- July 20 : In Venice , the Council of Ten, established for a limited period in 1310 on the occasion of the Baiamonte Tiepolo conspiracy, becomes a permanent body. The council developed into one of the most important bodies in the Venetian judicial and rulership system as the highest court and highest police authority responsible for investigations of a political nature. It consists of ten full members who are elected from the Senate by the Great Council ( Maggior Consiglio ) .
Scotland / England
- October: The English King Edward III. supported Scottish heir to the throne Edward Balliol appoints David (III) Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl , Guardian of Scotland north of the Forth , while withdrawing himself to Northumberland .
- October / November: David Strathbogie begins the siege of Kildrummy Castle , whereupon Andrew Murray , the Guardian of Scotland , puts together a relief army for David II , a minor who fled to France with his mother .
- November 30th : In the Battle of Culblean in the course of the Second Scottish War of Independence , the Scots, under their leader Andrew Murray, are able to crush the English troops of Edward Balliol under the command of David (III) Strathbogie. The battle marks the turning point of the war, after Murray had previously negotiated possible submission.
- December 5th : Arpa Ke'un succeeds Abū Saʿīd , who died on December 1st at the age of 30, as Ilchan of Persia. Under his rule the disintegration of the Mongolian part begins. He quickly has to fight against an invasion of the Golden Horde under Uzbek Khan .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Schmalkalden receives city rights .
- Bettenhausen , Châtelat , Engwang and Molinis are first mentioned in a document.
science and technology
- Guglielmo Zelandino installs the first clock tower with a dial in the Church of St. Gottardo in Milan . It consists of a device that gives a tower keeper a signal every full hour, whereupon he rings the bell one or more times. Decades later, the clock was given an hour hand and, much later, a minute hand.
- The Syntagma kata stoicheion , a late Byzantine collection of ecclesiastical and secular law compiled by Matthaios Blastares , is completed after a year of work.
- At the General Chapter of the Dominicans in London, several regulations concerning study in the convents are made.
- The Cistercian monastery Georgenthal has 10,946 hectares or around 109 km² of contiguous area without any other extensive acquisitions, which after all accounts for almost a thirteenth of the area of the later Duchy of Gotha.
- The Dominican convent of St. Ursula near Augsburg is founded.
Date of birth saved
- May 25 : Margaret of Luxembourg , Queen of Hungary and Croatia († 1349 )
- October 27 : Taejo , King of the Korean Kingdom of Joseon and founder of the Joseon Dynasty († 1408 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- John Ball , English preacher († 1381 )
- Dietrich IV. Von Volmerstein , German nobleman († 1396 )
- Andreas Franchi , Dominican and Italian bishop († 1401 )
Born around 1335
- Angelo Correr, under the name Gregor XII. Pope of the Catholic Church († 1417 )
- Hugh Dacre . English nobleman and politician († 1383 )
- Francesco Datini , Tuscan long-distance trader, banker, cloth producer, speculator and benefactor († 1410 )
- Robert Waldby , English clergyman († 1397 )
Date of death secured
- February 23 : Gertrud von Ortenberg , Begine (* between 1275 and 1285)
- April 2 : Heinrich of Carinthia , as Heinrich VI. Duke of Carinthia, King of Bohemia and Poland, Count of Tyrol (* 1265 )
- April 4th : Markward von Jesowe , Bishop of Ratzeburg
- April 8 : Werntho Schenk von Reicheneck , Prince-Bishop of Bamberg
- April 18 : Luther of Braunschweig , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* around 1275)
- July 11th : Hermann II. Hummel von Lichtenberg , Bishop of Würzburg
- July 16 : Heinrich I von Grünberg , Bishop of Naumburg
- September 22nd : Guglielmo Tocco , governor of Corfu (* around 1280)
- October 19 : Elisabeth Richza of Poland , Queen of Bohemia (* 1286 )
- November 24th : Henry VI. , Duke of Breslau (* 1294 )
- December 1 : Abu Sa'id , Ilkhan of Persia (* 1305 )
Exact date of death unknown
- February: John de Clinton , English nobleman and politician (* around 1300 )
- around March 10: Richard de Gray , English nobleman and military man (* around 1281 )
- May / June: Johann von Chalon-Arlay , Bishop of Basel and Bishop of Langres (* 1300/01)
- Gruffydd Llwyd , Welsh military
- Moriyoshi , Japanese prince (* 1308 )
- Giovanni II. Orsini , Count Palatine of Kephalonia and Despot of Epirus (* around 1300)