Calendar overview 1333
Ludwig the Bavarian grants
the city of Heilbronn the Neckar privilege .
Go-Daigo overthrows the Hōjō clan
and ends the Kamakura shōgunate in Japan .
|1333 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||781/782 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9. Feuerstein - Chicuhnahui Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th pipes - Chicuei Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1876/77 (southern Buddhism); 1875/76 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||695/696 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||733/734 (New Year 11/12 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5093/94 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1643/44 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1644/45 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1389/90|
Politics and world events
- March 2nd : After the death of his father Władysław I. Ellenlang , Casimir becomes the Great King of Poland . From the political legacy of his father, Kasimir takes over the alliance with Hungary , reinforced by the marriage of his sister Elisabeth to Charles I of Hungary, furthermore the conflicts with the Teutonic Order about Pomeranian , with the Luxemburgers Johann and Karl IV. About the supremacy in Silesia , as well as with Johann, who as King of Bohemia also lays claim to the Polish royal crown. In contrast to his father, however, Kasimir strives for more peaceful and diplomatic solutions.
England / Scotland
- Edward Balliol , who crowned himself King of Scotland the previous year but was driven out by the supporters of King David II , is marching with an English army under the leadership of the English King Edward III. North. They reach Durham on April 1st and begin the siege of the border town of Berwick on April 12th . After a two-month siege, Berwick's defenders agree to surrender if they do not receive relief by July 20th. To secure the deal, the city's commander, Sir Alexander Sutton , gives Edward his two sons hostage.
- Meanwhile, David II's guardian, Sir Archibald Douglas , approaches with about 7,500 men from Northumberland . He invades the north of England and makes a futile attempt to kidnap the English Queen Philippa from Bamburgh Castle . However, since Edward does not break off the siege of Berwick to meet them, the Scots cross the Tweed to give Berwick relief.
- July 19 : In the Battle of Halidon Hill during the Scottish Wars of Independence , the English defeated the Scots under Archibald Douglas, who fell in the battle, without great losses, thanks to the use of long archers . Edward Balliol is reinstated as King of Scotland and recognizes Edward III. as feudal lords.
- David II and his wife Joan of England , the daughter of Edward III, are brought to safety in France after the lost battle.
- Mohammed IV , Emir of Granada from the house of the Nasrid, succeeds in conquering Algeciras , Tarifa and Gibraltar from Castile with the support of the Moroccan Merinids under Abu l-Hasan and the support of the navy from the Republic of Genoa . A little later, however, he is murdered. He is succeeded by his brother Yusuf I.
- With the help of Ashikaga Takauji, Emperor Go-Daigo overthrows the Hōjō clan and thus the Kamakura shōgunate with the puppet shōgun Morikuni and counter-emperor Kōgon . Generals Nitta Yoshisada and Kusunoki Masashige conquer Kamakura and move into Kyoto on June 19 . The Genkō War ends the Kamakura period and the Kemmu Restoration in Japan begins.
First documentary mentions
- August 27 : Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian grants the city of Heilbronn the Neckar privilege . By the construction of weirs , the navigable part of the Neckar ended at the city by the 19th century, which contributed to its economic prosperity.
- Summer: Francesco Petrarca takes a library trip to France, Flanders and the Rhineland; in Paris he reads Augustine's “Confessions” .
- December 6th : In the dispute over the Visio beatifica one of John XXII. Commissioned 11 sentences of the Bishop of Meaux, Durandus de San Porciano O. P. as erroneous and heretical .
- The Milanese Galvano Fiamma compiles a chronicle of the Dominicans up to this year.
- The Nenang Monastery of Tibetan Buddhism was founded.
Date of birth saved
- February 28 : William Ferrers , English nobleman († 1371 )
- May 13 : Rainald III. , Duke of Geldern († 1371 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Eleanor of Aragon , regent of Cyprus († 1416 )
- Jacques de Hemricourt , French writer († 1403 )
- Kan'ami , Japanese Noh actor († 1384 )
Born around 1333
- Friedrich V , burgrave of Nuremberg
Date of death secured
- January 3 : Margaret de Clare , Anglo-Irish nobleman (* 1287 )
- January 25 : Elisabeth von Maltitz , German nobles (* 1238 / 39 )
- May 14 : Kuno II von Falkenstein-Münzenberg , German nobleman
- June 6 : William de Burgh , Irish nobleman (* 1312 )
- June 18 : Henry XV. , Duke of Lower Bavaria (* 1312 )
- June 22nd : Friedrich II. , Margrave of Baden
- July 6th : Wolfram von Grumbach , Bishop of Würzburg
- July 19 : Aodh , Scottish nobleman (* around 1290 )
- July 19 : Archibald Douglas , Scottish nobleman and Guardian of Scotland
- July 28 : Guigues VIII. , Dauphin von Viennois (* 1309 )
- September 24th : Louis de Beaumont , Bishop of Durham
- October 16 : Nicholas V , Pietro Rainalducci , Franciscan and antipope (* around 1275 )
- October 27 : Stephen Seagrave , Archbishop of Armagh
- December 7th : Gerold von Friesach , Bishop of Gurk
- December 29th : Heinrich Berka von Dubá , Bishop of Olomouc
Exact date of death unknown
- Ahmad an-Nuwairī , Egyptian historian and encyclopaedist (* 1279 )
- Friedrich VIII. , Count of Hohenzollern
- Badr ad-Dīn Ibn Jamāʿa , Islamic legal scholar (* 1241 )
- Kanz ed-Dawla , first Muslim king of the Nubian Empire of Makuria
- Konrad IV. Tanner , provost of the Berchtesgaden monastery
- Momik , Armenian architect, sculptor and illuminator
- Morikuni , Japanese Shogun (* 1301 )
- Muhammad IV , Emir of Granada (* 1315 )
- Nikkō , Buddhist monk (* 1246 )
- Walter III. von Geroldseck , Mr. von Hohengeroldseck