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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The defeat of the Crusaders at Gaza, depicted in the Chronica majora of Matthew Paris, 13th century
Part of the army of the barons' crusade was defeated by the Ayyubids
in the battle of Gaza .
1239 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 687/688 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1231/32
Buddhist calendar 1782/83 (southern Buddhism); 1781/82 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Pig己亥 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dog 戊戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 601/602 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 617/618
Islamic calendar 636/637 (turn of the year 2/3 August)
Jewish calendar 4999/5000 (August 31 / September 1)
Coptic calendar 955/956
Malayalam calendar 414/415
Seleucid era Babylon: 1549/50 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1550/51 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1277
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1295/96 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire / Italy

  • Siege of Vienna between June and December by Frederick II the arguing, surrender of the city

Western Europe



  • August: In the Ayyubid fratricidal war , as-Salih Ayyub undertakes a campaign against his half-brother al-Adil II in Egypt . His uncle al-Salih Ismail , however, denied him the military successes and used al-Salih Ayyub's absence to take Damascus and make himself Sultan of Damascus. As-Salih Ayyub was abandoned by the majority of his troops and was taken prisoner by local Bedouins, who handed him over to an-Nasir Dawud , the Ayyubid Emir of Kerak , another nephew of Ismail and Ayyub's cousin. However, the prisoner succeeds in making an alliance with an-Nasir, who now lends him troops for the incursion into Egypt.


First documentary mentions


Codex Manesse, fol. 219v, Singers' War on the Wartburg (under the fictional author name Klingsor von Ungarland)


nature and environment


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

  • Balian of Arsuf , Lord of Arsuf, constable of Jerusalem and Bailli of Jerusalem († 1277 )
  • Gottfried I , Count of Habsburg-Laufenburg, Landgrave in Klettgau and Count of Kyburg († 1271 )
  • Stephan V , King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia and Rama († 1272 )
  • Thomas I , Margrave of Saluzzo († 1296 )

Born around 1239


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1239  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files