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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The Devil's Castle near Jelabuga, built by the Volga Bulgarians
The war of the Mongols under Batu Khan
against the Volga Bulgarians begins.
1236 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 684/685 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1228/29
Buddhist calendar 1779/80 (southern Buddhism); 1778/79 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the fire monkey丙申 ( at the beginning of the year wood sheep 乙未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 598/599 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 614/615
Islamic calendar 633/634 (turn of the year 3rd / 4th September)
Jewish calendar 4996/97 (September 1st and 2nd)
Coptic calendar 952/953
Malayalam calendar 411/412
Seleucid era Babylon: 1546/47 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1547/48 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1274
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1292/93 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Iberian Peninsula

The interior of the Mezquita de Córdoba

British Islands

Jewish pogroms in the Holy Roman Empire and France

  • After a due to a blood libel made anti-Jewish pogrom in Fulda , in which 30 people are murdered, asks Emperor Frederick II. Of England, France and Spain converted to Christianity, Jewish scholars to his court to send. This commission of experts refutes the allegations made against the Jews. With the consent of the princes, the Jews are acquitted in a document issued at the Augsburg court in July. Friedrich II. Extends the Worms privilege of 1090 to all Jews in his jurisdiction by means of a transsump . They are known as “ servants of our chamber ” ( servi camere nostri ) and have to pay for imperial protection.
  • In France, too, there are pogroms against parts of the Jewish population because of legends of ritual murder .

Other events in the Holy Roman Empire

Siegesallee in Berlin with the double statue for the margraves Johann I and Otto III.

Eastern Europe

North Africa and Middle East

  • As the leader of the Berber Banu Abd al-Wad, Abu Yahya made himself independent of the declining Almohads under Caliph Abd al-Wahid II ar-Rashid and founded the Abdalwadid Empire with the capital Tlemcen in western Algeria . As a result, however, the young empire is threatened by the emerging Merinids in Morocco and the Hafsids in Ifrīqiya , who declare their independence from the Almohads in the same year.
  • After the death of al-Aziz Muhammad, he was followed by his eight-year-old son an-Nasir Yusuf as emir of Aleppo. Since he is still a minor, his grandmother, Daifah Khatun, initially takes over the reign. Their brother, Sultan al-Kamil , intends to reunite Syria with Egypt and comes up with an army. Daifah Khatun then allies with al-Ashraf of Damascus.

City rights and first documentary mentions



Church hierarchy

Jarler's seal as archbishop

Spiritual orders

Founding monasteries and foundations



Date of death secured

Sava of Serbia

Exact date of death unknown

Grave building, mihrab and cenotaph of Iltutmishs, Qutb complex , Mehrauli
  • Sulayman Shah , allegedly the grandfather of the founder of the Ottoman Empire, Osman I. (* around 1178 )

Web links

Commons : 1236  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files