Calendar overview 1177
Battle of Montgisard , a small army of
the Kingdom of Jerusalem under King Baldwin IV defeated
a superior army of the Ayyubids under Sultan Saladin .
|1177 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||625/626 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1720/21 (southern Buddhism); 1719/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||539/540 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||572/573 (June 29-30)|
|Jewish calendar||4937/38 (August 26-27)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1487/88 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1488/89 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1233/34 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- July 24th : A peace treaty brokered by the Venetian Doge Sebastiano Ziani between Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa and Pope Alexander III. in Venice leads to an end to the schism (church division). The defeated in the battle of Legnano emperor can no longer at antipope Calixt III. hold fast to and recognize Alexander's pontificate. The annual Festa della Sensa in Venice commemorates this foreign policy success of the Doge. Calixt III. can stay in Albano for another year before submitting to Alexander.
- October: Following the death of Joubert , Roger de Moulins is elected eighth Grand Master of the Order of St. John . Against the initial resistance of Pope Alexander III. In the same year, Roger had the active, armed struggle against the heathen formally included in the rules of the order as a goal of the order. The expansion of the field of activity of the Order of St. John, begun by Grand Master Raymond du Puy , from mere accommodation and care of pilgrims, the poor and the sick to a fighting knightly order is now complete. The military strategic ambitions of the Johanniter make them rivals of the Knights Templar under Grand Master Eudes de Saint-Amand .
- November 25th : The Battle of Montgisard is fought by a small army of the Kingdom of Jerusalem under King Baldwin IV and the Ayyubids under Sultan Saladin . Saladin and his 26,000-man army are surprised by the daring of the crusaders, who thus achieve the greatest victory of the crusades .
South East Asia
- June 14th : Coming across Lake Tonle Sap , the Cham conquer the capital of the Khmer Empire from Angkor in what is now Cambodia .
First documentary mentions
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Baldwin V , King of Jerusalem († 1186 )
- Fujiwara no Nobuzane , Japanese court painter († 1266 )
- John I the Old of Ibelin , baron in the Kingdom of Jerusalem († 1236 )
- Uthman Marwandi , Sufi master († 1274 )
- Philip of Swabia , Roman-German King († 1208 )
Born around 1177
- Otto von Botenlauben , German minstrel († before 1245)
- Silvestro Guzzolini , Italian saint († 1267 )
Date of death secured
- January 13th : Heinrich II. , Count Palatine of the Rhine, Margrave of Austria, Duke of Bavaria and Duke of Austria (* 1107 )
- July 17th : Fujiwara no Kiyosuke , Japanese poet (* 1104 )
- October 18 : Udalrich II , Duke of Olomouc (* 1134 )
Exact date of death unknown
- June 12 or July: Hermann II , Bishop of Bamberg
- October: Joubert , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- Hesso von Üsenberg , Abbot of Tennenbach
- Øystein Møyla , Norwegian counter-king (* 1157 )
- Wilhelm von Montferrat , Count of Jaffa and Askalon (* between 1135 and 1145)