Calendar overview 1180
|Philip II becomes King of France .|
|1180 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||628/629 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1723/24 (southern Buddhism); 1722/23 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||542/543 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||575/576 (May 27-28)|
|Jewish calendar||4940/41 (21/22 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1490/91 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1491/92 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1236/37 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- January 13th : Heinrich the Lion , Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, is deprived of his ducal dignity and his fiefdom and he falls under the eighth after he has not heeded an imperial call for help. Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa undertakes an imperial army expedition until 1181 to enforce it .
- April: Reichstag in Gelnhausen : Heinrich the Lion is deprived of the Duchy of Saxony at the Gelnhausen Court Day with the Gelnhausen deed of April 13th and this is divided. The title of Duke of Saxony goes to the Ascanian Bernhard III. In favor of the Archbishop of Cologne, Philipp von Heinsberg , the Duchy of Westphalia is re-established from the western parts of the former tribal duchy.
- July 13 : With the Regensburg arbitration , Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa deprives the Bavarian Duke Heinrich the Lion of the rights granted in the Augsburg arbitration of 1158. Customs and market in Munich are awarded to Bishop Albert von Freising , whose predecessor Otto collected customs duties for the Salzstrasse in front of the Augsburg arbitration at the Föhring bridge .
- September 16 : After Henry the Lion was deposed, Otto I of the Wittelsbach family was enfeoffed with the Duchy of Bavaria .
- The Margraviate of Styria leaves the Bavarian area and is elevated to a duchy . Ottokar IV from the Traungau family becomes the first Duke of Styria .
Other events in Europe
- September 18 : With the death of his father Louis VII , the 15-year-old Philip II becomes King of France . The coronation and anointing of the young king took place during his father's lifetime at the end of the previous year.
- The Serbian Grand Župan Stefan Nemanja gains independence from Byzantium .
Kingdom of Jerusalem
- June 23 : The first battle of Uji begins and with it the Gempei War in Japan . Two samurai families fight for power in the state.
First documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Bolligen , Buchs , Cressier , Erlenbach im Simmental , Langenberg (Gütersloh district) , Münchenbuchsee , Muri bei Bern , Retz , Seelze , Wichtrach and Wölflinswil
- King Henry II of England has the "easterling" hit. The new coin will strengthen the trade relations with the East ( East = East ). In modern parlance, the name changes to “ sterling ” (pound sterling, sterling silver) in the sense of “genuine” and “pure”.
- Friedrich I. Barbarossa founds the coinage in Schwäbisch Hall.
- Establishment of the Cistercian monastery Lehnin in Brandenburg by the Marquis I. Otto southwest, around 25 kilometers from Potsdam located
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- June 1 : Berenguela of Castile , Queen of Castile († 1246 )
- August 6 : Go-Toba , Emperor of Japan († 1239 )
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1180
- al-Kamil , Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria († 1238 )
- Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford , English magnate († 1230 )
Date of death secured
- January 23 : Eberhard I. , Count von Berg-Altena (* around 1130 )
- January 29th : Soběslav II , Duke of Bohemia and Landgrave of Moravia (* around 1128 )
- March 11th : Hugo von Verden , Bishop of Verden
- March 30 : al-Mustadī 'bi-amri' llāh , Caliph of the Abbasids (* 1142 )
- July 18 : Heinrich Raspe III. , Count von Gudensberg, younger son of Landgrave Ludwig II of Thuringia (* around 1155 )
- July: Mochihito , Japanese prince
- September 18 : Louis VII , King of France (* 1120 )
- September 24th : Manuel I , Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (* 1118 )
- October 6th : Amalrich of Nesle , Patriarch of Jerusalem
- October 25 : John of Salisbury , English theologian (* around 1115 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abraham ibn Daud , Jewish chronicler, philosopher and astronomer (* around 1110 )
- Eudes de Saint-Amand , Grand Master of the Templar Order
- Isingrim von Ottobeuren , abbot of the Ottobeuren monastery
- Casimir I , Duke of Pomerania
- Konrad I von Geroldseck , Prince-Bishop of Strasbourg
- Minamoto no Yorimasa , Samurai (* 1106 )