Calendar overview 1106
|Heinrich V receives the imperial insignia after the abdication of his father Heinrich IV .||
Ali ibn Yusuf ibn Tashfin
succeeds his father as ruler of the Moorish empire of the Almoravids .
|1106 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||554/555 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1649/50 (southern Buddhism); 1648/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||468/469 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||484/485 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||499/500 (September 1st and 2nd)|
|Jewish calendar||4866/67 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1416/17 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1417/18 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1162/63 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Kingdom of England
- September 28th : King Henry I defeats the Norman army of his older brother Robert Curthose with an English army in the battle of Tinchebray in Normandy and takes him prisoner. A few days after the battle, he releases most of the prisoners. Only his brother Robert will remain in captivity for the last twenty-eight years of his life. With the victory of Tinchebray, Heinrich Beauclerc reunites the "Anglo-Norman Empire" created by his father, consisting of the Kingdom of England and the Duchy of Normandy, under one rule.
Holy Roman Empire
- January 6th : Fürstentag zu Ingelheim : In the wake of the investiture dispute , after the abdication of Emperor Heinrich IV, his son Heinrich V receives the imperial insignia.
- At the end of January or the beginning of February the old emperor managed to escape from the Pfalz Ingelheim , where he was being held, and to organize the resistance. On Maundy Thursday he defeats Henry V's troops near Visé on the Meuse . After these promising beginnings, however, Henry IV fell ill and died on August 7th in Liège . There he is given an honorable burial in the cathedral . The princes object because the ban on church has not yet been lifted. The emperor's body is taken from his grave and buried in unconsecrated ground in a still unconsecrated chapel outside the city in Cornelio monte sita . A little later, Heinrich V disregarded the decision of the princes, had the body removed from the ground again on August 24th and first transferred to Liège, then to Speyer , to be buried there in the Mariendom. Gebhard , the bishop of Speyer , forbids funerals and funeral ceremonies. The emperor finds his temporary resting place in an unconsecrated chapel attached to the cathedral, the later Afra chapel . This leads to tumult among the population of Speyer, Gebhard has to withdraw from the city in the same year.
- Gottfried VI. of Brabant receives from Emperor Henry V the title of Duke of Lower Lorraine .
- September 2 : Ali ibn Yusuf ibn Tashfin succeeds his father Yusuf ibn Tashfin as ruler of the Moorish empire of the Almoravids .
First documentary mentions
- First written mention of the Polish city of Kalisch and of Brusio in Switzerland
- Wormsley near Stokenchurch in Buckinghamshire is first mentioned as Wdemunesleia .
- In Worms , the oldest of documented is guild of Germany, Worms Fischerzunft founded.
- Archbishop Friedrich I of Bremen begins the elder colonization .
Religion, culture and society
- The Imperial Cathedral in Speyer is completed in its current form.
- Farmers put seeds on the bier of the dead Emperor Henry IV, which they later sprinkle on the fields to increase the yield of the harvest.
nature and environment
- February 2nd : The Great Comet of 1106 (X / 1106 C1) appears for the first time. It is visible in parts of Europe and Asia until mid-March.
Exact date of birth unknown
- February: Alexios Komnenos Porphyrogennetos , Byzantine co-emperor († 1142 )
- Giorgios IV. , Nubian King († 1158 )
- Conrad II , Count of Luxembourg († 1136 )
- Minamoto no Yorimasa , Japanese poet, samurai and leader of the Minamoto armies († 1180 )
- Tumtön Lodrö Dragpa , clergyman of the Kadam School († 1166 )
Born around 1106
Date of death secured
- May 19 : Gottfried IV. , Hereditary Count of Anjou (* around 1073 )
- June 16 : Benno von Meißen , saint and bishop of Meißen (* around 1010 )
- July 31 : Adolf I. von Berg , founder of the county of Berg (* around 1045 )
- August 7th : Heinrich IV. , Roman-German King, later Emperor (* 1050 )
- August 12 : Dietrich III. , Count of Katlenburg (* 1075 / 80 )
- August 23 : Magnus , Duke of Saxony (* around 1045 )
- September 2 : Yusuf ibn Tashfin , ruler of the Almoravids in northwest Africa and Andalusia (* 1009 )
- October 11 : Rupert , counter-bishop in the Diocese of Würzburg
Exact date of death unknown
- February: Chalaf ibn Mulaib , governor of the Fatimids in Homs and Apamea
- Cáenchomrac Ua Baigill , Bishop of Armagh
- Dschekermisch , governor of Mosul
- Hugo von Falkenberg , Lord von Falkenberg, Crusader and Prince of Galilee
- Hywel ap Goronwy , Welsh chief
- Nathan ben Jechiel , Italian-Jewish scholar and lexicographer (* around 1020 )
- Ngog Chöku Dorje , Tibetan Buddhist clergyman (* 1036 )
- Phuchterwa Shönnu Gyeltshen , clergyman of the Kadam tradition of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1031 )