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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Count Bertrand in front of Tripoli (painting by Charles Alexandre Debacq, 19th century)
Crusaders under Bertrand of Toulouse conquer Tripoli
and make it the capital of the county of the same name .
1109 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 557/558 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1101/02
Buddhist calendar 1652/53 (southern Buddhism); 1651/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 63rd (64th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Ox 己丑 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rat 戊子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 471/472 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 487/488 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 502/503 (July 30/31)
Jewish calendar 4869/70 (August 27-28)
Coptic calendar 825/826
Malayalam calendar 284/285
Seleucid era Babylon: 1419/20 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1420/21 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1147
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1165/66 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Iberian Peninsula

Queen Urraca depicted in a miniature from the 12th century.
  • May: King Alfonso VI. of León , Galicia and Castile proclaims his daughter Urraca to be his heiress in Toledo in the presence of "all the nobles and counts of Spain" . Already on July 1st Alfonso dies in Toledo and on July 22nd , one day after his burial, Urraca certifies a privilege in favor of the Church of León as "Queen of all Spain" ( Urraka dei nutu totius yspanie regina ). Urraca is the first queen of medieval Europe to rule by her own birthright. In October, despite the protests of the Archbishop of Toledo, she married Alfonso I of Aragón and Navarre , to whom her father was betrothed the previous year.

First documentary mentions



Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1109


Date of death secured

Tomb of Anselm of Canterbury
Glass picture of Bishop Ruthard in Mainz Cathedral; the picture essentially corresponds to the seal used by Ruthard

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1109  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files