Calendar overview 1109
Crusaders under Bertrand of Toulouse conquer Tripoli
and make it the capital of the county of the same name .
|1109 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||557/558 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1652/53 (southern Buddhism); 1651/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||63rd (64th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||471/472 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||487/488 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||502/503 (July 30/31)|
|Jewish calendar||4869/70 (August 27-28)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1419/20 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1420/21 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1165/66 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- July 12th : Battle of Tripoli : Crusaders under King Baldwin I of Jerusalem and Bertrand of Toulouse conquer the city of Tripoli in the Levant and make it the capital of the county of the same name .
- May: King Alfonso VI. of León , Galicia and Castile proclaims his daughter Urraca to be his heiress in Toledo in the presence of "all the nobles and counts of Spain" . Already on July 1st Alfonso dies in Toledo and on July 22nd , one day after his burial, Urraca certifies a privilege in favor of the Church of León as "Queen of all Spain" ( Urraka dei nutu totius yspanie regina ). Urraca is the first queen of medieval Europe to rule by her own birthright. In October, despite the protests of the Archbishop of Toledo, she married Alfonso I of Aragón and Navarre , to whom her father was betrothed the previous year.
- The Almoravids conquer Talavera in the west of Toledo after a month of siege.
- The Almoravids under Ali ibn Yusuf besieged Madrid unsuccessfully .
First documentary mentions
Exact date of birth unknown
- Chapa Chökyi Sengge , Buddhist clergyman and logician († 1169 )
- Helena of Serbia , Queen of Hungary († 1146 )
- Ludwig III. , Count of Arnstein († 1185 )
Born around 1109
Date of death secured
- January 26 : Alberich von Cîteaux , Benedictine abbot in Cîteaux (* around 1050 )
- February 26th : Edigna von Puch , German hermit
- April 14th : Fulko IV. , Count of Anjou (* 1043 )
- April 21 : Anselm of Canterbury , Benedictine Abbot in Bec Abbey, Archbishop of Canterbury, philosopher and Doctor of the Church (* around 1033 )
- April 28 : Hugo von Cluny , Benedictine abbot in Cluny (* 1024 )
- May 2nd : Ruthard , Archbishop of Mainz
- May 12th : Domingo de la Calzada , Spanish hermit and patron of the St. James pilgrimage
- July 1st : Alfonso VI. , King of Castile and León (* 1037 )
- 20 July : Adelaide of Kiev , Roman-German empress, second wife of Henry IV (*. 1067 / 70 )
- September 21 : Svatopluk of Olomouc , Duke of Bohemia
Exact date of death unknown
- Bruno von Calw , counter-bishop of Metz
- Ngog Loden Sherab , Buddhist clergyman (* 1059 )
- Wilhelm-Jordan , Count of Cerdanya, participant in the 1st Crusade and regent of the County of Tripoli