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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Robert Guiscard is crowned Duke by Pope Nicholas II.  (Depiction from the Nuova Cronica by Giovanni Villani, 14th century)
Pope Nicholas II enfeoffs Robert Guiscard with southern Italy .
1059 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 507/508 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1051/52
Buddhist calendar 1602/03 (southern Buddhism); 1601/02 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 62nd (63rd) cycle

Year of the Earth-Pig己亥 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dog 戊戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 421/422 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 437/438 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 450/451 (February 16-17)
Jewish calendar 4819/20 (September 10-11)
Coptic calendar 775/776
Malayalam calendar 234/235
Seleucid era Babylon: 1369/70 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1370/71 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1097
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1115/16 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


  • May 23 : The ailing French King Henry I had his seven-year-old son Philip elected king and consecrated by the Archbishop of Reims . The Capetian wants to ensure the smooth succession to the throne in the event of his death, which is achieved afterwards.

Southern Italy

Byzantine Empire / Balkans

  • Autumn : The Hungarians cross the Danube together with several Pechenegen tribes , but are immediately stopped by the Byzantine Emperor Isaac I and enter into peace negotiations.
  • November 22nd / November 24th : After the successful campaign against the Pechenegs, Isaac I is attacked by a disease that he considers fatal, whereupon, on the advice of the scholar Michael Psellos, he appoints Konstantin Dukas as his successor. His brother Johannes rejects the imperial dignity because the clergy and bureaucracy are hostile to him. Although Isaac recovered, he did not take the purple back, but retired to the studio monastery, where he spent the remaining two years of his life as a monk.
  • December 25th : Constantine X is crowned emperor. The bureaucracy thus triumphs over the provincial and military nobility. His policies will weaken the borders and enable the Seljuks, Hungarians, Pechenegs and Normans to wrest several provinces from the empire and devastate them.



science and technology

Religion and culture


The Baptistery of San Giovanni in Florence


Relief representation and lingas on a rock in the river


Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1059


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1059  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files