Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
Roger de Montgomerie (* around 1005; † July 27, 1094 ), lord of Montgomery (today Saint-Germain- and Sainte-Foy-de-Montgommery , Calvados department ), was a Norman nobleman from the Montgommery family , as well as a relative and Follower of William the Conqueror . From 1067 he was also Earl of Arundel and from 1074 Earl of Shrewsbury .
Although often mentioned as the son of Hugo of Montgomery and Josseline de Beaumont , the daughter of Turolf de Pontaudemer , or another niece of the Danish Gunnora , Duke Roberts ' second wife , he was more likely the son of an older Roger de Montgomery. In the founding deed of Troarn Abbey , Roger describes himself as "Rogerius, ex normannis, normannus magni autem Rogerii filius." Hugo von Montgomery was possibly his grandfather. The elder Roger owned extensive lands in the heart of Normandy , which Roger inherited after his death.
It is not known exactly when Roger senior died. But he was definitely dead in 1056 when Roger the Younger invited the abbot of Châtillon, Gislebert, with his monks to Troarn and expelled the 12 canons that his father had installed there in 1022 because they were indulgent, gluttonous and other carnal Had given up pleasures.
Ordericus Vitalis , whose father Odelerius von Orléans was an advisor to Roger's immediate circle and who is known as an accurate chronicler, reports that the Montgommery family succeeded in re- joining Guillaume II Talvas de Bellême , who had been chased away by his son Arnoul to bring power, in return for which Roger de Montgommery received the hand of his daughter - and sole heir after Arnoul was murdered - Mabile de Bellême . It also seems that Duke Wilhelm requested this marriage in order to restore calm on the southern border of Normandy after years of armed conflict and at the same time to bind the area more closely to himself through his confidante Montgommery.
Roger of Montgomery is often mentioned as one of Wilhelm's military leaders in the Battle of Hastings . In fact, he was most likely not in England during the conquest, but remained as governor of Wilhelm in Normandy. The only author to be taken seriously who mentions Rogier de Montgomeri by name and even ascribes him a prominent role in the battle is Wace (around 1100 to 1174). Ordericus Vitalis only mentions Roger as Williams' companion to England in December 1067 and expressly mentions that Roger had been left behind as governor in Normandy at the time of the earlier expedition. Even Robert du Mont , William of Jumièges , Benoît de Sainte-Maure , William of Poitiers and the author of Carmen de Bello Hastingensi (attributed to Bishop Guy of Amiens) mention Rogers presence currently not the invasion. Possibly the error comes from the fact that Roger was present when planning the invasion in 1066 in Lillebonne and equipped 60 ships from his great fortune ( “A Rogero de Montgomeri sexaginta naves” ). There is no evidence that he accompanied the ships.
In 1083 Roger founded the Shrewsbury Benedictine Abbey and completed the construction of Arundel Castle . In 1094, a short time before his death, he entered the convent. He was buried in the abbey church.
Roger and his wife Mabile de Bellême († December 1082) had several children, including:
- Robert of Bellême, 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury
- Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury
- Roger Poitevin ( Pictavinus ), † 1123, 1113 Count of La Marche
- Philip of Montgomery († 1099), Grammaticus , fourth son, monk, died on the First Crusade in Jerusalem
- Arnulf de Montgomery , the progenitor of the Scottish Montgomery
- Emma († March 4, 1113), abbess of Almenesches since 1074
- Mathilde, wife of Earl Robert of Mortain , Earl of Cornwall
- Mabel, wife of Hugh de Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais
- Sibylle, married Robert FitzHamon , the couple founded Tewkesbury Abbey
With his second wife Adeliza de Puiset he had a son:
- Charles Lethbridge Kingsford: Roger de Montgomery . In: Sidney Lee (Ed.): Dictionary of National Biography . Volume 49: Robinson - Russell. MacMillan & Co, Smith, Elder & Co., New York City / London 1897, pp 101 - 103 (English).
- JFA Mason: Montgomery, Roger de, first earl of Shrewsbury (d. 1094). In: Henry Colin Gray Matthew, Brian Harrison (Eds.): Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , from the earliest times to the year 2000 (ODNB). Oxford University Press, Oxford 2004, ISBN 0-19-861411-X , ( oxforddnb.com license required ), as of 2004
|New title created||
Earl of Arundel
|Hugh of Montgomery|
|New title created||
Earl of Shrewsbury
|Hugh of Montgomery|
|SURNAME||Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Roger de Montgomery|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Norman nobleman, a relative and henchman of William the Conqueror|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1005|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 27, 1094|